Tag Archives: Iq

Question?: Treatment For Autism Spectrum Disorder In Children

Sharon asks…

How normal could one expect to live if a person’s IQ was only 63-68?

What expectations should I have for this person? Will they ever be able to live a pretty normal life and function like everyone else? Like, driving, balancing checkbooks, paying bills, shopping, etc?
My step daughter is in this range and I only asked because I want some idea of what we might reasonably expect from her ?

admin answers:

There are some definite limitations. They can’t do things as independently as others.
I’ve worked with several individuals with mental retardation and they were able to live close to normal lives, with a lot of support. Some of them were able to drive, but they needed a lot of help to pass the driving exam. Some were able to live independently, but they needed some training in independent living skills. There are several programs across the country that offer independent living skills training to people with mental retardation. Some were even able to hold part time jobs. There are several programs that help with job placement and job programs. A local program here does job coaching, training, assessment, and shadowing. They may need assistance with balancing their checkbooks and paying bills. I don’t think they are cognitively prepared to handle that difficult of a task, but anyone can prove me wrong.
Remember that they are at the cognitive level of children, so they are not incompetent and helpless. Some of the people with MR that I’ve worked with have the most impressive determination and work ethic.
If you want to know more about someone’s capabilities, see if you can find someone to administer the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale.
The Vineland has been a leading measure of personal and social skills needed for everyday living. Psychologists and other professionals continue to depend on it to identify individuals who have mental retardation, developmental delays, autism spectrum disorders, and other impairments. Not only does Vineland aid in diagnosis, but it gives you valuable information for developing educational and treatment plans. Put it all together and you’re in a stronger position to help your clients lead more fulfilling, independent lives.

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Question?: What Is Autism Video

Sharon asks…

What’s the difference between autism and mental retardation?

I’m curious. I have adhd and anxiety, and (I suspect sort of strongly) aspergers

I was watching vids on lower function autism, and some of the people were making disgruntled noises a lot, throwing fits/tantrums, sucking thumb, etc.

admin answers:

Mental retardation’s criteria is a low Intelligence Quotient (IQ).

Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnostic criteria includes social deficits, communication deficits, and odd behavior (repetitive actions, self-stimulating – like you saw on the video.).

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale

Sharon asks…

AS: High Functioning and low-Functioning?

Hi there YA community – I was wondering what the ranges are of Asperger‘s Syndrome and what qualifies and what doesn’t. For example:

I met two kids with AS in High School. One spoke solely in monotone, tortured small animals in his spare time, smelled awful and never shaved, screamed obscenities for no reason on a regular basis, could fall over standing still and couldn’t run ten feet without tripping over himself, had perpetually glazed-over eyes and screamed anything random and pointless he could think of. He considered everybody else in the world a total retard, tried to burn down an abandoned house near the school and eventually was expelled for trying to steal all the pencil-sharpeners (he got through one).

The other never spoke to anybody or initiated a conversation, but when I spoke to him I found out he had an I.Q. of 160 and the intelligence to prove it- he had an encyclopedic knowledge of engineering, biology, essentially ALL the sciences, as well as all the Star Trek Episodes and he had drawn vast and complex geometric murals of aliens, robots and such. He never offended anybody and essentially stayed out of everyone’s way, preferring his private world to the one that was surrounding him.

Which one of these is more common? Does AS really have this much range or are these two simply misdiagnosed?

admin answers:

The second one is quite common, but the first one sounds either misdiagnosed (not AS) or has some very serious non-AS issues going on…..but yes, the range of personalities, abilities etc is vast.

*** All Aspergers, by clinical definition, are High-functioning. Anyone who is scored as Low-functioning (global functioning scale) is prevented from receiving an AS diagnosis by the diagnostic criteria….though mistakes do get made.

Levels of functioning relate to how you can survive in the real world – fianances, self-care, feeding yourself etc – and are not based on IQ, personality or temperament. As awful as the first person seems, you’ve said nothing to prove he’s not high-functioning.

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Question?: Adhd Symptoms In Adults

George asks…

Is medication necessary for adults who are diagnosed with high functioning autism?

