Tag Archives: Types Of Autism

Question?: Rett Syndrome Research

Ruth asks…

What is difference betweeen these types of autism….?

Core autism and atypical autism
if you have used resources please state its for case study.
Thanks

admin answers:

A simple Google will find many sources on the web. In this way you will be able to find what you want and what fits your research. In the mean time here are a few of the many types of autism.
Autistic disorder. This is what most people think of when they hear the word “autism.” It refers to problems with social interactions, communication and imaginative play in children younger than 3 years.
Asperger’s syndrome. These children don’t have a problem with language — in fact, they tend to score in the average or above-average range on intelligence tests. But they have the same social problems and limited scope of interests as children with autistic disorder.
Pervasive developmental disorder or PDD — also known as atypical autism. This is a kind of catchall category for children who have some autistic problems but who don’t fit into other categories.
Rett’s disorder. Known to occur only in girls, Rett’s children begin to develop normally. Then they begin to lose their communication and social skills. Beginning at the age of 1 to 4 years, repetitive hand movements replace purposeful use of the hands.
Childhood disintegrative disorder. These children develop normally for at least two years, and then lose some or most of their communication and social skills.

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Question?: Pdd Autism

Mary asks…

Can you tell me about the medical condition Autism?

why do mostly boys get autism? can it become better as the child grows? can people with autism live normal lives when they grow up?

admin answers:

Hi there!

Autism is a spectrum, meaning that there are many “types” of autism, and the “severity” of the autistic traits can vary, from one individual to another. It’s considered a “disability” by the ADA, however, many people who have higher-functioning forms of autism feel that they do not have a disability, but are actually what’s called neurologically diverse. Aspergers is one form of autism which is actually a lot more common than one would think! Autism is not something which “goes away”, although certain characteristics can be managed more effectively with time. When a person “finds a way” to adapt to a shortcoming, the new way of dealing with that is called an “adaptive behavior.” There are also maladaptive behaviors. This is when a person comes up with a not-so-great way to adapt. Ii guess you could say it’s like a “defense mechanism” in some ways.

Boys have been diagnosed more frequently with autism in the past, although it has been found that girls “really can have autism”! For instance, I have Aspergers, which is on the spectrum, but most people who meet me have no idea. Boys have more “classic” behaviors than girls do, although in my opinion, this is because of many gender differences. You may have noticed that some more “assertive” women in the public eye are suspected (or do have) Aspergers. I think this is because their personality enables the manifestation of more “typical” behaviors. (Think: Madonna and Sharon Stone. Strong women.)

People with autism (especially the higher-functioning forms, such as HFA, PDD, and Aspergers) CAN have normal lives. Of course, if they have the opportunity for guidance when they are younger, they develop more adaptive (and fewer maladaptive) behaviors, so they fit into society generally well. Many people with AU (that’s the abbreviation for autism) follow their interests vocationally, and can be very successful in those things which they find interesting. When people with AU are creative, for instance, being in a creative field is ideal, because many creative people are individualistic.

A note about the higher end of the spectrum… A diagnostic criteria for Aspergers (for instance) is that that cognitive ability must not be dimished. (This is one reason why they give IQ tests when diagnosing.) So if you look at a group of people with Aspergers, you are 100% certain that they are all at least of average cognitive ability. You can’t say the same for the rest of the population. By definition, average intelligence is average because half is above, and half is below.) The point I’m making is that if you know someone with Aspergers, (a child, familiy member, someone at work) you can be sure that they are intelligent. This helps people who don’t have AU to give some additional credibility to ideas or suggestions. (People who don’t have AU are sometimes called “neurotypical”, or NT, when we talk about people with and without autism.)

People with autism and Aspergers are actually a wonderful societal resource. There can at times be stigma around those with Aspergers, when people don’t understand the little things that they do.

