Tag Archives: Learning Disabilities

Question?: Autism Signs And Symptoms

John asks…

How many people have children with Autism?

Any type of autism on the spectrum. This is for a project at school. Just tell me about your experiences with Autistic (or Asperger’s) Children

admin answers:

1 in 88 children have autism (1 in 54 boys) 3/4 of children with autism are boys, the fourth is a girl. “classic” or “full blown autism” can be directed by the age of 2, warning signs are lack of eye contact, little or no speech, and a lack of other communication skills.

Asperger’s syndrome is a “high functioning” form of autism- meaning it shares the same basis of lacking communication skills with classic autism, but symptoms are far more severe.

I am a teen with asperger’s syndrome, and my main symptoms are severe anxiety, not knowing what to say in a conversation, having obsessions or fixations on things like trains, air planes, & computers, and no eye contact (this is due to anxiety). Most kids with mild autism also have other learning disabilities, like ADHD.

There is also a thing a lot of autistic people do called “stimming” It means self stimulation. You might see autistic kids doing things like rocking back and forth (it’s soothing) and flapping their hands, (I do this when excited).

One important thing to know about autistic individuals often are very proud to have autism, even though it is viewed by others as a disability. THERE IS NO CURE. But certain therapies DO help, like physical therapy, talk therapy, and social skills help.


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Question?: What Is Autism In Spanish

David asks…

where does the most European immigrants live in Canada, and why?

which province is the best to live in, if you look for joboffers, recreation, healthcare, school and security?

admin answers:

In terms of job offers, probably Ontario, Alberta or British Columbia. HOwever, if you have professional qualifications, especially medical, there are openings in all provinces and territories. Many provinces also have shortages in information technology and engineering.

For recreation, it depends upon what you like. If you like deep sea fishing, snowmobiling, skiing, whale and iceberg watching, etc. Choose Atlantic Canada. You will also find opportunities for various other pursuits and sports in Atlantic Canada. Really, most things are available in most provinces unless you choose a very rural area.

Canada’s healthcare system is excellent and is government funded. Things not covered include prescription medication, glasses, dental, and private or semi-private rooms in a hospital. Pretty much all other services are covered. Ambulance service carries a token charge – in my province top charge is $75, no matter how long the ride or type of service required. Surprisingly enough often the best healthcare is in the smallest provinces – Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. It is much more personal, equipment is often state of the art, and waiting lists are shorter. HOwever, provinces with larger populations may sometimes have more services. I would still opt for health care in Newfoundland over Ontario.

Again the smaller provinces win in many ways in terms of school systems for kids – larger is often not better. Services for children with special needs are best in Newfoundland, particularly for kids with autism, learning disabilities, physical disabilities, and developmental delays. Even the smallest provinces have at least one university. University in Canada costs much less than in the US, but is not free.

Overall Canada is very safe if that is what you mean by security. Again, smaller is better – generally the provinces with smaller populations are also safer.

European immigrants live all across Canada in every province and territiory. Many immigrants from the United Kingdom live in Atlantic Canada and Ontario. Newfoundland has had a traditional connection with Ireland and with Portugal for centuries. Traditionally immigrants from central Europe tended to move to western Canada to farming areas – Manitoba has many people of Ukrainian and Polish descent for example. Ontario has immigrants from all over the world including Europe. My husband has often talked of the many languages he heard in his school yard in Ontario as a boy – Italian, German, Polish, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, French. Why do European immigrants live wehre they do? For all kinds of reasons I suppose – family connections, employment, climate, etc.

I hope these thoughts are of some help.

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Question?: Autism Signs In Older Children

Michael asks…

How do you determine a learning disability?

Is it based on IQ and if so how is this tested if a child is non verbal. We are getting our official diagnosis of our son next week and know it will be severe autism and learning disability. We can choose to accept or not the diagnosis, I agree with the autism one but how can a learning disability diagnosis be secure in a 3.5 yr old if he doen’t speak.

admin answers:

Learning disabilities are generally broken down into four major categories including spoken language, written language, arithmetic, and reasoning. Because one cannot ‘see’ a learning disability, it is often called the ‘hidden disability.’ This makes assessment somewhat more difficult to determine and often leaves many individuals with learning disabilities to suffer in silence and isolation.