In a world where everyone is diagnosed with something, unfortunately I have been labed Bipolar and ADHD as an adult, even though the symptoms did not quite fit. Upon starting college, behaviors and ways of learning seemed to give way to a new diagnosis (which replaced the others). Is this something that can be harnessed to be a positive force in one’s life, or is medication pushed on people who are diagnosed with this form of autism? If so, why?

admin answers:

My son has been diagnosed with ADHD & I have a 10 yr old grandson that has been diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome. When I was young I was just considered a very shy & quite kid. Now in my mid 70’s my daughter is convinced the Asperger’s Syndrome was inherited from me. Medication for ADHD did help my son learn better & make better grades in school, but no medication exists for Asperger’s. I’ve had a wonderful life to date & find nothing wrong with my dislike of meaningless conversation with people I have nothing in common with.
This “one size fits all” mentality & a desire for sameness appears to be a product of a society wishing to label & categorize each & every person. My grandson has an IQ of 165 & is typically at the top of his class in any subject, but has no friends among his peers… Therefore they see this as abnormal, while I view it as normal. My wife & I both have IQs above 140.

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Test

Jenny asks…

Asperger Syndrome: What are the necessary assessments carried out by a school?

I was just wondering if anyone could provide me with any information or references for the necessary steps taken by a school to ensure they are able to meet the needs of a child with Asperger syndrome.

admin answers:

First it is included in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

What evaluation items are used can depend on the age of the child but here is a general outline:

1 – the student has to have some educational need (not they are getting B’s and should get A’s.) could be work completion, interacting with peers, blurting, etc.
2 – a multidisciplinary team would look at some or all of the following:
– IQ – a variety of tests are possible – this gets to intellectual capacity, difficulties in processing speed or working memory.
3 – academic testing – Woodcock Johnson is the most common.
4 – perhaps some Language pragmatics or social communication assessment tools.
5 – probably a Behavior Assessment Scale or Social Skills inventory.
6 observations by teachers in different settings
7 interviews with student – parent etc
8 independent work skills checklist possibly.
9 Review of any behavior reports, academic status, review of outside reports.

That gives the team a good idea of what is interfering and what style of intervention or assistance would be needed.

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Question?: Adhd Diet

Robert asks…

Where do I start in having my daughter tested for ADHD?

I’ve suspected my daughter has had ADHD since she was 3. She can’t seem to sit still and is always on the go. When other kids sit calmly, she just doesn’t seem to be able to. She is 5 now and in school. I’d like to have her tested for ADHD. How do I go about this? Do I take her to her regular doctor to get this started?

admin answers:

Well I just went through this. My seven year old was recently diagnosed.

My daughter was not a disciplinary problem, she was not singled out, but she blurted things out, was figedity, talked excessively, and just could not concentrated. Her grades were good. Anyhow becuase she was such an agreeable child, they overlooked her issues. I however was noticing them at home so I took the bull by the horns. I talked to the teacher first and asked her opinion. I tried diet modification but in her case, it DID NOT WORK because I was extremely reluctant to put her on medicine. I tried that for about 2 months. When I realized it was not working and I felt at my wits end, I made an appt with my pediatrician. My pediatrician sent me home with two questionaires, one for me and one for the school teacher. I came back with those to her and she told me based on those answers, she was referring me to a child psychologist. Now I have a private PPO insurance company so I didn’t have the wait. If you WAIT for the school to do it, it often takes 4 months I am told to get into a psychologist. Anyhow I went in to the pyschologist and told her my concerns. She gave me more forms for the teacher and I to do. Her’s were more in depth. Anyhow I brought those back to her before my daughter’s second appointment. The second and third appts were testing themselves. The testing sessions were about an hour each. They test for learning disabilities, how her work level is stacking up to her IQ and so on. Anyhow then I came back on my own with my hubby to hear the results. Once I had the results, i went back to the pediatrician her prescribed her something. Then we tried a couple before we got it right.

Anyhow life is MUCH better now. My daughter is doing well. She is still her self, brattiness at times and all. She is able to focus, raises her hand, remembers things better, and can concentrate. Anyhow hopefully telling you my story…..explained where to go from here. GOOD LUCK.

