Tag Archives: Pervasive Development Disorder

Question?: Asperger Syndrome Symptoms

David asks…

is it possible borderline personality could exhibit similar symptoms to aspergers syndrome ?

or is aspergers syndrome a different disorder all together ?

would you be able to easily tell if you had aspergers ?

admin answers:

The symptoms for Asperger syndrome and any other autistic spectrum disorder are similar to borderline personality disorders but a professional clinical psychologist would be easily able to tell the difference. Asperger syndrome is a pervasive development disorder so you are born with it and will have it for the rest of your life. It is classified by the triad of impairments, difficulties with social interaction, imagination and communication. You would need a specialist or a psychologist to diagnose you with having Asperger syndrome.

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Question?: Pdd

Carol asks…

What can you tell me about PDD: Pervasive Development Disorder? Especially the higher functioning end?

My son was a new preliminary diagnosis of PDD. They say that he is on the higher functioning end of the Autism Spectrum. What can you tell me about high functioning autism… and PDD?

admin answers:

I’d recommend researching some of the sources below, there is much available the biggest obstacle at times is weeding through all the information and identifying what is a reliable source. One must keep in mind that just because something is posted on the web it doesn’t make it right.

Also, if you want to investigate other syndromes that may mimic PDD-NOS don’t do so on a site not directly related to the condition. For example, don’t look for Information on Angelman Syndrome or Fragile X on an autism site – more often than not you’ll find the information inaccurate or out-of-date. On the other hand, I’ve also found information on reputable sites that aren’t always right (depends on the type of expert who writes the material). Your best bet is to seek out sites that are dedicated to specific conditions.

High-functioning will have a different meaning for each of us, and it will depend on the age of our children, how long we’ve had the diagnosis, our knowledge, our expectations.

Best advice I could give you is don’t get hung up on a label or a description of functioning. Every child is different, they each will have different strengths, recognize your child’s strengths and weaknesses and do everything you can to build on them.
I’ve included

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Question?: Pdd Symptoms

Lisa asks…

where do I find information about adult autism?

I am 33 yrs old. My entire adult experience can be characterized by my involvement in alternative healing. My interests started in an attempt to try to heal myself. I have some behavoirs and patterns in my life and other things about me and my life that have been more challenging for me than for others. It has been unclear to me why things in my life are challenging in the ways that they are. Several years ago I saw a woman on Oprah that gave her testimony about learning as an adult that she was autistic. Her sympsoms were the same symptoms that I suffer from. I think that I may be autistic. I have research autism on the internet. Most information that I have come across about the subject is focussed on children. I need information about adults that are diagnosed in adulthood with autism.

admin answers:

Autism is a psychiatric term and the diagnosis is the same whether you are an adult or child. If you fit the criteria then you are diagnosed as such. I am lucky my son got diagnosed at age 2. People who were not diagnosed as a kid, have to go through the same criteria- a professional to diagnosed you. You may be on the spectrum of the umbrella called PDD which is a Pervasive Development Disorder that branches off Autism and Asperger (which many people call High Functioning Autism. Most kids who are able to cope in society and function at your level (if you are) are considered Asperger or PDD NOS which is you have Autism characteristics but undetermined. Try the istes listed below and if you want to talk more connect to me at Yahoo360. Good Luck!

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The Psychiatrist and Your Child With Autism Spectrum Disorders

If you have a child with an intellectual disability such as Autism, Aspergers Syndrome, or Pervasive Development Disorder then chances are you have a psychiatrist in your life. They are responsible for putting mood altering substances into your child. Often times this is very necessary, and is done for good reason. The problem that occurs is that often times the psychiatrist is making their determination based on ten to fifteen minutes of face time. With fewer and fewer providers accepting Medicaid, it is just a fact of life that they are stretched so thin. They are the experts when it comes to pharmacology, but you are the expert when it comes to your child.