An example: Most people with Aspergers (AS) have some sort of uber-developed sense. For instance, hearing. (My Aspie son has said, “Mom, I can hear things very distinctly!”) For a person with AU who needs to concentrate, something like cubes being built in the same room, or a woodpecker outside the window can be a little distracting. A person with AS may request that they complete their task in a better setting until the cubes are built. In an office where they are not as accepting of neurological diversity, this could be falsely seen as “elitist” or something similar. It’s not, of course, it’s what that person temporarily needs in order to do the best work on the expected task. There are laws in place to prevent discrimination, although Aspergers in the workplace is one area that is a little behind-the-times with regard to diversity training…! These days, companies which have a high probability for Aspergers employees (like computer companies, engineering firms, architects, accounting, etc…) are seeking diversity training so that the company can benefit from a productively symbiotic relationship between Aspies and NTs.

Anyway, This might be a little more info than you were looking for, but I hope it’s helpful. (Explaining how to “build a watch” is a typical AS trait, and one I am actively striving to improve! 🙂

Feel free to ask more questions if you are interested. I have some of my sites listed if you would like to learn more.

Lorin Neikirk

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Question?: What Is Autism Yahoo

Susan asks…

I know autism is typically shown as a child but can Autism also first show its signs in adulthood?

It may sound stupid, but are there two types of autism, one that develops in late teens/early adulthood or is just childhood?

admin answers:

If it is environmental as many believe, yes it can present later in life. But, most often the toxins are introduced to those sensitive to them in early childhood. There are not really two types of autism, there are millions, one for every affected person. I’ve yet to see two people who present in the same way with a diagnosis autism.

BTW – It doesn’t sound stupid, but a legitimate question.

Here is a site where lots of people know about autism first hand, not just from psych books. Http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/Autism-Mercury/

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Question?: Pdd-nos Checklist

Carol asks…

Do you think my 26 year old brother could be autistic?

I just checked out this website and he has every symptom on there. http://www.autism-pdd.net/checklist.html#checklist

He didn’t start speaking until he was 3-all he did was growl. I have a 3 year old, so I know that’s not normal.
He used to bang his head when he was angry so hard that he would get bruises.
The teachers thought he was dyslexic and he couldn’t color in the lines.
He strongly prefers to be alone in his room ever since he was little. He lives with my parent’s now and doesn’t come out of his room unless he absolutely has too.
He says things that don’t make sense in conversations.
He’s extremely sensitive to loud noises.
Has only had one job in his life as a stock boy and that didn’t last long.
Just sort of pushed through school-without ever learning anything that my friend’s 8 year old doesn’t know.
He graduated from high school through a special ed program.

I love my brother very much, but I’m worried about his ability to live on his own someday. Also, one of my cousins is autistic. He’s different from my brother, but I know that there’s different types of autism

What do you think might be gong on?

admin answers:

You are correct, there are many different types of autism. Some people may have profound autism with equally profound intellectual impairments, whilst others may have very mild autism and be intellectually normal (or better).

The fact that he was in special education indicates he has some diagnosis. His behaviors sound strongly like either autistic disorder or PDD-NOS. I say PDD-NOS as to be diagnosed with either autistic disorder or Asperger’s syndrome there must be repetitive and restrictive behaviors. He may have them but they haven’t been listed. Things like obsessive interests (that may dominate conversations, that he spends significant amounts of time researching or doing), insistence on non-functional routines (such as sitting in the same spot, watching the same episode of a TV show or taking the same route to a particular location) and repetitive movements or speech (repeating what he or someone else has said, rocking back and forth – you have already mentioned head banging).

It seems likely that he has some form of autism. He should get diagnosed and then see a specialist who can help him with things such as independent living, social skills and sensory problems.

You should also be looking out for any problems in your son. You have a family history of ASD. You would have noticed if it was anything serious but the milder forms (Asperger’s syndrome and high functioning autistic disorder) may not present with speech delays, self injurious behaviors and severe impairments. If you notice anything odd then see a specialist because early treatment is one of the most effective methods for minimizing the eventual severityof an ASD.

