Tag Archives: Verbal And Nonverbal Communication

Question?: What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder

Betty asks…

How will Asperger syndrome and PDD be Diagnosed in the future once the definition is Changed?

I heard that instead of 3 being diagnosed with High Functioning Autism (aspergers syndrome), PDD-NOS and Autistic disorder there will only be one type
but, what if the child have mild symptoms of Autism just like Aspergers, how will they be diagnosed? How will Aspergers syndrome and PDD-NOS be diagnosed differently under the dsm-5 if they have symptoms of an autism Spectrum disorder?

admin answers:

Actually there are currently 5 subtypes…also childhood disintegrative disorder and retts

instead of labeling by subtype–they will just use one label for all groups

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Must meet criteria A, B, C, and D:

A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across contexts, not accounted for by general developmental delays, and manifest by all 3 of the following:

1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity; ranging from abnormal social approach and failure of normal back and forth conversation through reduced sharing of interests, emotions, and affect and response to total lack of initiation of social interaction,

2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction; ranging from poorly integrated- verbal and nonverbal communication, through abnormalities in eye contact and body-language, or deficits in understanding and use of nonverbal communication, to total lack of facial expression or gestures.

3. Deficits in developing and maintaining relationships, appropriate to developmental level (beyond those with caregivers); ranging from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit different social contexts through difficulties in sharing imaginative play and in making friends to an apparent absence of interest in people

B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities as manifested by at least two of the following:

1. Stereotyped or repetitive speech, motor movements, or use of objects; (such as simple motor stereotypies, echolalia, repetitive use of objects, or idiosyncratic phrases).

2. Excessive adherence to routines, ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior, or excessive resistance to change; (such as motoric rituals, insistence on same route or food, repetitive questioning or extreme distress at small changes).

3. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus; (such as strong attachment to or preoccupation with unusual objects, excessively circumscribed or perseverative interests).

4. Hyper-or hypo-reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of environment; (such as apparent indifference to pain/heat/cold, adverse response to specific sounds or textures, excessive smelling or touching of objects, fascination with lights or spinning objects).

C. Symptoms must be present in early childhood (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities)

D. Symptoms together limit and impair everyday functioning.

Aspergers and PDDNOS CAN fit into this definition….instead of listing different types—there will just be one type…they won’t be diagnosed differently.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In Adults

Donald asks…

How can you tell if some one has autism?

What are the symptoms?

admin answers:

Autism – Symptoms
Core symptoms
The severity of symptoms varies greatly between individuals, but all people with autism have some core symptoms in the areas of:

Social interactions and relationships. Symptoms may include:
Significant problems developing nonverbal communication skills, such as eye-to-eye gazing, facial expressions, and body posture.
Failure to establish friendships with children the same age.
Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people.
Lack of empathy. People with autism may have difficulty understanding another person’s feelings, such as pain or sorrow.
Verbal and nonverbal communication. Symptoms may include:
Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.1
Problems taking steps to start a conversation. Also, people with autism have difficulties continuing a conversation after it has begun.
Stereotyped and repetitive use of language. People with autism often repeat over and over a phrase they have heard previously (echolalia).
Difficulty understanding their listener’s perspective. For example, a person with autism may not understand that someone is using humor. They may interpret the communication word for word and fail to catch the implied meaning.
Limited interests in activities or play. Symptoms may include:
An unusual focus on pieces. Younger children with autism often focus on parts of toys, such as the wheels on a car, rather than playing with the entire toy.
Preoccupation with certain topics. For example, older children and adults may be fascinated by video games, trading cards, or license plates.
A need for sameness and routines. For example, a child with autism may always need to eat bread before salad and insist on driving the same route every day to school.
Stereotyped behaviors. These may include body rocking and hand flapping.

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Genetics

Nancy asks…

what is autism?

like how do you get it, what happens when you have it?
what is it?

admin answers:

Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Autism is characterized by impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. Other ASDs include Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS). Experts estimate that one in 67 children will have autism. Males are four times more likely to have autism than females.

