Tag Archives: Intervention Programs

Question?: Pdd Symptoms

Paul asks…

Can someone please explain to me in detail what Autism is?

And what the symptoms are? That would be awesome!

admin answers:

Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain, impacting development in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Both children and adults with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. One should keep in mind however, that autism is a spectrum disorder and it affects each individual differently and at varying degrees – this is why early diagnosis is so crucial. By learning the signs, a child can begin benefiting from one of the many specialized intervention programs.

Autism is one of five disorders that falls under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by “severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development.”

Autism is a spectrum disorder, and although it is defined by a certain set of behaviors, children and adults with autism can exhibit any combination of these behaviors in any degree of severity. Two children, both with the same diagnosis, can act completely different from one another and have varying capabilities.

You may hear different terms used to describe children within this spectrum, such as autistic-like, autistic tendencies, autism spectrum, high-functioning or low-functioning autism, more-abled or less-abled; but more important than the term used to describe autism is understanding that whatever the diagnosis, children with autism can learn and function normally and show improvement with appropriate treatment and education.

Every person with autism is an individual, and like all individuals, has a unique personality and combination of characteristics. Some individuals mildly affected may exhibit only slight delays in language and greater challenges with social interactions. They may have difficulty initiating and/or maintaining a conversation. Their communication is often described as talking at others instead of to them. (For example, monologue on a favorite subject that continues despite attempts by others to interject comments).

People with autism also process and respond to information in unique ways. In some cases, aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior may be present. Persons with autism may also exhibit some of the following traits:

~Insistence on sameness; resistance to change
~Difficulty in expressing needs, using gestures or pointing instead of words
~Repeating words or phrases in place of normal, responsive language
~Laughing (and/or crying) for no apparent reason showing distress for reasons not apparent to others
~Preference to being alone; aloof manner
~Tantrums
~Difficulty in mixing with others
~Not wanting to cuddle or be cuddled
~Little or no eye contact
~Unresponsive to normal teaching methods
~Sustained odd play
~Spinning objects
~Obsessive attachment to objects
~Apparent over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain
~No real fears of danger
~Noticeable physical over-activity or extreme under-activity
~Uneven gross/fine motor skills
~Non responsive to verbal cues; acts as if deaf, although hearing tests in normal range.

For most of us, the integration of our senses helps us to understand what we are experiencing. For example, our sense of touch, smell and taste work together in the experience of eating a ripe peach: the feel of the peach’s skin, its sweet smell, and the juices running down your face. For children with autism, sensory integration problems are common, which may throw their senses off they may be over or under active. The fuzz on the peach may actually be experienced as painful and the smell may make the child gag. Some children with autism are particularly sensitive to sound, finding even the most ordinary daily noises painful. Many professionals feel that some of the typical autism behaviors, like the ones listed above, are actually a result of sensory integration difficulties.

There are also many myths and misconceptions about autism. Contrary to popular belief, many autistic children do make eye contact; it just may be less often or different from a non-autistic child. Many children with autism can develop good functional language and others can develop some type of communication skills, such as sign language or use of pictures. Children do not “outgrow” autism but symptoms may lessen as the child develops and receives treatment.

One of the most devastating myths about autistic children is that they cannot show affection. While sensory stimulation is processed differently in some children, they can and do give affection. However, it may require patience on the parents’ part to accept and give love in the child’s terms.

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Question?: Pdd

William asks…

What are the chances of my PDD-NOS preschooler eventually joining the mainstream?

Our daughter, 3.5, has been in therapy for developmental delays since the age of 14 months; we got a diagnosis of PDD-NOS about a year ago. She currently attends a special needs preschool. She is verbal, but her speech is stilted: she cannot have a conversation, and all utterances are either requests or narration. She does not ask any questions yet, and her social skills are extremely delayed, as are her fine motor skills. Gross motor is delayed but not as badly. Focus and attention to task is very hard for her; sensory issues cause her to be in near-constant movement.

In addition to the SN school setting, she receives speech therapy, PT, OT, play therapy, and 10 hours of ABA. We have not tried any biomedical interventions aside from fish oil supplements, as per her developmental pediatrician. We expect her to be in special education for the foreseeable future, but it gnaws at me constantly to think that she may not be able to live independently or someday join the mainstream.

admin answers:

My response to your question is a composite of my own thinking and experience, and research in the field of autism/PDD.

Continuing with effective and intensive intervention programs can make a huge difference in the outcome for your daughter.

The current thinking in the autistic community is that autism is a puzzle to which we do not yet have all the pieces. Our children are also like the pieces of a puzzle which need to be connected together to make a fully integrated, unified child.

YOu are already using ABA to help create structure and meaning and build upon your daughter’s strengths and abilities. The highest levels of success with ABA are achieved when a child receives at least 30 hours a week of one-on-one therapy. ABA- type therapies have been statistically shown to improve the prognosis of virtually all autistic children, so if you can increase ABA I would do it, making sure, of course, that the therapist is a very good one. (I did not really believe in the benefits of ABA until my daughter started working with children and youth with autism.)

Additionally speech therapy is of utmost importance – continue with as much as possible. Prognosis is markedly better for individuals who develop some meaningful verbal language before the age of 5 years.

Keep your daughter as engaged in the outside world and stimulated as much as possible during the day in activities that provide an external structure for building meaning, comprehension and organization. Provide ample opportunities for her to use new behviors she learns in real life situations.