Learning disabilities typically originate in childhood and if identified early, parents and teachers can use various interventions to help the child cope with his or her disability. Some important signals that parents can look for that may be a sign of a learning disability include: difficulty understanding and/or following directions; poor memory; failure to master major milestones in scholastic development on time (i.e. Reading, math, writing) usually resulting in poor performance in school, problems with reversing letters and/or numbers, lack of hand-eye-movement coordination, and other behaviours that seem out of the ordinary when considering the child’s age and developmental stage.
It will be hard for you to consider the following but it is very important: forget about stigma; later you will need to claim DLA and Mobility; a diagnosis of Autism on its own won’t guarantee this but a double diagnosis will make it easier.
You will know your own child and any medical diagnosis will not change that but it may make life easier in the future.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In 6 Year Old

James asks…

how do i distinguish autism from a learning disability?

how would one know if they are autistic or have a learning disability or perhaps both?

admin answers:

Some of the behaviors that both of my autistic spectrum children have esp. When they were young, my 7 year old still has are: hand flapping and pigeon toe-walking (during the younger years); esp. When they were nervous or worried; repetitive actions esp. My daughter did this. She would not really play with toys just line them up, no imaginative play, not really much doll play, mostly just lined up stuffed animals or whatever.

Most autism are said to have delayed lang. Like my son, he saw a speech therapist at 3 because he was not speaking. But my daughter on the other hand was an early speaker at 6 months, but did a lot of echolalia where she would repeat phrases over and over again (so my husband really had to watch his language!!!) They are also very obsessive about things. I think all kids have this to some extent, but they really take it to another level. They always have an obsession and it is very difficult, almost impossible for them to focus on anything else. Currently, my daughter is obsessed with Pokemon, before that dragons, before that dinosaurs, human body, etc!

They also both have sensory integration disorder which my son has the most severely. He cannot stand being touched, hugged, or kissed. They both cannot stand anything sticky being touched and eat fried or barbecued chicken by encasing it with paper towels (they love the taste but hate the feeling!) My son used to scream being bathed or touching grass (still doesn’t like baths!)

My daughter doesn’t seem to have any noticeable learning disabilities, but my son does have the dyslexia that his father and grandmother do. That has been addressed with a lot of Orton Gillingham reading programs, phonemic awareness (also called phonological awareness) programs, phonics, vocabulary, etc.

You can tell if one is dyslexic pretty quickly by going to http://www.interdys.org/servlet/compose?section_id=5&page_id=41 (If you have an older or younger child, click on the Symptoms for Preschool Child or 5th-8th or High School & College or Adults and look at the symptoms according to age.

My son has always exhibited all the symptoms of each age as a preschooler and as he has grown. The addition of his dad and his grandmother having dyslexia (I believe dyslexia is genetic in origin) and if there is a strong family history of dyslexia that is another good clue.

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Question?: Treatment For Autism Spectrum Disorder

Joseph asks…

What’s the diffference between neurofeedback and biofeedback?

And which is better for treating mental disorders?

admin answers:

Actually, Neurofeedback is a very specific type of Biofeedback according to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurofeedback
“Neurofeedback… Is a type of biofeedback that uses realtime displays of electroencephalography to illustrate brain activity, often with a goal of controlling central nervous system activity.”

I also points out “The most common and well-documented use of neurofeedback is in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder…” and “Other areas where neurofeedback has been researched include treatment of substance abuse, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, OCD, learning disabilities, bipolar disorder, conduct disorder, cognitive impairment, migraines, headaches, chronic pain, autism spectrum disorders, sleep dysregulation, PTSD and concussion.”

On the flip side, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biofeedback points out that “Biofeedback is the process of becoming aware of various physiological functions…” In other words, Biofeedback is for more physiological issues whereas Neurofeedback is more for the brain/mental side of it. Good luck and I hope I helped!