What causes autism?
Scientists aren’t certain what causes autism, but it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role. Researchers have identified a number of genes associated with the disorder. Studies of people with autism have found irregularities in several regions of the brain. Other studies suggest that people with autism have abnormal levels of serotonin or other neurotransmitters in the brain. These abnormalities suggest that autism could result from the disruption of normal brain development early in fetal development caused by defects in genes that control brain growth and that regulate how neurons communicate with each other. While these findings are intriguing, they are preliminary and require further study. The theory that parental practices are responsible for autism has now been disproved.

How is autism diagnosed?
Autism varies widely in its severity and symptoms and may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affected children or when it is masked by more debilitating handicaps. Doctors rely on a core group of behaviors to alert them to the possibility of a diagnosis of autism. These behaviors are:
impaired ability to make friends with peers
impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others
absence or impairment of imaginative and social play
stereotyped, repetitive, or unusual use of language
restricted patterns of interest that are abnormal in intensity or focus
preoccupation with certain objects or subjects
inflexible adherence to specific routines or rituals.

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Pediatric Autism – Signs and Symptoms of Autism and Autistic Disorders

Pediatric Autism

Autism is the a large amount of classical transaction according to the cluster of autism spectrum diseases, including the Asperger syndrome, the Rett syndrome, the Childhood disintegrative disorder and the pervasive developmental disorder. Pediatric Autism

The most fundamental and frequent parts of autism are impaired social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication difficulties, repetitive actions, odd interests and limited actions.Male children have a four times more increased risk of developing autism than little girls. According to studies, a number of about 1-3 children in one thousand subjects are susceptible of developing autistic disorders.

The most important signs of autism can show different difficulty grades, from mild forms to severe cases. Autistic children have problems in interacting with other children or persons due to a disease triggered impaired social interaction ability. Verbal and nonverbal communications skills are very limited and they most often try to express themselves by signs and pictures. These children have most commonly repetitive interests and activities and their actions and thoughts are narrow and obsessive. Pediatric Autism

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The impossibility of a regular social interaction with parents, children and family and first noticed by the caretakers around the age of three when the initial autistic obvious symptoms occur. Autistics are unable to make connections, play or talk to other persons around the. Parents start to notice a tendency of their child to exclude others and live alone in his interior world.

They do not pay attention to other people and their capacity to maintain focus for a longer time is limited; other persons’ interests and actions are uninteresting to them. Many of the pediatric patients touched by autism have developed normally during the first life years and at 3-4 years have suddenly become to show symptoms of an autistic disorder. Many parents are alarmed by this sudden change in their child’s behavior and cannot explain his sudden annoyance of others. Pediatric Autism

Most children with this disorder avoid eye contacts with any person and usually do not respond to their name. They have difficulties integrating voice, facial mimics, and expressions and are thus unable to understand what interlocutors feel, think or desire. They also avoid watching other people’s faces to rely on certain clues about their behavior. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Pediatric Autism program now!

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Free Social Stories For Autism – College And The Autistic Student

Free Social Stories For Autism

Autism, a neurological-based developmental disability, affects an anticipated one in 166 people, according to a 2004 study by the Centers for Disease Control Prevention. Both children and adults in Autism often times show tribulations in verbal and nonverbal communication, social interactions and leisure or play activities, according to the Autism Society of America. Autism causes individuals differently and to varying degrees. Free Social Stories For Autism

Experts agree on the following advice upon detection of Autism:

1. Seek immediate treatment for your child.

2. If possible, find someone to work with the child at least 20 hours a week, i.e. a therapist, teacher, parent, grandparent or someone from your church or group. Look for progress after one month.

3. Do not allow the child to sit and watch TV all day. Get them engaged and play as many games as possible that require taking turns.

4. New parents learning they have an autistic child must recognize immediately that they cannot do it all by themselves. They should immediately contact Autism societies or chapters to find resources, join support groups and talk with other families about their experiences. Free Social Stories For Autism

5. Help the child to develop their areas of strength, particularly among high-functioning students with Asperger’s Syndrome (a neurobiological condition characterized by normal intelligence and language development with deficiencies in social and communication skills), and get them job experiences during high school.

Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia is one of the few colleges in the US that has a special program in their Autism Training Center, which works with Autism spectrum disorders like Aspergers. Although many colleges have counselors and staff familiar with Autism, only Marshall has a program tailored specifically for autistic students. The program serves three of the university’s 16,360 students and may eventually accommodate 10; it will remain small by choice. Free Social Stories For Autism

“The goal is not for all students with Autism to attend Marshall, but for the program to become a model for other colleges,” says Barbara Becker-Cottrill, the Center’s director. “The true goal is for students to have the ability to attend the university of their choice. Our work will be working with other universities on how to establish a program such as this on their own campuses.” Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Free Social Stories For Autism program now!

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Autistic Special Education – How Does It Affect Your Child’s Education?

Autistic Special Education

Autism is a disorder which causes the whole person and most often lasts for the lifetime of the body the current it affects. Specifically presently disorder leads one’s ability to form emotions, memories, sensory abilities, non-verbal communication skills and significantly more. Autistic Special Education

It influence one in one hundred and 50 individuals of all races and social status; and has a tendency to affect a great deal more boys than it performs girls. A common description that I have heard among professionals is that many people who suffer from autism can think thoughts but cannot vocalize those same thoughts. Autistic Special Education

Key Symptoms Include the Following: Repetitive Behavior – For example, a young child may seem unusually fixated on a particular toy, constantly arranging objects in a specific way or obsessive about certain things. Lack of Social Interaction – Another symptom is in the area of relationships. Research has found that people who suffer with autism are usually ‘socially unaware’. Autistic Special Education

This means that they are oblivious to the feelings of people around them. Verbal and Nonverbal Communication – By nature, autism is a neurobiological disorder. Hence it affects the manner in which the brain converts thoughts into words. Therefore, a child might be thinking of an answer to a question, but vocalizing it becomes a very difficult task! Autistic Special Education

Non-verbal communication is difficult for many of us who are considered “normal”, so imagine what it must be for one who has difficulty connecting with their emotions – let alone the emotions of others! Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autistic Special Education program now!

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Is Asperger’S Disease Related To Sleep Disorders?

First thing to know is, what is Asperger’s disease? Before you try to treat a sleep disorder, or associate it with having Asperger’s, make sure you know that the child experiencing sleep issues actually has Asperger’s disease.

This disease is a neurological condition belonging to autism spectrum disorders. Most common effects are those relating to motor skills. They will be uncoordinated, and will have difficulty doing things that comes natural to most children.

Such as jumping, running, climbing, and riding a bike. But it is important to recognize the difference between this condition, and what is considered to be autism. Although sometimes confused with autism, there is one key difference, and that is in communication skills.

Those diagnosed with autism usually have problems with both verbal and nonverbal communication. On the other hand, those with asperger’ disease actually achieve a high level of communication, and speak very well.

The problem is, they tend to be very narrowly focused on a singular subject. They will talk obsessively about their interest and little else. They will actually excel in the knowledge of the subject that is consuming them to the point of becoming an expert.

Unfortunately, anything someone else might want to talk about, takes a back seat to his or her interest. This makes it difficult for them to interact with others who would normally want to talk about a wider area of interests.

Some other symptoms to watch for are, limited social skills, problems expressing themselves in a nonverbal manner, routines they can’t break away from that they will continue to repeat, and problems relating to their peers.

There is a better than average chance that if a person has asperger’s disease they probably suffer from a sleep disorder, more commonly insomnia. Children with asperger’s disease usually have a problem with initiating sleep, and the continuity of sleep.

This is do-to the neuropsychiatric deficit that is inherent of asperger’s. Of course this will more than likely carry into adulthood. If the individual is loosing sleep, then other problems will start to arise.

Daytime fatigue, loss of appetite, and possible depression are a few of those problems. All of these things should be taken into consideration when planning a course of action that should include medical help.

There have been sleep studies done with adults that have asperger’s syndrome. In those cases, sleep diaries were used to document all sleep habits. Included were times the participants fell asleep, length of time they slept, how often the woke, naps during the day, along with what their eating, drinking, and smoking habits were.