As you know PPD-NOS is a life-long disability. There are no cures, and even those individuals who proclaim themselves “recovered” continue to have difficulties with subtle social processes. The most accurate predictor of outcome is the amount of progress over a period of about 1 year from early diagnosis. However, with advances in education, early intervention, and research, today individuals with Autism/PDD have a greatly expanded range of outcomes as adults. Current trends, based on increased knowledge of how to educate children with Autism and the importance of early education, emphasize building skills and abilities in order to prepare young adults with Autism/PDD to work, to live in the community, and in some cases, to pursue higher education. Outcome appears to depend on both degree of overall impairment and intensity of educational interventions.

Systematic and intensive educational programming can make a huge difference. You will have to specifically teach your daughter many of the things other kids may learn vicariously. But most likely she can learn many of these skills. Unfortunately not enough is known about PDD to accurately predict yet how individual children will progress. As your daughter gets older better prediction will be possible.

Before your child reaches school age search out the best schools to address her needs, as not all schools deal with your daughter’s type of issues well. Try to make sure when she starts school that she is placed in the highest functioning environment possible so that her skills will be enhanced. Continue to focus strongly on the language and social issues.

I am not aware of any findings that suggest biomedical interventions make a difference.

If you are in the US become very familiar with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to be sure you understand your rights and your daughter’s rights.

Your daughter is very fortunate that she has had such early intervention and a wealth of it.

I have included some links which you may already be aware of. I hope these thoughts are of some help to you. YOu sound like you are an excellent advocate for your daughter. That will make an immense difference to her progress and her life.

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Autisem – Using Autism Treatments For Maximum Benefit

Autisem

While info is plentiful, knowing the proper autism service is a head in progress. There are still many unanswered topics approximately how and why autism happens. There are currently no medical tests accessible for diagnosing autism, commonly referred to as “autistic spectrum disorder”. Autisem

A diagnosis is based upon behavior and developmental history. Autism does have specific patterns of behavior that doctors look for. However, not all autistic children display the “typical” autistic behavior. Some children may have some of the behaviors, but not all of them, which can sometimes delay the official diagnosis of autism. The one thing that all experts can agree on is the importance of early treatment and intervention programs. Early intervention can offer significant improvement in symptomatic behavior and can improve the overall prognosis.

Understanding proper autism treatment requires an understanding of the importance that must be placed on the proper environment. A high quality treatment plan for a young child includes 25 hours per week of intensive interaction with other children and therapists in a tightly controlled setting offering highly structured daily routines, and visual cues. Visual cues can show the child through the use of pictures or drawings, the sequences in their daily activities, and what the child can expect. Because deviation from routines can cause anxiety, advance preparation for any kind of deviation from the normal routine is part of the treatment plan. Visual cues are used to compensate for language deficits experienced by autistic children. These are sometimes also referred to in autism treatment environments as visual schedules. Autisem

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Understanding proper autism treatment must include a basic understanding of the disorders that commonly go along with the autism diagnosis. ADHD, depression, OCD, behavioral problems and anxiety are all conditions that are commonly associated with autism. These conditions can be treated with medications that will ease symptoms. Diet and vitamin supplementation are also widely thought to have a role in easing some symptoms associated with autism for some people. A reduction of gluten in the diet, and an increase in B vitamins, are the most common adaptations when utilizing these options. Scientific data is not clear on how or why this treatment works for some people. For some people this small adjustment eases symptoms and can provide a degree of relief. Autisem

Understanding the proper autism treatment can make a significant difference in the overall severity of the condition, and the ability of people with autism to learn the strategies necessary to enable them to reach their highest possible potential. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autisem program now!

Feeling lost without solutions? Autisem is a proven Autism Solution for your Child. Try The Program and change child’s life forever!
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Autistic Support Groups – Practical Tips For Distressed Parents

Autistic Support Groups

Having a child diagnosed with autism may be fraught amid heavy emotions for various parents but it is a time when properties are required to to still be their wits about them, learn the true quantity of autism and what they can do to assistance the child grow as a healthy, magnificent and capable individual. This knowledge will guide parents in learning and applying proven, scientific resources in struggling through the disorder and training such a own emotional responses so the child does not feel unloved. Autistic Support Groups

Contacting the National Autism Society of America and finding out about other parents with a child who has autism is a step forward to being with persons in a similar situation who can be a support group for them; parents get to discuss and find release for their feelings besides gaining valuable information about the condition affecting their child. Besides local chapters associated with Autism support, parents have a wealth of resources handy, though these are usually in contact with top doctors, intervention programs and have right knowledge about arranging workshops for both your child and the family so should be used as a guide to Autism treatment. Autistic Support Groups

These support groups are a fund of learning resources on autism and dealing with them and even children in the family not affected by the disorder can join these to learn how best to treat their sibling who has been diagnosed with Autism; thus, local support groups double up as learning centers for desirable behavior for family members who may otherwise have been overwhelmed by the news of the disorder affecting a loved one. Autistic Support Groups

From tips on living and treating an autistic child to points they must remember in order to avoid acting against the welfare of the child’s progress, a local support group has many specially designed programs for different age groups and levels of autism: they make it possible to learn more about the illness so are beneficial for families in need of building a supportive environment so an autistic child can grow normally. Autistic Support Groups

Those parents whose child has recently been diagnosed with autism may also be benefited by considering marriage counseling as having a special child can put a strain on the relationship, leading to arguments, blame-game, fault-finding even neglecting each other, which is harmful for the fabric of the family. Many marriages break down under the stress associated with lack of supportive spouses or knowledge about dealing with autism, so counselling therapy is very important. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autistic Support Groups program now!

Feeling lost without solutions? Autistic Support Groups is a proven Autism Solution for your Child. Try The Program and change child’s life forever!
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