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Potential Link Between Autism And Smoking During Pregnancy

Main Category: Autism
Also Included In: Pregnancy / Obstetrics;  Smoking / Quit Smoking
Article Date: 30 Apr 2012 – 1:00 PDT

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Women who smoke in pregnancy may be more likely to have a child with high-functioning autism, such as Asperger’s Disorder, according to preliminary findings from a study by researchers involved in the U.S. autism surveillance program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“It has long been known that autism is an umbrella term for a wide range of disorders that impair social and communication skills,” says Amy Kalkbrenner, assistant professor in the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee’s Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health, lead author of the study. “What we are seeing is that some disorders on the autism spectrum, more than others, may be influenced by a factor such as whether a mother smokes during pregnancy.”

The study was published in an advance online release by the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

Smoking during pregnancy is still common in the U.S. despite its known harmful impacts on babies. Kalkbrenner found that 13 percent of mothers whose children were included in the study had smoked during pregnancy.

Kalkbrenner and colleagues’ population-based study compared smoking data from birth certificates of thousands of children from 11 states to a database of children diagnosed with autism maintained by the CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDMN). Of the 633,989 children, born in 1992, 1994, 1996 and 1998, 3,315 were identified as having an autism spectrum disorder at age 8.

“The study doesn’t say for certain that smoking is a risk factor for autism,” Kalkbrenner says. “But it does say that if there is an association, it’s between smoking and certain types of autism,” implicating the disorders on the autism spectrum that are less severe and allow children to function at a higher level. That connection, she adds, needs further study.

April is Autism Awareness Month, and several studies of possible links between environmental factors and autism are being published by Environmental Health Perspectives at the same time as Kalkbrenner’s study. “The CDC recently released data indicating that 1 in 88 children has an autism spectrum disorder, making such environmental studies even more timely,” says Kalkbrenner.

Because autism involves a broad spectrum of conditions and the interplay of genetics and environment is so complex, no one study can explain all the causes of autism, she adds. “The goal of this work is to help provide a piece of the puzzle. And in this we were successful.”

Other research articles published in Environmental Health Perspectives show that polychlorinated biphenyls disrupt early brain development by interfering with the signals that promote normal neuron branching. A review article suggests research directions for exploring a potential link between pesticides and autism. An editorial calls for increased discovery research to identify possible environmental causes of autism in America’s children.

“PCB 95 Promotes Dendritic Growth via Ryanodine Receptor-Dependent Mechanisms”

“PCB 95 Modulates Calcium-Dependent Signaling Pathway Responsible for Activity-Dependent Dendritic Growth”

“Tipping the Balance of Autism Risk: Potential Mechanisms Linking Pesticides and Autism”

“A Research Strategy to Discover the Environmental Causes of Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disabilities”

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our autism section for the latest news on this subject. For a pdf of the study, go to: http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1104556.
In addition to lead author Kalkbrenner, co-authors include: Joe Braun, Harvard School of Public Health; Maureen Durkin, University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health; Matthew Maenner, Waisman Center at UW-Madison; Christopher Cunniff, University of Arizona College of Medicine; Li-Ching Lee, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Sydney Pettygrove, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health at the University of Arizona; Joyce Nicholas, Medical University of South Carolina; and Julie Daniels, UNC Gillings School of Public Health.
University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

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What Is Autism? Explore Different Types of Autism

What is Autism?

Often we come to know an individual (children or adults) who find it difficult to communicate or build relationships. Without knowing the actual reason and being so judgmental, we consider them rude or introvert. But that might not be the case with few individuals as it can also be a disorder commonly known as Autism.

Autism is a disorder where one, especially a child, finds it difficult to learn and develop the basic skills. More often than not the problems associated with Autism results in social communication. Their behavior appears restrictive and it is one of the severe outcomes of blockage of information processing in mind. Though there has been tremendous research regarding real cause of autism, but no big success has been achieved in this regard. It is believed that in maximum cases autism starts appearing within first three years in a child. Bear in mind it is a neurological complexity which results in malfunctioning of brain. It ultimately results in incapability to communicate and make relationships.

