Tag Archives: Intonation

Question?: Pdd Nos Symptoms

William asks…

What are the symptoms of autism in children under two?

admin answers:

Appears indifferent to surroundings
Appears content to be alone, happier to play alone
Displays lack of interest in toys
Displays lack of response to others
Does not point out objects of interest to others (called protodeclarative pointing)
Marked reduction or increase in activity level
Resists cuddling

Young children with autism usually have impaired language development. They often have difficulty expressing needs (i.e., use gestures instead of words) and may laugh, cry, or show distress for unknown reasons. Some autistic patients develop rudimentary language skills that do not serve as an effective form of communication. They may develop abnormal patterns of speech that lack intonation and expression and may repeat words or phrases repetitively (called echolalia). Some children with autism learn to read.

Autistic children do not express interest in other people and often prefer to be alone. They may resist changes in their routine, repeat actions (e.g., turn in circles, flap their arms) over and over, and engage in self-injurious behavior (e.g., bite or scratch themselves, bang their head).

Other symptoms in young children include:
Avoids cuddling or touching
Frequent behavioral outbursts, tantrums
Inappropriate attachments to objects
Maintains little or no eye contact
Over- or undersensitivity to pain, no fear of danger
Sustained abnormal play
Uneven motor skills
Unresponsiveness to normal teaching methods and verbal clues (may appear to be deaf despite normal hearing)

Research has shown that autism occurs more often in first born children and males. My daughter (first born) was an incredibly easy, cuddly baby, but definitely displayed language/communication delays. Her diagnosis is Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS).

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Quiz

Michael asks…

How do you know you have Asperger syndrome?

I suffer from depression and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. I always feel low on myself and feel akward in life. I just seem like i dont want anything to do with relationships, I always have to start trouble if there’s nothing to think about. I cannot look at people. I’m scared of being alone in life. I’m 19 years old?

admin answers:

Here’s an overview of the symptoms. You probably won’t have every single one of them, but that’s normal.

– Lack of social understanding. This is the underlying problem in some of the the other symptoms.
– Difficulty conversing successfully. This could mean talking too much, talking too little, talking about situationally inappropriate subjects, being excessively and brutally honest, simply not having a clue about what to say, or applying learned conversation skills in an awkward and forced way.
– Difficulty making or keeping friends.
– Limited ability to interpret nonverbal communication like body language and facial expression.
– Difficulty relating to and empathizing with others.
– Trouble making and maintaining eye contact.
– Obsessive interests, usually in odd or narrow subjects.
– Need for sameness and routine. This often resembles OCD.
– Rigid or black-and-white thinking.
– Need for plans and schedules; strong dislike of spontaneity.
– Tendency to interpret things literally. This could manifest as an inability to understand figurative language like metaphor and sarcasm. More subtley, it could mean taking what people say at face value.
– Speaking in a pedantic or overly formal way.
– Speaking in a monotone or otherwise odd intonation.
– Above average intelligence, especially in verbal abilities.
– Motor coordination issues. People with AS are often very clumsy and are slow to acquire skills like tying shoes or riding a bike.
– Sensory sensitivities. Certain kinds of noise, light, texture, etc. Can cause us anything from mild discomfort to extreme pain. We might also be undersensitive to other stimuli, usually pain.
– Inability to filter out background stimuli. We can’t tune out little things like the hum of the computer or the sound of cars driving by, which can be incredibly distracting. This and the aforementioned sensitivites lead to…
– Tendency to get overwhelmed in high-stimulation places like grocery stores or busy streets. This can lead to an uncontrollable meltdown or shut-down.
– Auditory processing problems. Some of us have trouble understanding what people are saying even though our hearing is fine. This is partly to do with the lack of a sensory filter.
– Synesthesia, or crossed senses. For example, I can see sounds.
– Trouble concentrating, organizing, and planning effectively.
– High levels of anxiety and depression.

I recommend reading more about Asperger’s. You might want to take http://www.rdos.net/eng/Aspie-quiz.php this test. It is NOT a diagnosis, but it could help you understand Asperger’s better. The best thing to do if you research it and still believe you have it is to see a specialist. Your GP should be able to suggest someone. Best of luck!

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mom, watch this! on huffpo


My post today is over at the Huffington Post. Since we had so much fun at the pool together yesterday, I figured we might at well head back there again. I hope you won’t mind joining me on a short trip ..


April, 2011 .. The girls and I are on vacation in Florida. 


