Tag Archives: Mental Disorder

Question?: Schizophrenia Test

George asks…

How would a doctor or psychiatrist test you for schizophrenia?

admin answers:

Diagnosis of any mental disorder utilizes observations by the doctor, questions of the patient by the doctor, feedback from others who know the patient, psychological testing, family history, family health history. Schizophrenia diagnosis is difficult to make and would probably take the doctor pulling together all this information and interviewing the patient on several occasions. Sometime doctors figure out difficult diagnoses by the patient’s response to common medications used to treat depression or anxiety.

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Question?: Schizophrenia Definition

Susan asks…

Simple definition of Schizophrenia?

Can anyone tell me a simple definition of schizophrenia please?

admin answers:

Set out below are two short and simple definitions, together with a longer definition for comparison. The source of each definition is shown.

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. People who suffer from it are unable to relate their thoughts and feelings to what is happening around them and often withdraw from society.
Http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-cobuild/schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it difficult to tell the difference between real and unreal experiences, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses, and to behave normally in social situations.
Http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000928.htm

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder (or a group of disorders) marked by severely impaired thinking, emotions, and behaviours. Schizophrenic patients are typically unable to filter sensory stimuli and may have enhanced perceptions of sounds, colors, and other features of their environment. Most schizophrenics, if untreated, gradually withdraw from interactions with other people, and lose their ability to take care of personal needs and grooming.
The prevalence of schizophrenia is thought to be about 1% of the population around the world; it is thus more common than diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, or multiple sclerosis. In the United States and Canada, patients with schizophrenia fill about 25% of all hospital beds. The disorder is considered to be one of the top ten causes of long-term disability worldwide.
Http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/schizophrenia

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Question?: Schizophrenia Types

Joseph asks…

What types of schizophrenia is there?

I found out that this girl that I know is schizophrenic, but she takes pills which make her “normal”. I’ve never noticed anything odd about her except that she’s quiet. I always thought it made people see things or hear voices, which I’m sure I can blame TV for. Is there “minor” cases of schizophrenia, and can it escalate as you age?

admin answers:

Yes, there are minor cases of schizophrenia. It normally does get a little worse as you age, an example of this is younger children can show a couple of symptoms but a diagnosis is normally not made until about age 17+. Though, symptoms do not normally show until late adolescence / early adulthood. Schizophrenia is defined as ‘a mental disorder characterized by abnormalities in the perception or expression of reality’. I always thought of it as not being able to tell the difference between reality and dreams. The types are

Paranoid Schizophrenia:
The defining feature of the paranoid subtype is the presence of auditory hallucinations or prominent delusional thoughts about persecution or conspiracy. However, people with this subtype may be more functional in their ability to work and engage in relationships than people with other subtypes of schizophrenia.

Disorganized Schizophrenia:
As the name implies, this subtype’s predominant feature is disorganization of the thought processes. As a rule, hallucinations and delusions are less pronounced, although there may be some evidence of these symptoms. These people may have significant impairments in their ability to maintain the activities of daily living. Even the more routine tasks, such as dressing, bathing or brushing teeth, can be significantly impaired or lost.
Often, there is impairment in the emotional processes of the individual. For example, these people may appear emotionally unstable, or their emotions may not seem appropriate to the context of the situation. They may fail to show ordinary emotional responses in situations that evoke such responses in healthy people.

Catatonic Schizophrenia:
The predominant clinical features seen in the catatonic subtype involve disturbances in movement. Affected people may exhibit a dramatic reduction in activity, to the point that voluntary movement stops, as in catatonic stupor. Alternatively, activity can dramatically increase, a state known as catatonic excitement.
Other disturbances of movement can be present with this subtype. Actions that appear relatively purposeless but are repetitively performed, also known as stereotypic behavior, may occur, often to the exclusion of involvement in any productive activity.

Residual Schizophrenia:
This subtype is diagnosed when the patient no longer displays prominent symptoms. In such cases, the schizophrenic symptoms generally have lessened in severity. Hallucinations, delusions or idiosyncratic behaviors may still be present, but their manifestations are significantly diminished in comparison to the acute phase of the illness.