Different Types of Autism

Though both girls and boys can develop this disorder at any time, but it has been seen that boys have more chances of developing it than girls. As far as the question how common is the problem of autism than the answer is, approximately 10-20 people develop this habit among 10,000. Have a glance at the sub types of autism. These are based on severity of the situations and also the age factor.

Classic Autism is considered as the most dangerous types of this order. People suffering with this problem are those who find it difficult even to talk and their social communication is one the lowest side. They are extremely sensitive regarding few certain smells, sounds and signs. Their behavior may become repetitive about few TV shows or food items.

Few patients do have the same problem but language is not a barrier for them, fall under the category of Asperger’s Syndrome. Others may find their behavior unusual as its patients are odd, when it comes to following the social rules.

In few cases it has been seen that a child was completely normal till 2 years of age and then suddenly he/she start behaving abnormally. It is called as “childhood disintegrative disorder” and children start showing some unacceptable signs such as problem dealing with potty rules or playing.

Rett Syndrome is another type of childhood developmental disorder which is seen in girls in early age. This common syndrome stops physical and mental development of a girl child. There are four main stages of Rett Syndrome and its severity differs from child to child.

More details can be found on “Autism Spectrum Disorders”.

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Knowledge About Early Signs of Autism

Whether you’re new parents that have just had their first child or you have recently added one more sibling to the family group, at some point in time, being concerned about Autism may have crossed your mind. Roughly one out of every 150 infants that are born today is autistic, so it is imperative that the disorder be detected early in order to treat it properly. If you are unfamiliar with the disorder, it is important to educate yourself about it and learn about the early signs of Autism.

First and foremost, Autism is a neural development disorder that is characterized by the impairment of communication, language skills, and social interaction as well as repetitive or restricted behavior patterns. In most cases, these different characteristics appear by the time the child has reached three years of age. Autism affects how the brain processes information by altering the way that the nerve cells connect with and organize the synapses.

It is one of three different types of Autism disorders found on what is referred to as the Autism spectrum. The other two are Asperger’s Syndrome where cognitive development and language skills are lacking and PDD-NOS or Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified. This disorder is usually diagnosed should the criteria involved in the diagnosis for either Autism or Asperger’s Syndrome not be met.

What to look for

What you want to remember above everything else when you are concerned about the possibility of your infant being autistic is that recognizing the early signs of Autism may be the difference between diagnosing the disorder properly and missing it completely. The earlier the disorder is diagnosed, the sooner you can start treatment and increase your chances of having a better outcome for both you and your child.

Early detection of Autism is critical so the sooner you educate yourself about the warning signs, the better. Here are some basic suggestions for recognizing the early signs of the disorder based on what the child should have accomplished by a certain time in their early development:

o By the time your child is 6 months old, they should be smiling whenever they are delighted or feel joy for one reason or another.

o Mimicking facial expressions, vocal intonations, and words should be evident by the time your child is 10 months old.

o Once the child has reached two years of age, they should be talking and should have at least several words in their ever-growing vocabulary.

Remember that the child may only exhibit one of the early signs of Autism. Even if all the symptoms are not being exhibited, your child may still be diagnosed as autistic. One way or the other, you should take your child to their pediatrician to determine if further testing for the disorder may be necessary. Diagnosing the disorder as early as possible in the child’s development is critical and could mean treating it sooner that you can prevent complications and avoid more additional negative consequences.

For the latest videos and training information on child development as well as books and curricula on Autism please visit childdevelopmentmedia.com.

