Tag Archives: Repetitive Movements

Question?: Schizophrenia Types

Mark asks…

What is the distinguishing factor between catatonic schizophrenia and the other types of schizophrenia?

admin answers:

Catatonic schizophrenia is most defined by the movement or speech of the individual. People with catatonic schizophrenia can vary between two extremes…too much movement or too little. This can manifest as rigid posturing held for hours or even days at a time, or on the opposite extreme it can manifest as too much movement that seemingly has no purpose…such as pacing or other repetitive movements. People with catatonic schizophrenia may also talk very little or talk very fast…or speech may not be affected.

Paranoid schizophrenia is characterized by the prevalence of hallucinations and delusions of persecution. They often believe that there are conspiracies against them or that people are trying to hurt them. Movement and speech problems can still occur but with much less frequency or severity.

Disorganized schizophrenia is characterized by a problem in speech or actions. People with this type may dress in a manner that does not appear to make sense or is bizarre (such as wearing several coats in the summer). Or, their speech may be affected in a manner that causes them to talk in a pattern that is hard to follow or with words that seem to be out of order. They may jump from topic to topic without others being able to find a connection between the topics.

Undifferentiated schizophrenia is diagnosed when people exhibit symptoms common in the other types. For example, being paranoid, having hallucinations, and having very disorganized speech. Or having hallucinations and rigid posturing.

But really the distinguishing factor with catatonic schizophrenia is the pattern of movement…be it too little or too much.

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Treatment

Carol asks…

Pervasive Developmental Disorder…?

What is it??? What are the causes? What does it do? How to get rid of it if you can……


admin answers:

Pervasive developmental disorders cause abnormal development, including social and communication development. The symptoms appear early on – by the age of 3 at least, except in one of the disorders – and last throughout the lifetime. There are five of them: autism, Asperger’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, Rett syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Autism, Asperger’s, and PDD-NOS are called the autism spectrum.

Symptoms of autism include difficulty socializing and communicating with others, delayed speech, lack of eye contact, difficulty interpreting nonverbal signals, intense fixations and interests, repetitive or compulsive movements, poor motor coordination, and abnormal sensory processing. The severity of these symptoms varies considerably. Asperger’s syndrome is a mild and high-functioning form of autism. The symptoms are the same except there is no speech delay. PDD-NOS is when someone has some autistic traits and significant impairment, but does not meet the diagnostic criteria for another PDD. These disorders have a genetic basis, but researchers have not yet uncovered the specifics. Some people believe environmental factors also play a role.

Childhood disintegrative disorder is when a child appears to be developing normally, then suddenly regresses sometime after the age of 3. The cause of this disorder is unknown. Rett syndrome occurrs almost exclusively in females. Infants with this disorder experience regression between 6-18 months of age. Symptoms include lack of speech, seizures, sensory problems, poor motor coordination, growth abnormalities, and repetitive movements. It is caused by a gene mutation on the X chromosome.

None of the PDDs are curable. There are many treatments available, including occupational therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, applied behavior analysis, speech therapy, social skills training, behavior therapy, and certain medications.

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Question?: Autism Signs And Symptoms

Ken asks…

Can someone explain what autism is to me?

What exactly is autism? What are the different types? What are the characteristics of people who do have autism?


admin answers:

Hi there,

Thank you for your query. A picture is worth a thousand words.

Do visit:- http://www.displaysforschools.com/autism.gif

In short, Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-biological condition, the cause of which is not yet fully known. It is generally assumed that autism has complex genetic links combined with environmental triggers. It is a spectrum and people with autism may be mildly or severely affected depending on where in the continuum there conditions lie. Autism has been on epidemic rise, currently affecting 1 in every 166 children. It is generally diagnosed at the age of three.

As for the symptoms, I’ll quote from a contributor named Smart Kat.

“The top three signs of autism are;
1. Social Impairment such as;
a. No eye contact, pointing, or gestures to communicate.
B. Doesn’t show off items. “Look at what I have!” type behaviour, or otherwise share interest or enjoyment with others.

2. Impairments in Communication such as;
a. Delay in, or total lack of speech
b. Or with Asperger’s, marked impairment in the
ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others.

3. Repetitive movements, patterns of behavior & interests such as;
a. Hand-flapping, rocking, etc.
B. Obsessions with objects or parts of objects.
C. Prefers to organize or line up items rather than actually “play” with them.
D. Inflexible adherence to routines & rituals. (My niece will throw a fit if the bus driver doesn’t stop at every normal stop even if the child at that particular stop didn’t come to school that day, therefore doesn’t need to be dropped off.

