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Question?: Angry Autistic Child

Lisa asks…

How to handle a child with autism?

I have a little boy that goes to my church that is 5 years old. He has autism. I am asked by his grandmother to watch him ALOT. He always runs away or misbehaves and i have no training in this type of disease. How do you communicate and talk to kids with autism?
As I said in this question, I know NOTHING about autism. I don’t mean to affend in any way

admin answers:

First of all i have a child with autism and its not a disease and as a parent with a child with autism you just offened me its a devlopmetl disabilty please dont put it that way

in my words it would be like 100 pages i found a good list for you

Social management
Behavioural management
Scholastic management

Autism is a communication disorder characterised by a child’s inability to relate to the outside world – physically and emotionally. These children are usually hypersensitive to external environmental stimuli and seem to be withdrawn into an inside world only they have access to. In such a situation, autistic children need special and individualised care from their parents and other caregivers. Here are some guidelines to help deal with an autistic child’s needs.

Social management:

Try to make eye contact with the child.

Organise the child’s environment and daily activities into a routine. Autistic children respond well to routine, which helps them to create order in their world. This could be done by keeping fixed times for food, play and other activities like taking a bath, sleeping, etc.

Provide prior warning of any change in routine – physical or otherwise. For example, if the furniture of the child’s room needs to be moved, the child should be told and allowed to get used to the idea, before the change is made.

Getting angry at the child’s tantrum will not help. In such a case, it is better to allow the child to calm down and then repeat the instructions.

Taking the child to crowded places should be avoided, at least till behavioural therapy has made him more accepting of such outings.

Behavioural management:

Talk to the child in simple and uncomplicated language. Long and subtle sentences should be avoided. For example, instead of saying, “Rahul, would you please come and sit here”, it is better to say, “Rahul, sit here” while pointing to the destination with a finger.

Touch the child often. Though an autistic child will frequently rebuff any effort to touch, research has shown that they begin to respond to touch sooner or later. Instead of making overt efforts to touch the child, a parent should try to make subtle advances like lead the child by holding the arm lightly, or a gentle nudge from behind etc.

The child should be talked to often, rather than waiting for him to initiate conversation. Any effort to talk on the child’s part should be effusely praised. Gradually the child can be encouraged to initiate conversation on his own.

Taking the child’s name every time he is addressed is essential. However, pronouns should be taken care of while talking to him since most autistic children who talk tend to reverse pronouns, using “You” instead of “I” and vice versa. So it may be better to say, “Rahul, YOU can have toast”, rather than “Rahul can have toast”.

It is better to ensure consistency in discipline and demands since autistic children tend to take everything literally. Once a limit or target has been set, it is better to adhere to it at that time. For example, if the time for play has been set for 4 o clock and the parent wants to postpone it, it is better to tell the child, “Rahul we will play at 5”, rather than saying, “We will do that later”.

Scholastic management:

Use visual media as far as possible with background auditory stimuli. For example, while telling a story, the child should preferably be shown a picture book simultaneously. Unlike other children, an autistic child might like to hear the same story everyday providing him with a sense of routine and order.

Give clear, simple and literal tasks to a child to complete and let him finish it before moving on to another activity.

Do not rush the child into keeping pace with others.

The teaching material may be increased in complexity with time.

The child should be encouraged to interact with peers.

Positive reinforcement should be given if the child makes eye contact, speaks, completes an activity or curbs repetitive behaviour. Praise should be effusive. For example., say “Rahul that was excellent. You have done well”, instead of “That was good”.

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Treatments For Your Autistic Child – 5 Methods To Reduce The Impact Of Autism

Once you come to know that your child suffers from autism, you should start on a treatment plan. There are a number of treatments available for autism. Often people worry about using medication that might prove dangerous to the child. But this is not justified. Not all children need medication. Apart from prescription medication, there are a number of other options for treating an autistic child. While some prefer to stick to the standard treatment plan, many others opt for the alternative natural plan. Here are some different treatments for autism.

Medication

In autism, a number of different types of medications are used for treatment. These medicines cover different aspects of autism. There are some medicines that help with the anxiety that many autistic children are prone to, while some medicines help autistic children who have trouble falling asleep. For children suffering from behavioral problems, antipsychotic drugs are used. These medicines do not actually cure the autism and in addition to this certain medicines have very bad side effects. If the child is on medication, he or she needs to be monitored very closely.

Occupational Therapy
This therapy helps the Autistic child learn independence. They are taught daily skills that are needed such as taking a bath, dressing up etc. Their fine motor skills are worked on. Children are also taught how to use devices that are helpful in daily life. Safety measures are also taught whether it be safety inside or outside the home.

Physical Therapy
Physical therapy is one of the most common forms of treatment among autistic children. Children with relatively lower muscle tone gain an immense amount from this therapy. In this the basic motor skills of young children is also dealt with. This includes walking, rolling and standing. Autistic children can suffer from many other health problems. Physical therapy helps solve these problems also.

Behavioral Therapy
This therapy will help teach the autistic child different behaviors that are appropriate. Usually a form of reward system is included. Children learn how to behave in social settings. Usually this therapy is done in the setting of the child’s home only. Parents, too, need to learn how to deal with unwanted behavior from their kids. Generally, the autistic child learns that certain behavior can give him or her, a reward and so consequently the bad behavior stops.

Speech Therapy
Communication is one of the toughest problems that autistic children face. The autistic people do not understand non-verbal cues. There are a few autistic children who do not speak altogether, so they need to be taught how to communicate with other people. They need to learn about body language. Sign language or pictures are often used to help some autistic children who have speech defect. A non verbal child can be taught how to speak by a speech therapist.

These are only very few of the treatment options available to autistic children. All children do not require all the treatments. It is very important to decide on a treatment plan that works well for your child. Autistic children can thrive if they are treated properly and in time.

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