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Question?: What Is Autism Yahoo Answers

Daniel asks…

How old are you? What is your education level? and what education level do you aspire to?

I feel like the majority of people on yahoo answers are inexperienced young people. So how old are you?
What is your education level? I think this is important to know because i think answers should come from a diverse range of people.
Thanks!

admin answers:

52 years old
B.S in Elementary Education
M.Ed. In Special Education
Taught/teach students K-6 grades and 16 years old through 21 years old, all special-needs students with mental retardation, autism, CP, seizure disorder, severe learning disabilities, ADD/ADHD, bi-polar disorder hearing impaired, visually impaired, and many who were also ESL.

Good enough to answer questions in here?

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Unruly Kids May Have A Mental Disorder

Main Category: Mental Health
Also Included In: Pediatrics / Children’s Health;  Autism
Article Date: 01 May 2012 – 0:00 PDT

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When children behave badly, it’s easy to blame their parents. Sometimes, however, such behavior may be due to a mental disorder.

Mental illnesses are the No. 1 cause of medical disability in youths ages 15 and older in the United States and Canada, according to the World Health Organization.

“One reason we haven’t made greater progress helping people recover from mental disorders is that we get on the scene too late,” said Thomas R. Insel, MD, director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the featured speaker at the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Presidential Plenary during the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Boston.

Dr. Insel discussed signs of mental illnesses in young children and the importance of early diagnosis and intervention in his presentation, “What Every Pediatrician Needs to Know about Mental Disorders,” in the Hynes Convention Center.

As the first line of defense, pediatricians can detect mental disorders early and ensure children get treatment as soon as possible, Dr. Insel said. While questionnaires currently are the best way for doctors to screen for mental illness, better tools are on the horizon, such as cognitive and genetic tests.

It’s also important to understand that mental illnesses are a developmental brain disorder even though they can look like behavior problems, Dr. Insel explained.

“The future of mental illness has to be at the point where we aren’t treating behavior separately from the rest of the person,” he said. “There needs to be full integration of behavior and medical concerns to ensure that we are able to care for the whole person and not just one system.”

In addition to serving as director of the NIMH, Dr. Insel is acting director of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, a new arm of the National Institutes of Health that aims to accelerate the development of diagnostics and therapeutics.

Autism also is an area of interest for Dr. Insel. He chairs the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Prior to joining NIMH, he was director of the Center for Autism Research and professor of psychiatry at Emory University, where he was the founding director of the Center for Behavioral Neuroscience.

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our mental health section for the latest news on this subject. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

MLA

American Academy of Pediatrics. “Unruly Kids May Have A Mental Disorder.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 1 May. 2012. Web.
4 May. 2012. APA

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.


posted by Helena on 2 May 2012 at 9:38 am

Is your kid unruly? He may have a mental disorder. At least that’s what the psychiatric drug companies want you to think…

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‘Unruly Kids May Have A Mental Disorder’

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History Of Autism Pioneers

Autism does not have a long history, and this is due to the fact that the history of autism really didn’t begin until the first decade of the 20th century. Although, autism as a condition was around prior to this time, it was not a recognized condition and most people would have been regarded as insane. In fact, it wasn’t even until the Swiss psychiatrist, Eugene Bleuler, coined the term “autism” in the 1912 issue of the American Journal of Insanity, did the term even exist.

However, despite being the first person to use the term, Bleuler considered autism to be another form of schizophrenia in which schizophrenic’s lacked social skills with others, and were more absorbed in themselves. Bleuler’s study was the beginning of the history of autism.

Although Bleuler may have been the first to recognize one of the most common traits of autistics, there were three other pioneers of autism who really set the wheels of autism research in motion. These three doctors had a huge impact on what people believed autism was in the mid 1900’s, as well as how the disorder is recognized today.

Dr. Leo Kanner – (1894 – 1981) – Dr. Leo Kanner was an Austrian-American psychiatrist, who was one of the first to specialize in child psychology. Kanner, a doctor at Baltimore’s Johns Hopkins Hospital, is credited with recognizing autism as its own unique mental disorder. According to the history of autism, Kanner created the label early infantile autism, which he wrote about in 1943 in the journal “The Nervous Child”.