There is not blood test, brain scan, or genetic testing that can determine if a child is autistic. Observation is necessary.”

There already exist at Y!A a number of posts that contain the exactly the same contents of your own query, however. You may like to check the best responses posted there, too.

Best wishes,
Mother of a child with autism.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In Teenagers

Thomas asks…

I think my 16 year old daughter is austistic. What are the symptoms?

Of autism in a teenager? before I take her to the doctor to get checked out id like to know how to tell if im just bs,ing or its the real deal .

admin answers:


Children with autism generally have problems in three crucial areas of development — social interaction, language and behavior. But because autism symptoms vary greatly, two children with the same diagnosis may act quite differently and have strikingly different skills. In most cases, though, severe autism is marked by a complete inability to communicate or interact with other people.

Some children show signs of autism in early infancy. Other children may develop normally for the first few months or years of life but then suddenly become withdrawn, become aggressive or lose language skills they’ve already acquired. Though each child with autism is likely to have a unique pattern of behavior, these are some common autism symptoms:

Social skills

Fails to respond to his or her name
Has poor eye contact
Appears not to hear you at times
Resists cuddling and holding
Appears unaware of others’ feelings
Seems to prefer playing alone — retreats into his or her “own world”


Starts talking later than age 2, and has other developmental delays by 30 months
Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences
Doesn’t make eye contact when making requests
Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm — may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
Can’t start a conversation or keep one going
May repeat words or phrases verbatim, but doesn’t understand how to use them


Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping
Develops specific routines or rituals
Becomes disturbed at the slightest change in routines or rituals
Moves constantly
May be fascinated by parts of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car
May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and touch and yet oblivious to pain

Young children with autism also have a hard time sharing experiences with others. When read to, for example, they’re unlikely to point at pictures in the book. This early-developing social skill is crucial to later language and social development.

As they mature, some children with autism become more engaged with others and show less marked disturbances in behavior. Some, usually those with the least severe problems, eventually may lead normal or near-normal lives. Others, however, continue to have difficulty with language or social skills, and the adolescent years can mean a worsening of behavioral problems.

Most children with autism are slow to gain new knowledge or skills, and some have signs of lower than normal intelligence. Other children with autism have normal to high intelligence. These children learn quickly yet have trouble communicating, applying what they know in everyday life and adjusting in social situations. A small number of children with autism are “autistic savants” and have exceptional skills in a specific area, such as art, math or music.

God bless u and all your family

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Experimental Drug Reduces Autism Symptoms In Mice

Editor’s Choice
Academic Journal
Main Category: Autism
Article Date: 25 Apr 2012 – 15:00 PDT

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An experimental medication was found to reduce autism symptoms in mice, resulting in improved social skills and fewer repetitive behaviors, researchers from the NIH (National Institutes of Health) reported. The study has been published in Science Translational Medicine. The authors explained that so far, no cure has been found for ASPs (autism spectrum disorders).

The experimental drug is currently called GRN-529, and has been developed by pharmaceutical giant, Pfizer.

The researchers stressed that although the results of the animal trial show promise, therapies which work on animals do not necessarily do the same with humans.

It is thought that approximately 1% of children suffer from some kind of ASD, ranging from mild to severe. Signs and symptoms may include delayed language skills, repetitive movements, social difficulties, obsessions, high anxiety, and an extremely strong desire for routine and structure.

Until recently, autism was thought to be hardwired into the brain – put simply: the autistic brain is like that from birth, and nothing can be done (physically) about it. However, recent studies have shown that certain genetic faults affect how brain cells communicate with one another at synapses, the gaps between brain cells.

The mice in this experiment, rather than having autism, had autistic behaviors. They were much less sociable than the other mice, and communicated less. The mice with autistic traits also spend a long time grooming themselves with repetitive movements.

After they were injected with the experimental drug, the animals spent much less time grooming themselves, and became much more sociable.

What this experiment does show, the researchers explained, is that perhaps drugs could eventually be used for the treatment of autism itself. Researcher, Dr Jacqueline Crawley, said (in a BBC interview:

“Given the high costs – monetary and emotional – to families, schools and health care systems, we are hopeful that this line of studies may help meet the need for medications that treat core symptoms.”