In the end regardless of each persons own personal habits 18 out 20 people had insomnia. So there does appear to be a correlation between having asperger’s syndrome, and suffering from a sleep disorder.

Of course always speak with a medical professional before trying to treat anything on your own. In this case you have two disorders to treat. First you need to take care of the asperger’s disease, which could be causing the anxiety that leads to the insomnia.

You don’t want to start taking, or giving medication to someone for an issue that might lead to more problems down the road. Consult your doctor, get the best medical advice you can, and be safe.

Learn more about sleep disorders, and there effects. Find out what you can do to help yourself.visit You Can Sleep Deep.com
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Autism Symptoms Toddler – Causes and Diagnosis of Autism

Autism Symptoms Toddler

Autism is the the majority of characteristic circumstances of the autistic spectrum disorders and is defined by impaired social interaction, obsessive and narrow interests, repetitive actions and difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication. Autism Symptoms Toddler

Children with autism are mostly diagnosed at the age of 3 when properties confirm symptoms of an increased sensitivity to sound, dim and touch and fallen sensation of pain. They avoid other children, resost cuddling, cannot can appreciate greater number of person’s needs and feelings.

The exact causes of autism are not yet known to scientists but they tend to incriminate for the occurrence of these disorders of both genetically and environmental factors. A series of genes on the chromosomes have been identified to be connected to the causes of autism. Also irregularities in certain brain areas have been matched to these type of disorders.

According to some particular studies, an important trigger of autistic disorders is a low level of neurotransmitters like serotonin in the brain tissues. The genes responsible for the growth and interaction of the brain tissues and neurons could be blamed for an abnormal intrauterine development leading to later manifestations of some fetal life problems. Autism Symptoms Toddler

Another theory of the parental practices responsible for the apparition of autism is still discussed and researched. All theories regarding the cause of autism are still preliminary and yet to be proven. Autistic disorders can appear in mild to severe forms or be masked by other handicaps. Diagnose is not always easy and certain. The clinical diagnose is established according to a list of the most characteristic signs.

The group of symptoms orienting a specialist towards diagnose of autism consists of certain behavioral and physical changes. This group contains an impaired ability to make connections with other children or begin and sustain a conversation, the absence of imaginative social play methods, stereotyped and repetitive actions, limited interests, unusual language skills, obsessions regarding particular few objects and incapacity to accept certain rituals and routine changes.

Doctors use questionnaires or other screening instruments to evaluate the observations made by parents or by both parents and doctors. Certain questions regarding behavior and development are asked and related to obvious observations. A further evaluation when the suspicion of autism persists must be performed by a multidisciplinary team consisting of neurologists, psychiatrist, speech analyst and other professionals. Autism Symptoms Toddler

A hearing evaluation must be completed in order to eliminate disorders caused by hearing difficulties. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Symptoms Toddler program now!

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Autism Teacher Training – Is There An Oversight That Autistic Children With A General Education May Experience Setbacks?

Autism Teacher Training

While many schools try to integrate children with learning challenges into the mainstream classroom, autistic children with a general education could experience setbacks because of the environment in school. A classroom not suited to autistic behaviors and teachers or students not understanding disorder characteristics could hinder the learning ability of an autistic student. Autism Teacher Training

An inclusion school environment can be successful if teachers have experience and training in autistic education. Not having the proper training could lead to setbacks in an autistic child’s verbal and nonverbal communication development, sensory processing, social interaction and imaginative or creative play.

Because autism affects non disordered pupils with habits stressful to others, teachers need to help all students adapt by using different techniques based on the needs of the autistic child. Because autistic children have habits, such as repetitive behavior or sudden outbursts for no reason, a classroom needs to be flexible in order to conform to an individual’s learning needs and be capable of addressing behavioral issues in a calm and understanding, yet disciplinary, manner.