Here are a few things to remember when you are going to see the psychiatrist. The first thing that is inevitably going to happen is that they are going to talk to you rather than your child. They may talk briefly to your child, but 90% of their determination of treatment will come from what you have to say. You should be prepared for this ahead of time. Write down your concerns. Possibly in short bullet points and give it to the doctor when you walk into their office. You want these issues thought out ahead of time for two reasons. The first is that you want plenty of time to think about these before you get into the office. You don’t want to say “Oh he seems agitated lately”, only to think about it later and realize he hasn’t been sleeping well. He could be agitated because he hasn’t been sleeping. The doctor may prescribe a med to control the agitation, that doesn’t address the sleeping. You want the time to think thing through. The second reason is that you want all of your concerns addressed. If you hand the doctor a short concise bullet pointed note, then you have a much better chance of succeeding in this. Don’t make it long and drawn out. Remember the psychiatrist is well intentioned and wants the best for your child, but is limited on time.

The last thing you should do before you leave the psychiatrist’s office is ask them how they would prefer you communicate with them in between visits. I have found that a lot of doctors would appreciate a short email from time to time. Emphasis on the word short. The psychiatrist is a part of your child’s team, but they are often the outsider. Find out from them how, and how much they would like to be informed on your child.

These tips will take you a long way when it comes to your visits with the psychiatrist. Everyone wants whats best for your child, you just have to assert a little. To ensure that your child gets the best care possible.

More information and resources about Autism Spectrum Disorders can be found at my website http://www.autismspectrumresources.blogspot.com/.

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Learn How to Cope With Autism Symptoms

This article will define in detail, the now widely observed disease autism. To cure any disease, you need to know in the first place what it is. Hence this article will begin by defining what is autism? Autism is a disorder, of the neurons and is identified by deteriorating and impaired communication skills and interaction in the social environment. People suffering from autism show repetitive behavior that restricts their ability to learn new behavioral characteristics. The signs of autism can start showing as early as three years old, so autism is not a disease of the elderly or of the infants since it can develop even in the earliest or the latest stages of life. How does this particular neural disease develop? Autism is caused by dysfunctional information gathering, processing and organizing of information by synapses and nerve cells in the brain. In medical terms there are three types of autism disorders that fall under the spectrum of autistic diseases. These include autism, Asperger syndrome and lastly pervasive development disorder. In the Asperger syndrome, the patient shows stunted cognitive and language development and the Pervasive development disorder is diagnosed when the signs and symptoms of autism and Asperger are not met.

The basis of autism isn’t clear, however, it is mostly considered to be a disease of the genes. Some believe that it is caused by rare mutations while others believe it to be a cause of irregular combinations of genetic variants. In other conditions, autism is also caused by birth defects. Coming onto the signs of autism, there are numerous characteristics which depict this particular neural disease. These include stunted social development, communication problems, repetitive and restricted behavior, prohibited motor skills and odd eating behaviors.

Now before providing treatment for autism and diagnosis, any particular disease needs to be screened first. In the case of autism, most people notice odd behavior as early as 16 months to 24 months. There are certain signs that can be most commonly used to diagnose this particular problem. These include the inability to speak or babble up till twelve months, no pointing or motor skills up till twelve months, no language usage and loss of communication and language skills. There are numerous checklists present to further help screen this particular disease which include Checklist for Autism, First Year Inventory and Early screening of Autism. These different checklists are used for prognosis and screening, where different variables are checked and tested against a patient.

Now coming on to the prognosis and treatment of autism, talking about a full-recovery treatment, there is no such thing. So autism cannot be cured permanently since it is a disease of the neurons; medical specialists seldom finds cures to diseases related to the brain. Recovery has said to happen itself, in rare cases as developments are seen as the child grows up and is given special attention regarding development of motor and language skills. Furthermore, such children are usually provided special social interaction training where they are made to feel more comfortable in external environment. Intensive help and care can aid a child to cope up with this particular neural disease.

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Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism is a neurological development disorder that occurs in early childhood which leads to defective verbal and non-verbal communication. Such children may refrain from social interaction. They may also have difficulties in expressing themselves. The symptoms can be observed in first three years of age. There are 2 persons behind 10,000 people who are affected with autism. The number of males affected with autism is 3 to 4 times more than females.

Not two children show exactly same signs of autism. So there is range described for autism also called as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) which categorizes the same. Let us see some major spectra below.

The first one in spectrum is called Autism. Here child fails to interact effectively with the people, lack in developing relationships, sharing thoughts, empathizing with others etc. You can isolate an autistic person from others by the typical signs such as their stereotypic movements, restricted and repeated use of words while speaking. An autistic child may look like a normal child but its behavior is different in comparison with others. Persons affected with autism may not like the changes in their daily activities and are obsessed some activities. Autism may last with the person forever.