Swiss companies, Novartis and Roch are testing similar experimental medications for humans with fragile X syndrome. About 1 in every 3 people with fragile X syndrome meet the diagnostics criteria for autism.

Written by Christian Nordqvist
Copyright: Medical News Today
Not to be reproduced without permission of Medical News Today

Visit our autism section for the latest news on this subject. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:


Christian Nordqvist. “Experimental Drug Reduces Autism Symptoms In Mice.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 25 Apr. 2012. Web.
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posted by Dr. Dave on 25 Apr 2012 at 4:34 pm

How can anyone take this kind of thing seriously. I am a Pediatrician in private practice for 36 years. We have never during my career been able to agree on a definition for autism or even who is and who isn’t autistic. How is this for a quote: “therapies which work on animals do not necessarily do the same with humans.” That would especially true for something as complex and subtle as autism. It’s a little hard for me to picture autistic mice. These researchers new to check their egos at the door and get a grip on reality.

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posted by Don on 26 Apr 2012 at 5:53 am

At least it’s a start. Certainly a lot more than most pediatricians are doing to help children afflicted with this.

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posted by Ellen on 26 Apr 2012 at 1:12 pm

Creating mice that have “behavior problems” and then administering a substance that alters the behavior COULD be a step forward in autism research IF there was an established biological connection between the laboratory mice and individuals with autism. Without this connection, studies of this nature are a total waste of time, money and resources. I am also the parent of a child with autism and I don’t believe studies of this nature do anything but send researchers down blind alleys.

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posted by Becky SU on 26 Apr 2012 at 7:05 pm

While you may not be able to imagine how autism might manifest itself in rodents, I am glad that someone is at least looking into this. If you can not define autism, please refer to DSM-IV before seeing additional patients. While the scope and definition of autism spectrum disorders continues to evolve, there is an official definition. Since so many of the symptoms of autism manifest themselves in obvious physical manners, I am surprised that you don’t feel astute enough to be able to observe those symptoms. Repetitive behaviors, unusual social interactions with peers and impaired social communication can undoubtedly be observed in most species by those trained in the species’ typical and abberant behaviors.

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posted by iris on 27 Apr 2012 at 7:49 am

Medical school does not teach you the patience and dedication that is required for autistic “patients”

When you have sat for countless hours to encourage a autistic child just to say the word “doctor” maybe then you will truly understand the meaning of your practice.

Put your money where your mouse is.

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‘Experimental Drug Reduces Autism Symptoms In Mice’

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Categories of Autism Signs

Autism is a common psychological condition and neurological development disorder that typically affects a child’s social communication and interaction skills as well as being characterized by repetitive or restrictive behavior. Autism alters or changes how the nerve cell synapses connect and organize, therefore affecting the information processing capabilities of the brain. Unfortunately, Autism research still has not discovered how and why this occurs.

Autism signs will typically manifest themselves in three critical areas of an individual’s development – behavioral, lingual, and social. Interestingly enough, no two children are alike when it comes to actions and skill levels even when they are diagnosed with the same type of Autism. Though the real reasons is still not obvious how children with the same level of autism display different characterized behavior pattern but symptoms and autism signs differ. Maybe the family patterns of behavior, genetic factors and environmental issues lead to the differences. However, research is being conducted to know more about the inner working of an autistic individual.

Although the different patterns of behavior are broadly similar, they can be put together under three main headings of autism signs of behavior, development milestones and social patterns of behavior. Autistic children seem to be easily disturbed by the slightest change of their normal routine, tend to flap hands, rocking, spinning, and other repetitive movements, light, sound, and touch sensitivities despite seeming nearly oblivious to pain and are extremely restless.

Autistic signs are apparent in the emotional development of the children. Developmental milestones are delayed up to 2½ years. Most of these children do not start talking or make eye contact until 2 years of age. They have no concept of a conversation. Most of them repeat phrases and words without understanding their meaning. Robot-like speech or a sing-song voice when communicating is noticed. Sometimes children regress and there is noticeable loss of previously acquired abilities such as saying certain words or speaking in complete sentences.

However there are social signs and aspect which are visible such as appearing to be unaware of other children’s or another individual’s feelings, poor eye contact, resisting any form of affection such as cuddling, and hugs are not particularly enjoyed. They prefer to play by themselves.