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Question?: Autism Signs In Older Children

Ken asks…

How do you know if your 14 year old is autistic?

We think our 14 year old boy has autism. What are some signs of it at such an old age? Is it even possible to discover now? Please no links, write out instead, sorry my compute is kind of old!):

admin answers:

Usually your son’s GEN ED teacher(s) would have recommended him to the SPED team based on his performance/behavior/academics in school.

If he has not been referred by a teacher, contact Child Find. It is a national, free service that is offered to observe your son in a setting (preferably at school). However, you may need to talk to his General Ed teacher, or ask to speak to the Special Education/ IEP team.

Why do you think he is autistic?

I would also bring him to the pediatrician. There are many tests that your son will have to take; IQ, Oral, Reading, fluency, etc to determine if he does have a disability.

If he is diagnosed with autism (or perhaps, Aspergers), he will be looked at by his school’s Special Education team and they will have a meeting with you discussing the services/accommodation that can be given to him.

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Fathers’s Day: A Journey into the Mind and Heart of My Extraordinary Son

I found the book Fathers’s Day: A Journey into the Mind and Heart of My Extraordinary Son on my doorstep last week with a note from a friend:

“Read this book. It’s by the guy who wrote Friday Night Lights. So, so good minus the usual sugar coating and you will relate.

Twins Zach and Gerry Bissinger

I started reading and did little else till I finished.

The book tells the story of Buzz Bissinger’s twin sons, who  were born three and a half months premature in 1983. They were the youngest male twins ever to survive at that time at Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia.Gerry weighed one pound and fourteen ounces, Zachary one pound and eleven ounces–medical miracles. Gerry was born first, and because of his position in the womb, his lungs were more fully developed than Zach’s. His brain got the oxygen it needed in the first moments of life.  Zach’s did not.

Brain damage settled like a patchy mist, some places forever abandoned, and yet some places heightened and magnified. Zach would eventually be able to walk and talk. Remarkably, he would suffer no physical side effects from his birth. He loves to communicate in simple snippets, mostly by asking questions. He can be unwittingly funny because he tells the truth of his feelings but his IQ places him on the borderline of mental retardation. Why sugarcoat it? My son is mentally retarded.

There are many ways that parents of children with disabilities describe their experience, and their children with friends who have “normal children.” We use words like intellectually disabled, splinter skills, neurotypical, and developmentally delayed. When people ask us how “severe” our kids are, or what their actual grade level is, we struggle to come up with a dignified answer.

But when we’re with other parents who have similar experiences, we relax and share the blunt realities of raising a child with significant challenges– about our guilt, our hopes and fears. Being the parent of a child with a disability is really, really hard. As I read Father’s Day, I felt that kind of kinship with the author.

Bissinger admits, for example that his marriage fell part in the midst of Zach’s medical troubles. “I didn’t feel like crying,” he says. “I just felt like walking away.” He regrets the time that he “checked out”  of his paternal responisbilities with the demands of his career as a Pulitzer Prize winning writer for the Chicago Tribune and Philadelphia Inquirer, and author of “Friday Night Lights”.

Still, there is no question that he is a loving and emotionally engaged father.

In 2007, when his twins were 24 years old (Gerry, a graduate student at Penn, and Zach, a bag boy at the local grocery store) Buzz and Zach hit the road to revisit all the places they have lived together during Zach’s 24 years. Zach revels in his memories, and Buzz hopes this journey into their shared past will bring them closer and reveal to him the mysterious workings of his son’s mind and heart. He also hopes it will help him to better come to grips with the radical differences in his beloved twin boys, inverted mirrors of one another when defined by the usual barometers of what we think it means to be successful.

Great book.


Buzz Bissinger is in town! He’ll be at Book Passage Wednesday May 3o at Book Passage in Corte Madera at 7pm and at Books Inc. at Opera Plaza on Thursday May 31 at 7pm.


Got  questions? Need resources? Email me here citybights@sfgate.com and I will do my very best to help.