Another spectrum is Asperger’s syndrome, the name given after Hans Asperger, who described the distinctive behavioral patterns of children, in 1944. The typically observed characteristics in this syndrome are abnormal and delayed responses in the child. For example, the child may not respond immediately if you call by its name. One may need to call him/her several times. Some may also lack in language development skills. The child may carry some symptoms of autism also but are less severe than autism. The Asperger’s patients are usually diagnosed in the age between 5 to 9 years. The syndrome can be cured over period of time.

The third one in the list is Pervasive Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) which carries some features specified in autism but some of them are severe and others are not. These people are very close to their parents. The child especially lacks in communication and social skills. The child has limited interests.

One more important category is Rett Syndrome found only in girls characterized by developmental disorders in using language and defect in using hands purposefully.

Even though autism patients behave differently, they show some great qualities. These people may have normal or very high I.Q. The cognitive skills may develop fast in such kids while lacking in language development skills. In fact, some skills they may learn faster than other children. The good thing about them is that they do not carry any lies most of the times but the problem is that they may trust on anybody around them.

There are no medicines, injections or pills available to cure autism. Some pills are available which help to decrease anxiety or depression but they are not curative measures. However, an autistic person can be helped providing different therapies, like speech therapy. Picture presentation, pointing towards the things can help such people to understand better. One may use sign language for better understanding. With the support of parents, doctors, therapists, teachers an autistic person can be live a normal life others.

Disclaimer: The article does not promote any treatment or therapy for autism. One should consult doctor before using any kind of pills. There is lot more information available than described above. The article contains only primary guidelines to help people to know about the syndrome.

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Possible Association Between Some Work Exposures And Autism Risk For Offspring

Main Category: Autism
Also Included In: Pregnancy / Obstetrics;  Public Health
Article Date: 14 Mar 2012 – 0:00 PDT

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Could parental exposure to solvents at work be linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their children? According to an exploratory study by Erin McCanlies, a research epidemiologist from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and colleagues, such exposures could play a role, but more research would be needed to confirm an association. Their pilot study is published online in Springer’s Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

The experts’ assessment indicated that exposures to lacquer, varnish and xylene occurred more often in the parents of children with ASD compared to the parents of unaffected children. Parents of children with ASD were also more likely to report exposures to asphalt and solvents, compared to parents of unaffected children. All of these exposures fall into the broader category of solvents, or solvent-containing products.

Autism spectrum disorder is a group of developmental conditions including full syndrome autism, Asperger’s syndrome and pervasive development disorder. The origins of the disease are still unclear. ASD is characterized, among other things, by a number of brain abnormalities, which may be partly caused by genetic factors, but could also be the result of environmental or parental occupational exposures, according to earlier studies. These exposures have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and other neurodevelopmental conditions in children.

The NIOSH researchers and colleagues used data from the Childhood Autism Risk from Genetics and the Environment (CHARGE) study at the UC Davis MIND Institute in Sacramento, CA. They carried out exploratory analyses to evaluate whether parents’ exposure to chemicals at work may be associated with ASD in their children in a sample of 174 families – 93 children with ASD and 81 with typical development. Both parents took part in phone interviews, to assess exposures during three months prior to pregnancy, during the pregnancy, and up to either birth, or weaning if their child was breastfed. In addition, industrial hygienists independently assessed the parents’ exposure levels for their particular job. Dr. McCanlies comments, “Overall, these results add to the mounting evidence that individual exposures may be important in the development of ASD. However, these results are preliminary and are not conclusive. Additional research is required to confirm and extend these initial findings.”

The researchers described the study as “a first pass screen from which results can be used to target future research directions and should therefore not be taken as conclusive.” Further understanding will continue to come through studies that employ larger sample sizes and that investigate interactions between workplace exposures and genetic factors.