However, most of these Autism signs are common ones that you want to look for if you suspect that your child is suffering with the disorder. The more severe cases involve the complete inability to communicate or interact with other individuals. Additionally, some signs appear as early as infancy, but in other children who appear to be normal during the first few months of their lives, suddenly change without warning.

Autism signs will typically appear between the time the child has reached the age of 18 months up until they reach three years of age. Additionally, there are two other forms of the disorder in the Autism spectrum, specifically Asperger syndrome and PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified). The bottom line is that the genetics of Autism are extremely complex.

Though there is no cure of autism, research aspects are going on to find a cure but as most of the issues are genetic, the race is on. Children receiving the treatment and behavioral therapy early in life are finding a better chance of being rehabilitated.

For the latest videos and training information on child development as well as books and curricula on Autism please visit childdevelopmentmedia.com.

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Early Possible Symptoms Of Autism

Early possible symptoms could include: not making eye contact with parents, not cooing or babbling, not responding when you play the peek-a-boo game with them and not smiling when parents smile at them. These, of course, are the very early symptoms of Autism. It is important to note that there could be other reasons for a developmental delay or they could be just a little behind at this stage but will catch up over time.

Children with autism are usually diagnosed at around the age of three or before. Sometimes, it the signs and symptoms of autism can go unnoticed by the parents if they are not very obvious. High functioning autism types like Asperger is one of those autism types that do not show signs that are very obvious. Other than that, the classic autism symptoms are rather apparent. Regardless of which type of autism the child has, there are some ways to pick up these signs and symptoms of autism. Parents should be more informed about autism to know how to diagnose it as early as possible.

Remember that no one single thing alone means autism. Autism is notable by a pattern of symptoms rather than any one single symptom. The main features of autism are impairments in communication, restricted interests with repetitive behaviour as well as social interaction difficulties.


Communicative Symptoms: Children displaying signs of mild Autism may use a lot of repetitive language and repetitive movements. They may commonly be obsessed or fixated with waving things in front of their faces or they may be obsessed with their hands in general. If children become fixated with certain objects, and they prefer these objects to people, then parents should be concerned.

Symptoms of autism are normally seen in a kid when he or she is between a year and half to 3 years old. Other, more benign symptoms may even be noticeable amid the first few months of a child’s life. Parents need to be their child’s cheerleader in this instance, and always monitor their developmental growth as the reach certain age related milestones. If a parent or a health care provider can distinctly see symptoms of autism in a child on or before their first birthday, then the child can get early treatment to minimize the devastating affects of this disorder.

Many early symptoms of autism are behavioral. For example, a baby can either appear to be hyperactive or destructive. In some cases a child may be both. Similarly, a child with autism may also self-harm by throwing a tantrum for no apparent reason at all. This could include biting him or herself, banging limbs and the head against the floor or their bed, and may even try to scratch or bite you. As autistic children often have less sensitivity to pain, this is more painful for the parent than the child. Finally, another of the early symptoms of autism is that the child cannot interact with others. That may include other children, in which case they often play on their own.

However, autism is one of a range of similar diseases that constitute the autism spectrum disorders. They are referred to, professionally, as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs), and they are about five in number, autism or classic autistic disorder being one of them. The others are Rett’s syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), Asperger’s syndrome, and Childhood Developmental Disorder (CDD).
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Children With Autism – The Top 10 Signs of Autism

Children With Autism

The up to date rise in publicity is bringing about more people to become aware of Autism and to wonder if this child may be Autistic. No one wants to imagine somewhat is able to be wrong with this child. But afterward they see a shock story or hear someone speaking about a child that has Autism and they commence to imagine that their own child may have signs of Autism. The characteristics of Autism are many and they differ in each child. Even if you see some Autism symptoms in your child it does not mean they are Autistic.

There are many medical conditions that have the same warning signs. Some children may be slower in their developmental milestones. Remember that each child develops at their own tempo and just because your child is not talking by the time they are twelve-months-old does not mean they have Autism. If you worry about your child’s progress speak to their Pediatrician.

