Tag Archives: Teaching Methods

Question?: Pdd Nos Symptoms

William asks…

What are the symptoms of autism in children under two?

admin answers:

Appears indifferent to surroundings
Appears content to be alone, happier to play alone
Displays lack of interest in toys
Displays lack of response to others
Does not point out objects of interest to others (called protodeclarative pointing)
Marked reduction or increase in activity level
Resists cuddling

Young children with autism usually have impaired language development. They often have difficulty expressing needs (i.e., use gestures instead of words) and may laugh, cry, or show distress for unknown reasons. Some autistic patients develop rudimentary language skills that do not serve as an effective form of communication. They may develop abnormal patterns of speech that lack intonation and expression and may repeat words or phrases repetitively (called echolalia). Some children with autism learn to read.

Autistic children do not express interest in other people and often prefer to be alone. They may resist changes in their routine, repeat actions (e.g., turn in circles, flap their arms) over and over, and engage in self-injurious behavior (e.g., bite or scratch themselves, bang their head).

Other symptoms in young children include:
Avoids cuddling or touching
Frequent behavioral outbursts, tantrums
Inappropriate attachments to objects
Maintains little or no eye contact
Over- or undersensitivity to pain, no fear of danger
Sustained abnormal play
Uneven motor skills
Unresponsiveness to normal teaching methods and verbal clues (may appear to be deaf despite normal hearing)

Research has shown that autism occurs more often in first born children and males. My daughter (first born) was an incredibly easy, cuddly baby, but definitely displayed language/communication delays. Her diagnosis is Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS).

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Question?: Autism Signs And Symptoms

Robert asks…

What is Autism and what are the signs/symptoms?

I’m trying to understand Autism a little more. I don’t know anyone personally with it, just wondering if someone could describe it in simple terms. I’ve had people tell me they “know what it is” but cant really describe it.

admin answers:

Autism affects each person on an individual basis, so the symptoms are unique to each individual, they can be in any combination and range anywhere from mild to severe. There are also different forms of autism each ranging from mild to severe. There are other conditions that can co-exist with the autism, other conditions that have similiar symptoms, and some condtions that share some symptoms of autism. The link below has information about each form of autism including characteristics, diagnosing, etc and has information about other conditions that can co-exist with the autism, other conditions that have similiar symptoms, and some condtions that share some symptoms of autism.

You’re basic symptoms are: http://www.autism-society.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_whatis_char

Insistence on sameness; resistance to change

Difficulty in expressing needs, using gestures or pointing instead of words

Repeating words or phrases in place of normal, responsive language (echolalia)

Laughing (and/or crying) for no apparent reason showing distress for reasons not apparent to others

Preference to being alone; aloof manner

Tantrums

Difficulty in mixing with others

Not wanting to cuddle or be cuddled

Little or no eye contact

Unresponsive to normal teaching methods

Sustained odd play

Spinning objects

Obsessive attachment to objects

Apparent over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain which ties into Sensory Integration- any of their senses can be over or under sensitive

No real fears of danger

Noticeable physical over-activity or extreme under-activity

Uneven gross/fine motor skills

Non responsive to verbal cues; acts as if deaf, although hearing tests in normal range

Aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior

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It really depends on the individual because autism affects each person differently regardless of what form they have.
Here’s some basic/general things that may help you have a better understanding of autism and how it affects an individual, but again it depends on the individual as how they are affected.

Many have receptive and expressive language disorder so it is best to speak directly to them in plain words and it’s good to speak to them at eye level for example if it is a child.

They interpret language very literally, e.g. If you said ‘that’ll be a piece of cake’ in meaning it will be easy, they would look for the actual piece of cake. Idioms, puns, nuances, double entendres, inference, metaphors, allusions and sarcasm can and will confuse them.

Many have limited vocabulary, sometimes they don’t know what words to use to let someone know they need something or the words in order to describe something which can lead to body language, withdrawal, agitation or other signs that something is wrong.

