Tag Archives: Social Contexts

Question?: What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder

Betty asks…

How will Asperger syndrome and PDD be Diagnosed in the future once the definition is Changed?

I heard that instead of 3 being diagnosed with High Functioning Autism (aspergers syndrome), PDD-NOS and Autistic disorder there will only be one type
but, what if the child have mild symptoms of Autism just like Aspergers, how will they be diagnosed? How will Aspergers syndrome and PDD-NOS be diagnosed differently under the dsm-5 if they have symptoms of an autism Spectrum disorder?

admin answers:

Actually there are currently 5 subtypes…also childhood disintegrative disorder and retts

instead of labeling by subtype–they will just use one label for all groups

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Must meet criteria A, B, C, and D:

A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across contexts, not accounted for by general developmental delays, and manifest by all 3 of the following:

1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity; ranging from abnormal social approach and failure of normal back and forth conversation through reduced sharing of interests, emotions, and affect and response to total lack of initiation of social interaction,

2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction; ranging from poorly integrated- verbal and nonverbal communication, through abnormalities in eye contact and body-language, or deficits in understanding and use of nonverbal communication, to total lack of facial expression or gestures.

3. Deficits in developing and maintaining relationships, appropriate to developmental level (beyond those with caregivers); ranging from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit different social contexts through difficulties in sharing imaginative play and in making friends to an apparent absence of interest in people

B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities as manifested by at least two of the following:

1. Stereotyped or repetitive speech, motor movements, or use of objects; (such as simple motor stereotypies, echolalia, repetitive use of objects, or idiosyncratic phrases).

2. Excessive adherence to routines, ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior, or excessive resistance to change; (such as motoric rituals, insistence on same route or food, repetitive questioning or extreme distress at small changes).

3. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus; (such as strong attachment to or preoccupation with unusual objects, excessively circumscribed or perseverative interests).

4. Hyper-or hypo-reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of environment; (such as apparent indifference to pain/heat/cold, adverse response to specific sounds or textures, excessive smelling or touching of objects, fascination with lights or spinning objects).

C. Symptoms must be present in early childhood (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities)

D. Symptoms together limit and impair everyday functioning.

Aspergers and PDDNOS CAN fit into this definition….instead of listing different types—there will just be one type…they won’t be diagnosed differently.

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Speech For Autism – Effective Communication and Language in the Classroom

Speech For Autism

For many children amidst autistic perception, blabber learning and pragmatic communication in social contexts constitute an horribly difficult development challenge. The respective ability to speak is not always associated providing the appropriate skills to deal successfully in on linguistic resources and providing the awareness of the different levels of communication in handed out situations. These children require a specially structured validation and training. Speech For Autism

Often, the multiple meaning of linguistic terms and the different utilization within variable social interactions can not be fully recognized and applied spontaneously.Moreover, as already stated, with many autistic students reception delays and interruptions repeatedly occur, which stop the respective communication and endanger the necessary reciprocity in social situations with regard to content and personal relationship.

The objectives of a language support class for students with autism are to support the readiness and capacity for communication, the connection with non-verbal communication, the acquisition of the speech and the promotion of speech stereotypes. The communicative understanding by means of verbal and nonverbal signs is primarily facilitated by greatest possible directness in care, clarity of the semantic and syntactic structure, and by prompt-reinforcing feedback and reference. Speech For Autism

The teacher should avoid the use of symbolic or metaphorical language, as the diverse structure of meaning of linguistic terms may not be familiar and therefore impede the understanding in the current social interaction. When talking to the student it is rather essential to create a direct connection to the current communication situation and to concrete actions. Language is always linked to the concrete acts in situations.

The same applies to learning instructions. The reply of calls to action by the student must be patiently waited for. When repeats become necessary the teacher has to use the same words in the same sentence structure with the same linguistic articulation, as changes in the language may suggest changed contexts and goal of actions to the student. In this context it is also important to ensure that all caregivers of the student use the same words given the same objects and situations. Speech For Autism

The teaching of students with autism demands specific requirements with regards to the speech behavior of teachers and also to the teachers personality. Speech happens with a calmly, slightly accented, stressed voice. A dramatizing and therewith symbolizing gesture and facial expression, as well as impulsive verbal utterances and a disturbance of the classroom routine must be avoided. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Speech For Autism program now!

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