Only they can tell you if further testing should be considered. Many parents try to self diagnose their children. This can be a huge blunder. It takes a number of qualified medical specialists to diagnose Autism signs in a child. This Autism symptoms checklist cannot be done with one appointment, with one pediatrician. You will need a team of professionals evaluating your child. Remember, the earlier you have your child assessed the greater the chances of treatment helping the child. Children With Autism

Finding out if your child is Autistic can take time. It can be a life changing occurrence for both you and your child. Only when you find out if your child is Autistic can you begin the recommended course of action or continuing to see what is causing your child’s problems if it is not Autism. Signs of Autism that your child may need further evaluation include:

1. No eye contact 2. No communication at all; sounds or words. 3. No show of emotions. 4. Does not pretend play. 5. Use of repetitive movements. 6. If they show a hard time with schedule changes. 7. Do not respond to you when you are speaking to them; either with looks or words. 8. Doing things over and over again. 9. Loss of skills they knew. 10. An attachment to a certain food, or smell.

These are sensory problems. If you notice these signs in your child speak to your Pediatrician about them. Receiving a proper diagnosis and treatment plan are very important. But again; do not worry over every little thing. Remember, some children just take a little longer to reach their milestones. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Children With Autism program now!

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Autism Causes – Causes of Autism

Autism Causes

Before looking into the signs of autism, previous it is sizeable to can appreciate the causes. If you are a parent of a child with autism, remember it isn’t your fault. One in 50 children are born with autism, so it isn’t as rare as some those may think. Although there are a large number of regular reports of what the causes of autism are, many are nevertheless inconclusive, and more studies suffer to be done. Autism Causes

It certainly isn’t as of bad parenting, and there are some hints that it is a genetically inherited problem, though this still has some speculation. It is known such a if you experience a child in autism, there is a probability you may suffer an additional autistic child, but do not let the present deter you of having a family.

Usually the signs of autism start early in childhood, and start before the age of three years old. While each child may exhibit different signs there are three areas of development where they are most effected, language, behavior, and social interaction. If your child has difficulty looking you in the eye, doesn’t respond to their name, or even seems like they don’t hear you, this is definitely some of the signs. If they start talking later than they should, are unaware of how their actions effect others, or even look like they don’t care, these too are signs to watch for.

Some other signs of autism to watch out for are repeating movements like spinning around, rocking back and forth all the time, or other repetitive movements. If your child child has sensitivity to sounds, lights, or touch but seems otherwise oblivious to pain, like not being affected when they touch something hot, this is one of the signs to watch out for. Any of these can be extremely severe, or rather mild, but if they are showing any of these signs, get them in to be tested right away. The earlier they are diagnosed, the earlier they can get help. Autism Causes

Just as there are many signs of autism, there are many ways you can help your autistic child cope with everyday life. Praise them often, it reinforces good behaviors. Teach them things by doing it with them, showing them how, even if it is something menial like brushing their teeth or eating with a fork and knife. As they get older, use visual reminders to help them keep on task. Autism Causes

Put up pictures of getting dressed. Show them with just their underwear then the next picture can be of them with a shirt on, until they are full clothed. Put a list of daily activities that need to be done for them to look at and go by, this will help them maintain a routine. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Causes program now!

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How To Cope With Aspergers – Parenting Aspergers

Asperger’s syndrome is within the autism spectrum. It affects a child or a person to communicate effectively and to socialize with other people. Special attention is needed in this syndrome. It requires much understanding from people who surrounds a person with this syndrome most especially parents, family, friends and teachers.

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More institutions and organizations are willing to help out people afflicted with this syndrome. The goal of these therapies and treatments are to manage emotions, behaviors and how to live a near normal life. In order to help a child or a person with this syndrome, here are some things which can help in how to cope with Aspergers:

1) Get a good amount of knowledge. Learn more about the syndrome. Educate yourself as much as possible. 2) Know where to get these information from. This can be from your child’s physician, organizations, materials and other institutions that can help you achieve what you want. 3) Since children with Aspregers cope well and do repetitive movements, teach your child on how to do things, daily activities independently, catch their attention with colorful visual aids.

To continue. 4) Avoid confusion and distractions to your child. 5) Understand a child at the level of their understanding. 6) Form a bond with your child. The more you are with your child the more you will be able to understand his or her world. 7) Let him or her feel loved without giving in to his or her tantrums. 8) They can be emotionally draining but if you let them understand it is wrong, in time their emotions can be controlled.

Helping your child on how to cope with Aspergers have a great impact on your life. For you as a parent has a huge responsibility to fill in. Taking care of a child with Aspergers requires much dedication, patience and understanding. You must let go and love your child as a person. No one else will be able to help your child better than you can do. Always be hopeful and never ever give up on your child.

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This author writes about Parenting Aspergers and Parenting A Child With Aspergers.
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