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Learn How to Cope With Autism Symptoms

This article will define in detail, the now widely observed disease autism. To cure any disease, you need to know in the first place what it is. Hence this article will begin by defining what is autism? Autism is a disorder, of the neurons and is identified by deteriorating and impaired communication skills and interaction in the social environment. People suffering from autism show repetitive behavior that restricts their ability to learn new behavioral characteristics. The signs of autism can start showing as early as three years old, so autism is not a disease of the elderly or of the infants since it can develop even in the earliest or the latest stages of life. How does this particular neural disease develop? Autism is caused by dysfunctional information gathering, processing and organizing of information by synapses and nerve cells in the brain. In medical terms there are three types of autism disorders that fall under the spectrum of autistic diseases. These include autism, Asperger syndrome and lastly pervasive development disorder. In the Asperger syndrome, the patient shows stunted cognitive and language development and the Pervasive development disorder is diagnosed when the signs and symptoms of autism and Asperger are not met.

The basis of autism isn’t clear, however, it is mostly considered to be a disease of the genes. Some believe that it is caused by rare mutations while others believe it to be a cause of irregular combinations of genetic variants. In other conditions, autism is also caused by birth defects. Coming onto the signs of autism, there are numerous characteristics which depict this particular neural disease. These include stunted social development, communication problems, repetitive and restricted behavior, prohibited motor skills and odd eating behaviors.

Now before providing treatment for autism and diagnosis, any particular disease needs to be screened first. In the case of autism, most people notice odd behavior as early as 16 months to 24 months. There are certain signs that can be most commonly used to diagnose this particular problem. These include the inability to speak or babble up till twelve months, no pointing or motor skills up till twelve months, no language usage and loss of communication and language skills. There are numerous checklists present to further help screen this particular disease which include Checklist for Autism, First Year Inventory and Early screening of Autism. These different checklists are used for prognosis and screening, where different variables are checked and tested against a patient.

Now coming on to the prognosis and treatment of autism, talking about a full-recovery treatment, there is no such thing. So autism cannot be cured permanently since it is a disease of the neurons; medical specialists seldom finds cures to diseases related to the brain. Recovery has said to happen itself, in rare cases as developments are seen as the child grows up and is given special attention regarding development of motor and language skills. Furthermore, such children are usually provided special social interaction training where they are made to feel more comfortable in external environment. Intensive help and care can aid a child to cope up with this particular neural disease.

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Dealing With Autism

One of your children has just been diagnosed with autism. The feelings you may be experiencing might be very confusing and possibly even conflicting. You may not even know much about autism, except that it explains why your child has been throwing tantrums without cause and refuses to hug you. You thought maybe those were just their little quirks and that they would grow out of it, but these “quirks” never went away. When a child in your life is diagnosed with autism, the world can suddenly become a very scary place, especially if you know very little about the disorder.

The good news is that more and more information about autism and the autistic spectrum is being released every day, and understanding the disorder that eludes you becomes easier with time and much research. The bad news is that a person can never really be rid of their autistic tendencies. However, the disorder can be managed through therapy and diet.

You should first be aware of the fact that there are many different types of autism. Asperger’s syndrome is generally known as a high-functioning autism disorder. Unfortunately, no one knows for sure what causes children to become autistic, but the disorder usually appears during the first three years of their lives. There are some babies who show symptoms when they are born, and others who seem to be developing normally at first but start showing symptoms somewhere between 18 and 36 months. Another unfortunate fact is that autism is more likely to develop in boys than girls – about four times more common.

Signs of an autistic disorder may be subtle at first, but they do eventually become more pronounced and difficult to handle. You should take your child to be evaluated immediately if the following symptoms occur:

Your child does not babble or make baby noises by their first year.
He or she does not point, grasp, or make other gestures by their first year.
Your child does not speak single words by the time they are 16 months old.
They cannot say a two-word phrase on their own (not including if they are repeating what someone says to them) by their second year.
Your child loses any language or social skill at any age.

Of course, these are not the only things you should be looking out for. If you do encounter any of these problems, please take your child to a doctor for autism evaluation immediately, because it is highly likely that your child has developed an autistic disorder of some kind. Do not be fearful, though. There are a few things you can do in order to help your child work through their disorder. First, you should start a gluten-free and casein-free (or dairy-free) diet, as this may be helpful in managing their behavior. You should also choose a good therapist who understands your child’s syndrome, and meet as often as possible. If you need medical insurance in order to pay for therapy, make sure you look at health insurance quotes in order to get the best rate.