Mainstream schools with successful autism inclusion rely on visual aids, structure and routine to ensure that there are no setbacks later in life for an autistic student. In addition, by pairing an autistic child with a traditional student, an autistic student’s socialization improves through peer interaction and anxiety is reduced. With a well rounded education, the autistic student will be able to conduct daily living needs and function in society as an adult. Autism Teacher Training

While most people rely on two or three learning styles, autistic students use only one style of learning. Because autistic children have different learning styles than traditional students, a dual curriculum is necessary in certain general education areas. Otherwise, the autistic child will be unable to process the information being taught. Autistic children whose learning style is not being met can cause disruptive behavior, such as running around in the classroom or not listening to the teacher. In these situations, a classroom may not be suited for autistic learning.

If teaching styles in a mainstream school cannot be adapted, then a school that is tailored towards the autistic student is the best option. The school environment and teachings will be better geared to the student and there will be no issues with not understanding the behaviors of the disorder.

However, there are pros and cons when comparing an inclusion school to an autistic needs tailor made school. While autistic students can learn from other students, a general education could cause setbacks if educators fail to modify their teaching styles to accommodate autistic students. However, a school tailored only to autism shelters autistic children and prevents them from learning societal challenges among others without the disorder. Autism Teacher Training

While the debate continues to ask whether a general education can cause setbacks, it is known that a proper education for an autistic student requires a nurturing environment that allows the individual to feel comfortable in learning. By doing so, autistic students will be able to find their talents and succeed in life. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autism Teacher Training program now!

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Types Of Autism – There Are 5 Different Types of Autism Disorders

Types Of Autism

Autism is a complex developmental disability amongst many distinct values of severity. Technically, there is one diagnosis that is Autism. People do but then refer to the Pervasive Developmental Disorders as disorders on the Autism spectrum or Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Autism Spectrum Disorders are developmental brain disorders that cause impaired social interaction, concerns amongst verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or majorly limited activities and interests. Autism is just one of uni different sorts of Autism disorders. Below are definitions and characteristics of the five different autism disorders.

Classic Autism: Autism is the second leading childhood developmental disorder and is considered the most severe of the different types of Autism disorders. People with Classic Autism develop language late, or not at all. People affected with Classic Autism have difficulties talking with other people or a profound lack of affection or emotional contact with others, an intense wish for sameness in routines, muteness or abnormality of speech, high levels of Visio-spatial skills, but major learning difficulties in other areas. Symptoms of autism usually appear during the first three years of childhood and continue throughout life. Autism is a spectrum disorder because the severity of impairment in each of these areas differs in each individual.

Aspergers Syndrome: A Person with Aspergers Syndrome can exhibit a variety of characteristics and the disorder can range from mild to severe. Children show deficiencies in social skill and have difficulties with transitions or changes. They compulsively cling to rituals and any changes in their routine can upset them. They have a great difficulty reading body language and determining proper body space. Some children with Aspergers Syndrome have reduced sensitivity to pain and an increased sensitivity to bright lights and loud noises.

With this type of Autism disorders they also have average or above-average intelligence. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder: Childhood Disintegrative Disorder includes severe regression in communication skills, social behavior, and all developmental motor skills. At the beginning these children seem perfectly normal. They start to regress at between ages 2-4 years. At that time these children stop socializing, lose potty-training skills, stop playing, lose motor skills and stop making friends. Types Of Autism

Rett Syndrome: Rett syndrome is a neurological and developmental disorder that mostly occurs in females and is marked by poor head growth. Loss of muscle tone is usually the first symptom. Other early symptoms may include problems crawling or walking and diminished eye contact. They stop using their hands to do things and often develop stereotyped hand movements, such as wringing, clapping, or patting their hands.

The inability to perform motor functions is perhaps the most severely disabling feature of Rett syndrome, interfering with every body movement, including eye gaze and speech. Infants with Rett syndrome seem to grow and develop normally at first, but then stop developing and even lose skills and abilities. Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified: This tends to describe people who have many or all of the different types of Autism disorders.

Children with PDDNOS either do not fully meet the criteria of symptoms used to diagnose any of the four specific types above, and/or do not have the degree of impairment described in any of the above four specific types. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Types Of Autism program now!

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