Brooke is on her third trip back to our table from the restaurant’s tiny toy room. A pattern has emerged. She carries a giraffe figurine in one hand and two puzzle pieces in the other. The puzzle pieces fit together — a small giraffe and a bigger one. “Look, Mom,” she says as she sets the three objects down on the table. “It’s a family.”

She will do this three more times. A cow family, a rhino family and a pig family will all grace the table in due time. She will herald each one’s arrival with the same sentence, delivered with the EXACT same intonation each time — “Look, Mom. It’s a family.”

Each and every time I will beam with pride and marvel at the wonder of my child.


Later that morning, we are at the pool. Brooke is diving for the butterfly sinkers that I bought for her when we arrived here. “Mom, watch this,” she says. When she hears me say that I’m watching, she dives first for the pink one, Isla; then the yellow one, Ruby. Once together, they will look for Tophie, the orange one. The routine never changes.

I sit next to another mom by the side of the pool. Her son is 3, as he happily tells anyone within earshot. He’s edible — all boy — a dense, round-tummied bundle of raw energy stuffed into a floatie. He jumps off the ledge again and again. “Mom, watch me!” he says. “Are you watching me, Mom? Mom, I’m gonna make a HUGE splash this time. Watch, Mom! Are you watching?”

She smiles at me. I smile back. Her son climbs out of the pool and immediately crouches down to jump again. “Mom, did you see that one? It was HUGE! OK, look, Mom! Don’t stop looking!”

In the water nearby, Brooke, Isla and Ruby are getting ready to find Tophie. “Mom, watch this,” she says. I tell her I’m watching and she disappears into the water.

Please click HERE to read the rest of the post over at HuffPost.


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Childhood & Autism

Childhood & Autism

Impairment in Language Use
Many autistic children do not reach the level of active language use. When there is no significant development in language skills before the age of six, the prognosis is dim and the child will stay autistic. Passive use of language (understanding spoken language) might be well developed, even though this might not seem obvious.

Speech develops more slowly and is filled with unripe elements and a different syntax. These children often do not talk about themselves as I but in the second or third person (pronominal reversal). They also tend to imitate adults with the same intonation or by changing each sentence in a question (echolalia). Some children copy the adult’s language perfectly without understanding exactly what the real meaning is (delayed echolalia). They often use a language with their own words and word combinations from existing words: neologism. Their voice melody is even, metallic or insecure questioning.
Other people’s sayings are taken literally (literalness). Humor, jokes, etc. can thus become very threatening to an autistic child.
What You Should Know About Autism Spectrum Disorders

Impairment in the handling of information
Oversensitivity to sensory sensations makes these children often react with panic or anxiety when confronted with sudden or hefty sensations such as harsh noises or changes in light and darkness.

The skin can also be seen as a large sensory organ, and their skin isn’t considered as a division between themselves and their surroundings. They are very receptive to changes in mood in their vicinity. They can, however, shut out outside impressions by pretending to be deaf or simply pretending not being able to see you. Sometimes they will lock themselves in a cupboard. Sometimes they can become panicky or start a screaming fit due to a small scratch on their hand, while a severe injury on for example their foot will hardly evoke a reaction.

The way they handle food might also be different. They might reject all kinds of food or might for instance only enjoy porridge; their senses are often used in a sensopatic (feel and act) manner: moving fingers quickly back and forth near their ears, moving their open hand up and down in front of their eyes, losing themselves in the changing light fall.

Some may kick on hearing noises. Background sounds are often heard in a crystal clear manner. There is a weak integration of sensory input. Keeping a bird’s eye view and being able to distinguish important from unimportant things is lacking or costs a lot of effort. They often like to smell things or people and often put objects in their mouth.

Remarkably, a lot of these children are fond of music or even musically talented.

Impairment in the motoric and motorial development
Motoric development of a child suffering from autism is usually delayed. Often this development shows leaps and bounds in different dimensions: long periods of status quo, then a sudden acceleration, sometimes after an illness. The rough and fine motor system is often unripe or lagging behind. You can often see stereotyped or ritual behavior like rhythmically walking back and forth. Excitement can lead to fluttering hands and tiptoe walking.

Older children often move their upper body forwards and backwards. Sudden panic or anger can lead to shouting fits accompanied with hitting, kicking or spitting on others.

Sometimes auto mutilation occurs, where the inwardly directed anger can be focused on specific senses, sometimes on other parts of the body, for instance head banging. Over-activity can be alternated with periods of stillness. Facial expressions are often plain and express stupefaction. When they are small, these children often make a perfect, beautiful impression: these are princes or elf children.