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our autism section for the latest news on this subject. McCanlies EC et al (2012). Parental occupational exposures and autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. DOI 10.1007/s10803-012-1468-1
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Pervasive Development Disorder – Some Things About The Pervasive Development Disorders

Pervasive Development Disorder

The pervasive development disorders are a group of conditions, containing: autism, Asperger’s syndrome, Rett’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified. Children in on autism have problems in communicating and relating to a larger number of people, properties have problems in the imagination and with the understanding of reality. Pervasive Development Disorder

In the majority of cases, there can seem a little degree of mental retardation. The children with Asperger’s syndrome have average or above average intelligence, they develop normally in the areas of language and cognition, but they have problems with social interaction and communication, a narrow range of interests and often have difficulty concentrating and poor coordination. Pervasive Development Disorder

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The children with Rett’s syndrome have the symptoms mentioned before, but the also suffer the loss of many motor or movement skills. This condition affects usually girls, because it is linked to a defect on the X chromosome. Childhood disintegrative disorder is a rare condition and children affected by it begin their development normally, but between the age of 2-10 many of the developed skills will be lost. Those affected by this illness may lose control of other functions, including bowel and bladder control. Pervasive Development Disorder

Pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified refers to children that are too social to be considered autistic, but they still have some difficulty interacting with others, communicating and playing. Children with pervasive development disorders can develop a lot of symptoms and the severity of them depends from case to case. Pervasive Development Disorder

Some general symptoms include difficulty with social interaction, understanding the reality, with verbal communication, problems using and understanding language, repetitive body movements or patterns of behavior. There can also be mentioned difficulty sleeping, aggressive behavior, and nervousness. The cause of these illnesses is not known yet, but researchers are working on it. Pervasive Development Disorder

However, there were studies that suggested that these illnesses are caused by a problem with the nervous system, and there are studies in progress that are examining the structure and function of the brain in people with autism, to find out clues that will lead to a better understanding of these illnesses. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Pervasive Development Disorder program now!

Feeling lost without solutions? Pervasive Development Disorder is a proven Autism Solution for your Child.

Try The Program and change child’s life forever!
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Types Of Autism Revealed

The term “autism” is a generalized term which falls inside a larger medical category oftentimes called “the 5 Pervasive Development Disorders”. Autism is the most common type of development disorder and can appear in a range of  types and severity of condition. This has led to the term “Autism Spectrum Disorder” which can be often used to identify and discuss the differing types of autism. What this implies is that someone diagnosed as having autism will have one of several different types of autism which have features that are comparable in some respects and different in others.

Inside the Autism Spectrum Disorder there exists four subcategories of autism which are Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified or “PDD-NOS”. Seeing as each of these are types of autism they all share some general autism traits.

It is generally acknowledged that autism is related to the brain or what some are now calling “mindblindness”. At some point between birth and the first two-and-a-half years of age there’s a serious development problem inside the brain that prevents parts of the brain from functioning as one. As the child gets older they find it more and more difficult to communicate and connect to other people around them in what we deem a normal and socially acceptable manner. Dependant upon how bad the brain disorder was early on in life will determine how serious the type of autism is when the child becomes older.

What we have discussed thus far has told us that all types of autism are linked to a condition within the brain. Now we will look at how each of the types of autism are different.

1. Asperger Syndrome (AS)

indicated by impaired speech and communication skills
restrictive patterns in the manner the individual behaves and thinks

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Children with Asperger Syndrome often exhibit very obsessive behavior towards a single subject or topic and refuse to focus on anything else. This makes it very difficult for them to socialize with others, especially their peer group and they find it hard to talk and interact normally. Also very common is delayed learning when it comes to motor skills like riding a bike, being able to catch a ball or even climbing on playground equipment. The child is usually thought of as being clumsy and inept.

2. Rett Syndrome

symptoms tend to be noticed earlier on in a child’s life than other types of autism
generally is encountered only in girls and unexpectedly begins to surface some six to eighteen months after a normal infant development pattern

A baby with Rett Syndrome exhibits a slow down or oftentimes even a loss of customary development skills that were already developed before Rett Syndrome. Added signs of this infant disorder may include problems learning to walk, increased delay in learning basic motor skills and often there is a lessening in skull growth rate.

3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)

less common type of autism
occurs later than other types of autism, not until around age 3 or four
frequently a dramatic loss of social, communication and other kinds of skills

A child afflicted with CDD generally has demonstrated normal development well beyond that phase where other types of autism may become evident. Everything appears fine, until unexpectedly around the ages of 3 or 4 the child in a short time begins to have difficulty speaking normally, doing social activities with others and begins to fall behind in normal skill development for their age group. In very severe cases this may even lead to mental retardation.

4. Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

generally the mildest type of autism and is usually diagnosed around 4 years old
core features are problems with social interaction and communication

A child with PDD-NOS enjoys the company of other people but has a difficult time reacting appropriately and making genuine connections with their friends. For example they find it difficult to relate to the feelings of others, and as such would not know how to appriopriately react if someone is laughing or crying. Areas of difficulty with respect to communicating with other people include a restricted vocabulary, repetitive language, narrow interests and poor nonverbal communication.

As you can see the definition of autism just isn’t so simple as many people presume it to be. Differing autism features have given rise to a number of different types of autism that will impinge on children and adults in a wide range of ways, often depending upon how severe the condition is for that person.

It is extremely important to understand that the above facts about autism, together with the types of autism discussed, are merely general guidelines and are in no way intended to be a medical diagnosis. If you believe that your son or daughter may have autism, then please seek out medical advice from a physician.

Take action now to find out more about what is autism disorder and learn to help your child and yourself as a concerned parent or an adult dealing with autism. Visit our website now to learn more about the types of autism and much more. Articles on autism, videos and links to other resources including books on autism. Let us help you as we have already helped hundreds of other concerned parents with autistic children as well as adults with autism .
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Some Things About the Pervasive Development Disorders

The pervasive development disorders are a group of conditions, containing: autism, Asperger’s syndrome, Rett’s syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified.

Children with autism have problems in communicating and relating to other people, they have problems with the imagination and with the understanding of reality. In many cases, there can appear some degree of mental retardation.

The children with Asperger’s syndrome have average or above average intelligence, they develop normally in the areas of language and cognition, but they have problems with social interaction and communication, a narrow range of interests and often have difficulty concentrating and poor coordination.

The children with Rett’s syndrome have the symptoms mentioned before, but the also suffer the loss of many motor or movement skills. This condition affects usually girls, because it is linked to a defect on the X chromosome.

Childhood disintegrative disorder is a rare condition and children affected by it begin their development normally, but between the age of 2-10 many of the developed skills will be lost. Those affected by this illness may lose control of other functions, including bowel and bladder control.

Pervasive development disorder not otherwise specified refers to children that are too social to be considered autistic, but they still have some difficulty interacting with others, communicating and playing.

Children with pervasive development disorders can develop a lot of symptoms and the severity of them depends from case to case. Some general symptoms include difficulty with social interaction, understanding the reality, with verbal communication, problems using and understanding language, repetitive body movements or patterns of behavior. There can also be mentioned difficulty sleeping, aggressive behavior, and nervousness.

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The cause of these illnesses is not known yet, but researchers are working on it. However, there were studies that suggested that these illnesses are caused by a problem with the nervous system, and there are studies in progress that are examining the structure and function of the brain in people with autism, to find out clues that will lead to a better understanding of these illnesses.

It is known that in 10.000 births, there appear 5-15 cases of children affected by these pervasive development disorders. The most affected are the boys, excepting the situation of Rett’s syndrome, which affects mostly girls.

In order to diagnose autism, if the symptoms are present, the doctor will perform a complete medical history and physical examination. Then, he will do some tests, like X-rays and blood tests, to see if there are symptoms that can show a physical disorder. If there isn’t found a physical disorder, the child is sent to a specialist in childhood development disorders which is trained to diagnose and treat the pervasive development disorders. The doctor analyzes the child’s level of development, speech and behavior, and often can ask the parents of the child, or other adults that are familiar with him about the symptoms that they found.

Because children affected by these disorders can have a large range of symptoms, the treatment must be adjusted to fulfill every child’s needs.

Treatment can include medications in order to treat specific symptoms, like anxiety, hyperactivity and behavior that may result in injury, there are also necessary therapies that increase the child’s functional abilities, and strategies for supporting positive behavior.

The result seen in people with pervasive development disorders varies depending on the type and severity of the condition, on the age when the treatment started and on the availability of supportive resources for the child.

There are being made researches in order to find out more about these conditions, to discover what is happening in the brain and to find better ways for diagnosing and treating these disorders, or even prevention and cure.

For more information about autism causes please review http://www.autism-info-center.com/signs-of-autism.htm or even http://www.autism-info-center.com/autism-symptoms.htm
For more information about autism causes please review http://www.autism-info-center.com/signs-of-autism.htm or even http://www.autism-info-center.com/autism-symptoms.htm
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