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In his report, Kanner discussed his research based on a group of eleven children who all closely displayed the following traits:

• Social interaction difficulties
• Difficulty processing and adapting to changes
• Particularly good memory
• Belated echolalia (repeating speech made by others)
• Exceedingly sensitive to sounds, and other stimulants
• Food issues
• Good intellectual potential

He used the term autism to describe the main characteristic all the children he studied displayed – little to no interest in socializing with other people.

Dr. Hans Asperger (1906-1980) – Dr. Hans Asperger, was a scientist and pediatrician. He is best known in the history of autism for defining Asperger Syndrome – a specific type of high functioning autism. The first time he defined Asperger syndrome was in 1944, when he studied 4 young boys and, like Kanner, found that each child displayed similar characteristics. He identified these characteristic behaviors as autistic psychopathy.

Although Asperger identified most of the same traits as Kanner, he didn’t note his group having delayed echolalia. Alternatively, he said that the children had clumsy movements and irregular motor skills compared to regular children, and also that they talked much like grown ups. Asperger referred to them as “little professors”.

Unfortunately, the findings of Dr. Hans Asperger regarding autism were not widely discovered until the late 1980’s even though his reports occurred much earlier in the history of autism. It is believed that there were two main reasons why Asperger did not receive the recognition he deserved until much later than his original observations. The first reason was his findings were delayed due to World War II. The second was that his work wasn’t written in English and was not translated until almost 50 years later.

Dr. Bruno Bettelhiem (1903-1990) – Bruno Bettelheim was an Austrian-American writer and child psychologist. Bettelheim developed his own theories on autism and is best known for his theory of the “refrigerator mother”. In his work “The Empty Fortress”(1967), Bettelheim wrote about three therapy sessions with children who had infantile autism. He claimed that their disorder was caused by having emotionally cold mothers. His theory was widely accepted, and for many years, parents (particularly mothers) were considered the problem behind autism.

For information on recognizing and treating autism sign up for the free Autism newsletter below.

Today, Bettelhiem’s theory has been disregarded by most. However, the characteristics described by Kanner and Asperger are still used to define the basic behavioral patterns of autistics. Nevertheless, all of these men have made a serious mark on the history of autism.
Rachel Evans. Sign up for a free newsletter about autism and discover more on the signs and symptoms of autism.
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Autism Solutions – Intention to Abort Can Trigger an Autistic Reaction

Autism Solutions

An embryo can sense a mom and father’s intention to abort and will often respond in a primitive fearful way. When an expectant woman and man are both majorly desiring and planning to an abortion, (consciously or subconsciously), but decide not to abort and have the baby, the embryo may decide to keep to psychologically withdraw in fear. If great and ongoing, the baby’s reaction to his or her parents’ destructive desires could instigate to an “autistic reaction.” Autism Solutions

Baby psychology and parent psychology are interconnected. The subconscious dimension is the truer and most influential dimension of our humanness. There is no understanding autism and the true causes of autism without understanding this key fact. During the time spent in the womb, the baby will react by withdrawing and refusing to interact energetically. Using primitive means the baby will choose to dramatically withdraw in reaction to a parent’s (or parents) extreme destructive intentions and energies. Autism Solutions

Their parents’ unfilled desire to abort usually continued to translate into a subconscious desire to “get rid” of the baby. Even when the baby is still an embryo, he or she experiences this parental “desire” in a primitive way. The embryo, then fetus, senses this “desire” and feels it as an ongoing threat of extinction. The degree of an unborn baby’s reaction corresponds to the degree of a parent’s (or parents) rejection, psychic abuse, and (after birth) most likely physical abuse. Autism Solutions

A baby’s determination to withdraw dramatically in response to a parents’ extreme subconscious rejection usually does not end at birth. As the parents continue to subconsciously reject the baby, their baby will continue to respond by withdrawing and, eventually, most likely, will show symptoms of autism or some other mental disorder. There are many degrees of autism symptoms. Autism Solutions