Impairment in cognitive development
Nowadays it is assumed that about half of the children suffering autism function on a mentally handicapped level. Some of these children have partial, very talented powers such as a phenomenal memory for figures or certain events. Their imagination and thoughts are very visually oriented.

Working with non-speaking autistics through ‘supportive communication’ has taught us that they are capable of intelligent thoughts but at the same time they have difficulty using language as a medium to express these thoughts. It is clear that ‘normal’ intelligent tests are not fit to work with the autistic child’s different level of consciousness.

Tagged as: Childhood & Autism

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Autistic Signs – Signs And Symptoms Of The Autistic Disorder

Autistic Signs

The mainly signs of autism crop up during the early infancy and the disorder is usually diagnosed by the age of 3 when parents are alarmed by the abnormal development of their child. Infants above all improve usually until the age of 2 when the growth as well as the mental development hastily regresses. Autistic Signs

The autistic symptoms vary from one patient to another, from what i read in mild to severe forms. Between the first warning signs is the abnormal response to different stimuli like light or sound. Noises may appear painful to them, smells are overwhelmingly strong and touches are receipted as pains.

Loud noises caused by vehicles or machines, and very bright lights from different sources, trigger crises and inconsolable crying. The most specific behavior for the autistic patients is the indifference showed to the surroundings and the satisfaction of playing and being alone. They show no real interest in toys and are usually uninterested to interact with others, characteristics called in the medical specialty as protodeclarative pointing.

The activity level varies from an increase to reduction and autistic children resist cuddling. Autistic patients laugh, cry or are feeling distressed for unapparent reasons and cannot express their needs using the actual language. The use different gesture instead of words to express their wishes, as the impaired language development is obvious. Autistic Signs

Patients with high functioning autism manage to develop certain rudimentary communication skills but these cannot really serve for an actual social interaction. Some words or phrases are used repetitively (echolalia) and their patterns of speech lack expression or intonation. Usually these patients want to be alone and show no interest to other people’s presence.

Resisting changes in their routine or repeating an action over and over again is a part of their daily behavior. Autistic patients tend to flap their arms or turn in circles repetitively and with unknown meaning. In severe distress periods they engage in self-injurious actions like biting or scratching themselves, banging their heads. Warning signs in small children are their reject for cuddling or touching, often behavioral outbursts, inexplicable attachment to some objects and the radical ignorance to many others. Autistic Signs

Autistic persons cannot maintain an actual eye-contact, they do not fear danger and show an under sensitivity towards pain. Most of these children prove an abnormal sustained play combined with uneven motor skills. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autistic Signs program now!

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Activities For Aspergers Children – What Teachers Need to Know About Teaching Students With Asperger’s Syndrome

Activities For Aspergers Children

Asperger’s syndrome, additionally known as Asperger’s disorder is one of the greater amount of milder developmental disorders on the autism spectrum. Any symptom of Asperger’s syndrome effect social behavior, language, and behavior in general. Activities For Aspergers Children

Asperger’s symptoms occur from developmental delays and impairment in social skills, communication and behavior. The social behavior is evident by the following actions which is a result from developmental delays and impairment in social skills, communication and behavior. Activities For Aspergers Children

*avoidance of eye contact

*difficulty connecting with people especially with friends

*difficulty sharing with other people

*difficulty understanding and picking out their emotions

*conversations that center on themselves

*socially inappropriate behavior. Activities For Aspergers Children

There are also delays in communication and language development. However, Asperger’s children have large and developed oral vocabularies for their age. Asperger’s children have difficulty understanding social behaviors expressed by subtle nuances like sarcastic play and double meanings. Asperger’s speech patterns often seem odd. Activities For Aspergers Children

To people who don’t know or understand them, Asperger’s speech are strange. Their tone, intonation and volume are often inappropriate what the message of what is being said. People with Asperger’s also have difficulty interpreting and showing non-verbal communication. Asperger’s children often struggle with motor skills such as catching balls learning to ride a bike as well as developing the ability to write legibly. Activities For Aspergers Children

Asperger’s children may also have sensory issues. They may be intolerable to certain sounds, smells or physical sensations may be unbearable which would otherwise be normal to a non-Asperger’s child. A light touch may also feel unbearable. Some Asperger’s kids experience an extremely rare condition called synesthesia, where the level of touch is almost intolerable than it is to the average person. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Activities For Aspergers Children program now!

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