Many have echolalia, which is saying words or phrases that come from books, people, tv, etc. Over and over again..they may say it but they don’t necessarily understand what they are saying.

Many are very visually oriented, sometimes it is best to show them as well as telling them, and to show them several times, they learn best by consistant repetition. Like for a child a visual schedule helps them through the transistions of their day.

They have trouble with social interactions, most don’t know how to “read” facial expressions, body language or the emotions of others. For a child, structured play activities that have a clear beginning and end are best. Sometimes they don’t know how to start a conversation or enter a play situation.

Many have sensory issues, everyday lights, sounds, odors, tastes, and textures can be very uncomfortable to them and give them a sensory overload; e.g. Certain lights can hurt their eyes, noises can hurt their ears, sweet odors to us can smell awful to them, sweet tasting stuff to us can taste awful to them, something soft to touch can be painful to them to touch. They can also have under sensivity, for example, some have self-injurious behavior, they don’t realize what they are doing should hurt because they can’t feel the pain like we do, or they may be able to tolerate much higher pitched noises than we can because they don’t hear they full volume of the noise as we do.

Meltdowns, blow-ups, tantrums: All their behavior usually a form of communication that they simply don;t know how to communicate as we do. They can occur because one or more of their senses has gone into overload; they are frustrated; etc.. Many things can play into their behavior.

Some must be comfortable around you before they will socialize with you or have contact with you, e.g. When my son began behavioral therapy he didn’t want anything to do with the therapist, didn’t want to be near her or touched by her, after seeing her for a about a month (he seen her 1x a week for a hour) he would socialize with her and would sit on her lap, give her hugs, etc. In a sense, it’s like they have to learn to trust you first.

They usually are very honest and to the point; don’t care about the superficial crap in life and so on.

I also suggest reading a couple of excerpts from books by Ellen Notbohm, one is titled Ten Things Every Child With Autism Wishes You Knew http://graphicpieces.com/autism10thingschild.html , & Ten Things Your Student With Autism Wishes You Knew http://graphicpieces.com/autism10thingsstudent.html , they will give you some basic insight about autism and how it can affect someone and give you a better understanding of autism from their perspective.

I want to state one thing that I don’t feel is totally true, someone stated that people with autism tend to focus on one area, or say excel in one area and yes that is very true in many cases with autism but not with all, some do excel in more areas than one and I say this because my son is one of those who do excel in more than one area.. And some don’t excel in any particular area at all and I feel that is one of the many misunderstandings of autism.

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Teaching Autistic Children Effectively – Some Simple Rules You Can Follow.

Teaching children is always a challenge, but it can be especially difficult when trying to effectively reach an autistic child with a learning disability. But while it is hard, teaching autistic children effectively is not impossible if you follow a few simple tips. It doesn’t matter if you’re a parent who home schools your child or a teacher with an autistic student in class – the following article will offer some helpful tips that you may be able to implement in your next lesson.

One of the most important things to remember is that children who suffer from autism are usually unwilling to accept change in their lives. They tend to fight change vigorously, and so for that reason it is important to have a well-established routine regarding your teaching methods.

If you are a teacher in a classroom, then you undoubtedly already have an established routine. But for a parent who is home schooling, the routine can be harder to establish and keep. Do not modify the schedule if at all possible, whether for convenience or other reasons. Sticking to a set schedule will help meet the expectations of your child, and will help keep an effective learning environment.

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Speaking of learning environments, the one in which you teach an autistic child should be straightforward and simple. Avoid having distracting visual images in the teaching area unless they are relevant to the lesson at hand. As autistic children are easily over-stimulated, these distracting elements will compete with the lesson being taught for the child’s attention.

It also may be a good idea to incorporate multiple modes of delivery into your teaching lessons. It is no secret that some children respond better to certain mediums than others. This is also the case with autistic children, except that these disparities are accentuated. Because of this, it is important to find a mode of delivery that works best of your child. Don’t be surprised if this mode is visual. Sometimes, offering simple illustrations or representative symbols tied to a learning concept can be a great way to reach an autistic child.