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Pictures

Mandy asks…

I need to know more about autism, my little sister who i never see?

Ok, im 16 and my little sister Lexie lives with her real mom , we both have the same dad but different moms. I havent seen her since she was like 3 or 4 and shes now 8. shes very tiny and underdeveloped, but adorable., her mom told me she has learning disabilities and mild autism, i was gonna see if she would let Lexie come stay with me for a week so i can get to know her, but i just wonder how shes like.
any info??

admin answers:

My son has PDD-NOS which is on the Autism Spectrum. The Autism Spectrum is what they call a Spectrum because the severity and symptoms that children have differs greatly. There are five diagnoses that are under the Autism Spectrum Umbrella. These are Autism, PDD-NOS, Asperger’s, childhood disintegrative disorder, and Rett syndrome. PDD-NOS is the most common diagnoses. Asperger’s is the highest functioning of the Autism Spectrum Disorders which are also called Pervasive Development Disorders. Autism is more common in boys than girls, except for Rett Syndrome which affects mostly girls. I have been told by specialists that they have a saying that “If you have seen one child with Autism you have seen one child with Autism”. By that saying they mean that no two children with autism present the same.

Let me tell you a little about my son. When he was a baby I knew something was different. He was my third child so I just knew something was not right. He did not like to be held like my other kids did. He would let me feed him, but look at the ceiling fan while I did instead of into my eyes. When he was done eating he would want to get down. He did not like to be held much. As he got older I noticed that he did not play with toys like my other kids did. He liked to take them apart instead. He was a head banger and rocked side to side alot. When routines changed he always got very irritable and still does. He would play with his toys the same way all the time, and line them up. He began talking on time, but always talked about what he was thinking without holding proper conversations. His voice is monotone all in one high pitch. He does not understand others feelings, how his actions affect others, or facial expressions. He takes everything very seriously and does not understand sarcasm or jokes. He has high anxiety, gets frustrated easily, and has been agressive since he was two. He has sensory processing disorder which is very common with PDD. He has always had sensory issues and hated things too bright, too cold or hot, certain clothing, certain textures, etc. He has problems making friends, and does not play age appropriately.

What has worked for us: My son gets Sensory Integration therapy at his school where he has an IEP and is in a special classroom. He has been in counseling since he was three to help him understand his feelings, others feelings, and ways to better control his emotions. He is on medications to help him control his rages, anger, and sleep issues. I have found that schedules and routines are the most important things for us. I made him a picture schedule that works very well. If you want to email me I can send you more information and even pics of our picture schedule. I have gotten valuable information by getting my son several diagnostic tests such as a speeech evaluation, neuropsycological evaluation, Developmental Behavioral Pediatrician Evaluation, an EEG, an EKG, and even genetics testing. I think that the two most important things to do are to see a Developmental Behavioral Pediatrician because they are the doctors that most specialize in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Also a neuropsych evaluation will help understand how she thinks and how her brain works.

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Question?: Autism Signs 2 Year Old

Chris asks…

how do you deal with unruly children?

their not mine, but i have them all the time. their mother is a single mother that lets them get away with any and everything. the oldest is 4 the other is 2. the 4 year old doent talk to me, or mind and the 2 year old listens, but when i get on to him he bashes him head on thing. what do i do ?

admin answers:

They aren’t behaving like that because they are from a single parent family, they are behaving like that because they apparently have no discipline. I teach preschool and I see kids from two parent families act like that all the time. The Head Banging is most likely an anger issue, he isn’t liking being told no. I wouldn’t worry too much about it…..he isn’t going to bang his head hard enough to hurt himself…..if it hurts he is going to stop, unless he is suffering from a mental illness….which could cause him to not have the stop reaction when he does something that causes pain. I would just lay down the rules with both of them, stick to them like glue, and have consequences if they aren’t following the rules. They are kids and you can’t expect complete compliance, but you can expect them to follow basic rules and to listen. If the four year old throws a toy….give him a warning…if you throw the toy again I am going to put it away. If he throws it again, put it away…he will likely throw a tantrum…but he will survive. Be consistent. Too many parents are too busy working and trying to do normal everyday things like laundry/cooking/etc to parent the way that they need to.