Those differences correspond directly to the severity of the embryos’ and fetus’ negative perceptions and experiences with their parents and the child’s subconscious reactions to those subconscious experiences. A woman, when she conceives a baby, will sometimes experience a conscious or subconscious dread at the reality that she will have to care for the child for decades. Both parents usually have many selfish and self-centered desires in relation to having children, or about not having them. The degree and the variety of selfishness and destructive intentions have much to do with how a baby’s reactions will manifest. Autism Solutions

Many women have “crazy” ideas and experiences in relation to their pregnancy. Most often these are never talked about, yet, the babies inside their wombs experience all of it and react in corresponding ways. A pregnant woman may perceive her unborn baby as an enemy and someone who is “invading her body.” She may even imagine her baby to be a “monster” who is trying to control her and act through her. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autism Solutions program now!

Feeling lost without solutions? Autism Solutions is a proven Autism Solution for your Child.

Try The Program and change child’s life forever!
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History Autism – Important Facts Involving the History of Autism

History Autism

Although the history of autism likely initiated well during a century ago, autism wasn’t formerly recognized as its own condition, it was originally confused provided another mental disorder, schizophrenia. For many years, it was also believed that autism was the result of one, basic cause. Today, it is known that autism does not only have one cause, and nothing about the disorder is basic. History Autism

For instance, although all autistics have issues with social development, some may be highly gifted and learn to live independently, while others are mentally unable to grasp concepts and are completely dependent. However, you may be wondering, how did the history of autism develop and where did it all begin? The following are the main facts that outline the major breakthroughs in autism history.

• 1912 – Eugene Bleuler – a Swiss psychiatrist was the first to recognize a pattern in schizophrenic individuals who seemed to be self-absorbed. Bleuler referred to this self-absorption as “autism”; he was the first to create and use this term. However, he was not the first in the history of autism to recognize autism as being a separate mental disorder from schizophrenia. History Autism

• 1943 – Leo Kanner – an Austrian-American child psychologist was the first to recognize autism as an independent mental disorder. Kanner described a group of 11 children having the following common characteristics: o Displaying anguish with changes o Problems with social interaction o Delayed echolalia (vocally repeating the sounds or words of another) o Good memory o Overly sensitive to specific stimulants, particularly sound o Problems with food o Difficulty being spontaneous o Notable intellectual potential Kanner labeled the behaviors of these 11 children as having early infantile autism.

• 1944 – Hans Asperger – an Austrian scientist and pediatrician, wrote about his experiences with a group of children he came to call autistic psychopaths. Asperger noted many of the same traits in the children that Kanner studied. However, the one trait he did not mention was the delayed echolalia. Instead, he noted that his group of children spoke like “little grown-ups”. Asperger also mentioned their clumsy motor skills that were different from the average child. If the name Asperger looks familiar, this is because he plays a major role in the history of autism in regards to Asperger Syndrome, now recognized as a specific type of high functioning autism.

• 1967 – Bruno Bettelheim – An Austrian-American child psychologist and writer wrote The Empty Fortress: Infantile autism and the birth of the self. Within his work, Bettelheim discussed three therapy session he had with children whom he called autistic. Bettelheim claimed that the autistic disorder was the result of their mother’s coldness. It was his belief that parents should not be involved in the children’s therapy. This lack of understanding of the condition left many parents wrongly feeling they were somehow to blame.

• 1970’s – Autism knowledge and research spread to Sweden. The Erica Foundation in Sweden began education and therapy for autistic children. During their research, it was discovered that autism was more complex than initially realized. This led researchers down a new path, making them realize, for one of the first time in the history of autism that there was more than one, general cause of autism.

• 1980’s – Autism research really took off and more researchers were becoming convinced that the typical reasons were related to neurological disturbances, which may be on occasion combined with other genetic factors such as chromosomal aberrations, metabolic disturbances, or illness.

For information on recognizing and treating autism sign up for the free Autism newsletter below. The history of autism still continues to this day, as researchers are still on a quest to determine the cause and the most effective treatment. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through History Autism program now!

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