You should also give an autistic child enough time and space to process the information you are trying to teach them. This is especially important if they appeared to be frustrated or on the verge of losing patience. Move away from the subject, either by moving to a new one or taking a break. When the child has had ample time to process the information, then you can return to the lesson, likely with much better results. Pushing an autistic child when they become frustrated will simply not work, and should be avoided.

Offering choices is also a good way to stimulate an interactive learning environment with the child. Don’t simply present an answer and ask the child if it is right or wrong. Present a group of answers and ask the child to pick the one they think is best. This will also keep the child feeling in control, and reduce frustration blowouts.

While teaching autistic children can be very difficult, it is not impossible. Employing the aforementioned tips will give you a great start to a successful lesson.
By Rachel Evans. Sign up for a free newsletter about autism and discover more on the signs and symptoms of autism.
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Teaching Autistic Children – How To Teach The Autistic Child

Teaching Autistic Children

Teaching can be a challenging job amid any child, but when the child suffers based on what i read in special needs it can be even a multitude of difficult. Understanding how properties learn and the methods that work highest quality for them is key of course, but as every child learns differently so does every autistic child so this is just recently a general guideline to godsend you teach the autistic child. By being educated on what autism is and how to effectively teach the autistic child you are taking the first step in creating a more warm and welcoming world for your autistic child. Those with autism tend to learn best from visual examples.

Therefore, standing in front of the class lecturing, loses the autistic child. Verbal communication is very limited for many autistic children, as is their understanding of verbal teachings. Including diagrams, flash cards and visual representation can make it much easier for them to comprehend what you are saying. Long sentences easily confuse and lose them, so try to avoid them in your teaching methods. Teaching Autistic Children

A child with autism often has a visual fixation, by discussing with the parents what this is you may be able to incorporate this into the lessons and keep their attention better. If they are obsessed with apples, it is much easier for them to learn math is you are using apples to show how to add and subtract for example.

With a little adjustment and creative thought you can not only help you r autistic student learn better but you may find your other students taking more interest in your lessons as well. Teaching an autistic student, need not be a daunting task. With creativity and a working communication with the parents you may find easy solutions to make a learning environment for all. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Teaching Autistic Children program now!

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Autistic Learning – Learn How To Manage Autism

Autistic Learning

Autism is a developmental disability too makes a large sum of children. It is anticipated that autism crops up in 2-6 children in every 1000 children in the United States. It is a brain disorder and the indicate is not yet known. Autistic Learning

This disorder may differ from mild to extensive social impairment. They hold problem in social skills and expressing emotions. It is essential to decide how to manage autism to make it easier for your child to live with their disorder. Autistic children cannot respond properly to their environment. They have their own isolated world and do not engage in a communication easily or the response is too slow without eye contact. Autistic Learning

However, autistic children can learn and excel using certain teaching methods. Autistic children learn differently from children without autism. Learning how to manage autism with the proper teaching techniques is very helpful in making your child more responsive. You can try different learning programs to find out what will work best for your child. Autistic Learning

Another way to manage autism is through proper nutrition. Taking nutritional supplements is important for people with autism to attain balanced nutritional state affecting their behaviour. You need to implement a gluten and casein free diet because these proteins worsen autism symptoms. Autistic Learning

Consulting your doctor for the proper nutrition for your child is important to know the diet that will have positive and negative effect to your child’s behavior. Making it a routine for your child to have a healthy diet will make it easier for your child to adhere to the diet plan because autistic children are influenced by routines. There are also therapies available to manage autism and help your child cope with this disorder. Autistic Learning

Music therapy like singing, playing musical instruments and acting on the music can help your child develop socialization. Autistic children usually have difficulties with language to communicate and speech therapy is another way to help you manage autism and help your child to use language to communicate. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autistic Learning program now!

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