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Aspergers – Some Practical Bits Of Information

We should get to know that we cannot deal with something that we have no absolute knowledge of. The essential components of fixing problems and giving us hope is information and preparation. A kid with Aspergers can be hard to deal with because some of their basic social skills are late in developing. A good form of communication and establishing a good relationship might seem problematic initially. The kid has various interests and they have a hard time concentrating in one task, they might also have compulsive behavior tendencies, which can make the task a daunting one.

But this should not be a cause for frustration. A parent, a teacher and family members could learn to deal with these problems once they begin understanding how. The main goal is to help kids with Aspergers syndrome upgrade their social skills. Getting them to maintain eye contact is a basic thing which could help them sustain their social and interaction skills. Children who have the syndrome could be brilliant; some of them excel in subject areas such as math and music.  Many of them have an above average or superior IQ.  We should just be patient in dealing with them.

We want them to experience a normal life. We want our children to avoid being bullied and teach them the skills that they would need to learn to survive this world.  The good thing is that you do not have to be alone in dealing with your kid’s syndrome. Research and several institutions extend their guidance.

One of the options which you could consider is special education. They have crafted the art of focusing on learning techniques on how they need to deal with special kids. A speech therapist could also be sought to help your kid.

A teacher could even upgrade the visual aids to get the attention of a kid with the syndrome. If you will learn how to motivate the kid the tendency is that you would help them to decrease unwanted behaviors and instead, they could begin to concentrate on the lesson.

A child who is motivated is less likely to show negative behavior towards their classmates. You could also find ways on how you could make your daily life seem more enjoyable, as a parent. Spend time with your child and let them feel that they’re important and loved. Now go and help that kid with aspergers.

Access the best Asperger syndrome community to assist with your parenting by going to http://www.parentingaspergerscommunity.com
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Autism Signs Baby – Signs That Your Baby Is Autistic

Autism Signs Baby

Several years ago, autism can only be recognized in children as early as 18 to 24 months of age. But today, after several studies and observations, we can now recognize the earlier signs of autism in babies. Signs include having an unusual eye contact, peculiarities of hearing, and social development and play.

The word “autism” is derived from the Greek word “autos” which means “self”, and it affects the way children view others in relation to themselves. This is why autistic children can be best described as “having their own world”. They want to play and be alone, do not want to be touched or hugged, and have problems interacting with others.

Autism is a pervasive disorder which affects multiple areas of functioning. ASD affects children differently – in their cognitive ability, in their IQ, in developing communications skills, in their relationship with others even with their own parents, and so many more.

Although there are still debates about the causes of autism, experts believe that the earlier autistic children receive treatment, the better the outcome is likely to be. Early intervention makes a huge difference in the battle against autism in babies. Signs of autism must be carefully observed and seek immediate help if you spot them in your child. Instead of playing the wait-and-see game, parents must be vigilant in observing the development of their child. This will greatly contribute in enhancing the quality of life of children. Autism Signs Baby

Researchers and experts are now claiming that they can recognize autism as young as 6 months old or even earlier in some cases. The good thing about this is that new and earlier treatment for autism can then be developed and it can make a huge difference in the child’s future.

Here are the red flags of autism in babies – signs that your baby is autistic:

Eye Contact – Having an unusual gaze or in making an eye contact is a very common sing of autism in babies. Signs of disinterest with other people and the environment can also be observed.

Hearing – Autistic babies respond less when called upon compared to normal developing babies. They are also not affected by any audible changes in the surroundings. Hence, most autistic babies are initially suspected of being deaf.

Social Development and Play – Autistic babies may show lack of interest in the types of play that other infants enjoy, even those which involve social interaction with the parents.

Because these early signs can vary in severity and symptoms, they may go unrecognized. Therefore, parents must be careful in observing the behavior of autism in babies. Signs of autism can also be a sign of other disorders.

Also, according to one research, a child who has an older brother or sister diagnosed with autism is more likely to be autistic as well. Parents may notice that their child’s physical development is different from others. Having a larger than the normal head circumference is said to be an indication of autism in babies. Signs of having unusual facial expressions and gestures can also be noted. Autism Signs Baby

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