Tag Archives: License Plates

Question?: Autism Symptoms In Adults

Donald asks…

How can you tell if some one has autism?

What are the symptoms?

admin answers:

Autism – Symptoms
Core symptoms
The severity of symptoms varies greatly between individuals, but all people with autism have some core symptoms in the areas of:

Social interactions and relationships. Symptoms may include:
Significant problems developing nonverbal communication skills, such as eye-to-eye gazing, facial expressions, and body posture.
Failure to establish friendships with children the same age.
Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people.
Lack of empathy. People with autism may have difficulty understanding another person’s feelings, such as pain or sorrow.
Verbal and nonverbal communication. Symptoms may include:
Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.1
Problems taking steps to start a conversation. Also, people with autism have difficulties continuing a conversation after it has begun.
Stereotyped and repetitive use of language. People with autism often repeat over and over a phrase they have heard previously (echolalia).
Difficulty understanding their listener’s perspective. For example, a person with autism may not understand that someone is using humor. They may interpret the communication word for word and fail to catch the implied meaning.
Limited interests in activities or play. Symptoms may include:
An unusual focus on pieces. Younger children with autism often focus on parts of toys, such as the wheels on a car, rather than playing with the entire toy.
Preoccupation with certain topics. For example, older children and adults may be fascinated by video games, trading cards, or license plates.
A need for sameness and routines. For example, a child with autism may always need to eat bread before salad and insist on driving the same route every day to school.
Stereotyped behaviors. These may include body rocking and hand flapping.

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Question?: Autistic Savant

Helen asks…

What classifies someone as an autistic savant?

Is it its own syndrome in the DSM-IV-TR?

I understand to be a savant you have to have a great ability in a specific area, but is there…a list or something? Of criterion:?

admin answers:

An autistic savant is a person with both autism and savant syndrome. Savant syndrome is usually recognized during childhood and is found in children with autism and other developmental difficulties. However, it can also be acquired in an accident or illness, typically one that injures or impairs the left side of the brain.

Most autistic savants have very extensive mental abilities, called splinter skills.
– They can recall facts, numbers, license plates, maps, and extensive lists of sports and weather statistics after only being exposed to them once.
– Some savants can mentally note and then recall perfectly a very long sequence of music, numbers, or speech
– Some, dubbed mental calculators, can do exceptionally fast arithmetic, including prime factorization
– Other skills include precisely estimating distances and angles by sight, calculating the day of the week for any given date over the span of tens of thousands of years, and being able to accurately gauge the passing of time without a clock

Most autistic savants have a single special skill, while others have multiple skills. Usually these skills are concrete, non-symbolic, right hemisphere skills, rather than left hemisphere skills, which tend to be more sequential, logical, and symbolic

Savantism is not described in the DSM, but some Autistic disorder criteria mentioned include:
– impairment in social interaction (no eye contact, lack of pointing out objects of interest, failure to develope peer relations, etc.)
– impairment in communication (delay or lack of spoken language, inability to sustain conversation, repetitive language, lack of varied or make-believe play, etc.)
– restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior (strict adherence to rituals and schedules, preoccupation with one or more pattern of interest, repetitive movements, preoccupation with parts of objects, etc.)

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