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Types Of Autism Revealed

The term “autism” is a generalized term which falls inside a larger medical category oftentimes called “the 5 Pervasive Development Disorders”. Autism is the most common type of development disorder and can appear in a range of  types and severity of condition. This has led to the term “Autism Spectrum Disorder” which can be often used to identify and discuss the differing types of autism. What this implies is that someone diagnosed as having autism will have one of several different types of autism which have features that are comparable in some respects and different in others.

Inside the Autism Spectrum Disorder there exists four subcategories of autism which are Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified or “PDD-NOS”. Seeing as each of these are types of autism they all share some general autism traits.

It is generally acknowledged that autism is related to the brain or what some are now calling “mindblindness”. At some point between birth and the first two-and-a-half years of age there’s a serious development problem inside the brain that prevents parts of the brain from functioning as one. As the child gets older they find it more and more difficult to communicate and connect to other people around them in what we deem a normal and socially acceptable manner. Dependant upon how bad the brain disorder was early on in life will determine how serious the type of autism is when the child becomes older.

What we have discussed thus far has told us that all types of autism are linked to a condition within the brain. Now we will look at how each of the types of autism are different.

1. Asperger Syndrome (AS)

indicated by impaired speech and communication skills
restrictive patterns in the manner the individual behaves and thinks

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Children with Asperger Syndrome often exhibit very obsessive behavior towards a single subject or topic and refuse to focus on anything else. This makes it very difficult for them to socialize with others, especially their peer group and they find it hard to talk and interact normally. Also very common is delayed learning when it comes to motor skills like riding a bike, being able to catch a ball or even climbing on playground equipment. The child is usually thought of as being clumsy and inept.

2. Rett Syndrome

symptoms tend to be noticed earlier on in a child’s life than other types of autism
generally is encountered only in girls and unexpectedly begins to surface some six to eighteen months after a normal infant development pattern

A baby with Rett Syndrome exhibits a slow down or oftentimes even a loss of customary development skills that were already developed before Rett Syndrome. Added signs of this infant disorder may include problems learning to walk, increased delay in learning basic motor skills and often there is a lessening in skull growth rate.

3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)

less common type of autism
occurs later than other types of autism, not until around age 3 or four
frequently a dramatic loss of social, communication and other kinds of skills

A child afflicted with CDD generally has demonstrated normal development well beyond that phase where other types of autism may become evident. Everything appears fine, until unexpectedly around the ages of 3 or 4 the child in a short time begins to have difficulty speaking normally, doing social activities with others and begins to fall behind in normal skill development for their age group. In very severe cases this may even lead to mental retardation.

4. Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

generally the mildest type of autism and is usually diagnosed around 4 years old
core features are problems with social interaction and communication

A child with PDD-NOS enjoys the company of other people but has a difficult time reacting appropriately and making genuine connections with their friends. For example they find it difficult to relate to the feelings of others, and as such would not know how to appriopriately react if someone is laughing or crying. Areas of difficulty with respect to communicating with other people include a restricted vocabulary, repetitive language, narrow interests and poor nonverbal communication.

As you can see the definition of autism just isn’t so simple as many people presume it to be. Differing autism features have given rise to a number of different types of autism that will impinge on children and adults in a wide range of ways, often depending upon how severe the condition is for that person.

It is extremely important to understand that the above facts about autism, together with the types of autism discussed, are merely general guidelines and are in no way intended to be a medical diagnosis. If you believe that your son or daughter may have autism, then please seek out medical advice from a physician.

Take action now to find out more about what is autism disorder and learn to help your child and yourself as a concerned parent or an adult dealing with autism. Visit our website now to learn more about the types of autism and much more. Articles on autism, videos and links to other resources including books on autism. Let us help you as we have already helped hundreds of other concerned parents with autistic children as well as adults with autism .
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