Tag Archives: States Of Mind

Question?: Adhd Symptoms

David asks…

If my little guy start taking meds for ADHD but hi TS tics still remain, what are the options?

Both my son and I have adhd symptoms (he’s diagnosed but I’m not). We both have tics and the people who diagnosed him said that this was just the ADHD but I do not think so. I was not too impulsive as a child yet I had tics, and my boy can call out something or screech even when he is in a relatively calm state (so it is not about regulating states of mind as I am told the cause is).

Any how, I am not getting excited about the prospect of giving him medication as I am not sure it will affect the tics and I wonder If they will be more noticeable then.
For example, he is happy being daft an making silly noises but he finds it easier to play the fool as he doesn’t have to explain outbursts. When he has to be sensible or is feeling sensible and something pops out he smiles and apologizes but in quite a shy way and sometimes looks embarrassed.

I would honestly let him keep being the class clown rather than him feel embarrassed. But are there other options that can work for TS and ADHD together?

admin answers:

I am not in favor of giving children medicine if there is any other options. I too would think that his problem is more likely explained by the TS and yes, the medicines can cause the Tics.

I would go for a second opinion, either from a psychiatrist or neurologists that has a reputation for dealing with children and TS. It may still mean he needs a medication, but maybe there is a more appropriate one.

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Question?: Schizophrenia Test

Carol asks…

Has Thomas Szasz positions on mental illness, particularly Schizophrenia lasted the test of time?

I am fascinated by the work of Thomas Szasz, but as a staunch objectivist I can’t believe in his opinions if current scientific evidence can’t support it. I know that the origins of Schizophrenia are unknown at this point but has anyone read up on research that either supports Szasz or rejects Szasz? I ask this because at this point in my psychological career I’ve become sceptical of the biological origins of such disorders as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, from observation and study I have come to believe that these disorders are more psychologically based rather then biologically based. My opinion is unfounded scientifically but I hope someday to try to find evidence to support or refute my position and that of Szasz. And what better way to start my journey in finding the truth behind the most mysterious of mental illnesses then to ask people on yahoo answers lol.
The person who sites their sources and gives the best evidence based argument gets the best answer. Evidence can be for or against Szasz as long as it is credible. Thanks to all in advance 🙂
Bubbles,

I believe it’s psychologically based because human beings are the only species I’m aware of that exibit naturally occuring psychosis. Sure we can make other animal species psychotic by altering their state of being but in nature psychosis never seems to happen outside of our species. This is why I believe that our complex cognitions and ways of reasoning can lead us to believe in things that are unreal and odd. Many individuals who have their first psychotic episode had recently had some big event occur in their lives(usually negative). I believe that schizophrenics, in a way of coping with the event adopt any belief system to thwart of negative states of mind, even if this means creating delusional fantasy worlds and believing they are the risen Jesus Christ. I believe that it is fundamentally an extremely morbid way of coping with life stressers that to the individual seem insurmountable.

admin answers:

Szasz’s theories are useful in that thought patterns and attitude toward life influence people’s lives, including those with neurologically based mental illnesses such as bipolar and schizophrenia.

Philosophy is interesting, but some more science based education and research on your part are in order if you intend to pursue a career in the psych field.

PubMed is the research repository of the National Institute of Health. You can search on other bipolar/schizo brain structural deficits there. One query:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=pubmed&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=15863740&ordinalpos=6&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum
There also is something in there are on heritability. For example, nearly all bipolars have close family with depression, bipolar, and/or schizophrenia. The current thinking in the field is shifting towards ‘spectrum theory’ since these three illness share a lot in common. (Depression would be defined as major recurrent and/or refractory, not situational.)

As for texts, first get a good intro to Neurology text book such as:
“Neurosciences, Exploring the Brain” by Bear, Connors, and Paradiso.

Then read:
“Manic Depressive Illness” by Goodwin and Jamison

The science has surpassed Szasz. These illnesses are biologically based. Psychology may influence degree of manifestation, but that holds true for any other physical illness.

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Hey, I like that DDD. That makes more sense than schizo. I’d like to see bipolar revert back to manic-depression. There are no two poles when both can and do occur at the same time!

~bipolar.
Only a naive theorist would believe anything w/o the right medication could make this illness go away.

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