I would talk to mom and let her know that you will not tolerate the behavior and that you are laying down some rules. If she doesn’t like it she can be free to find another sitter, although by the sounds of it, that may be difficult.

I would also suggest that she may want to have both children evaluated for developmental delays/Learning disabilities. A four year old child who doesn’t talk (does he talk at home?) is a huge autism flag…..the not listening would go right along with that. Head banging can also be a sign of problems. It would be a good idea for them to be evaluated.

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Quiz

William asks…

How do I tell my mom I think I have Aspergers..?

I have always suspected I had Aspergers Syndrome and I recently took quite a few online test that just support my suspicions, How should I tell my mom this without her just thinking I’m being paranoid?
P.S. I am 13 years old

admin answers:

Well, internet tests can be pretty unreliable. I wouldn’t automatically assume you have it just because some internet quiz said you do.

But in contrast to what Duncan said, I’ve read that “if you think you have Aspergers you probably do.”
And I strongly disagree that it is something you are “unaware” of. In fact most people with Aspergers syndrome claim that they were aware that there was something different about themselves since they were a child.

If you have any problems in school this could be a good way to start the conversation with your mom. Some people with Aspergers have learning disabilities. And you can get an IEP (individual learning plan) to help you get better grades.

If you think you have any learning disabilities, start talking to your mom about that first. Then you could bring up the fact that you’ve read that Aspergers syndrome can be related to these disabilities. Then you could bring up other similarities that you have with people with Aspergers and eventually say that you think you have it.

Just an idea.

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Question?: Treatment For Autism In Toddlers

Richard asks…

Autism question: young toddler already showing signs?

I have a young toddler showing some signs of autism already. The pediatrician has brought it up briefly and will prob setup some sort of screening test for it soon. I believe if he has it its not at the highest level.

I personally don’t know a ton about Autism, are there different levels of Autism?

Can it get worse or better with therapy?

What causes Autism and is there any medication to help in the future?

I always thought Autism was another name for a learning disability.

admin answers:

There are definitely different levels of autism. It can range from severe autism all the way to some simple learning disabilities. My son was diagnosed with PDD NOS at age 2, which is a mild form of autism. He basically has speech delays and some “quirks” in his personality as we call it.

The sooner your child is diagnosed and starts therapy, the better they will do later on. I highly recommend asking your pediatrician for a referral to a developmental pediatrician or neurologist. There is testing they can do (even at young ages) to see if your child falls on the autism spectrum, and then will recommend therapies/treatments.

Therapy definitely helps immensely. I have several friends who had mildly autistic children, and with intensive therapy, the no longer carry a diagnosis of autism. Its possible to overcome mild cases, or the diagnosis will change to something like ADD, etc.

There is no known cause for autism, but is mainly thought to be either genetic. Depending on what your child’s issues are, there are some medications out there that can help.

Like I said, I highly recommend getting your child evaluated by a developmental pediatrician or neurologist ASAP. I wish you the best of luck!!

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Question?: Adhd In Children

Laura asks…

Could someone please explain this question? What is the difference between EBD and ADHD in children?

What are the similarities between EBD and ADHD children?
I think that they both can show signs of hyperactivity, being inattentive and uncooperative but I am not sure.

admin answers:

EBD (Emotional and Behaviour Disorders) is an umbrella term for any psychological disorder that does not impair intellectual abilitiy (developmental disabilities) or communication (Autism Specturm Disorders, Learning Disabilities etc.) but rather affects a child’s mood and beheaviour. ADHD is a specific disorder that falls under this umbrella. The most common characteristics of ADHD are the inability to focus or sit still for long periods of time, trouble following instructions, easily distracted etc. Other behaviour disorders might include conduct disorders such as oppositional defiant disorder. These children can also seem hyperactive, inattentive, and uncooperative, but they are different. A child with ADHD can’t focus, so they are easily distracted, while a child with a conduct disorder is able to focus but they focus on the wrong things – other children in the class, needing attention etc.

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