Tag Archives: Infancy

Question?: Autism Signs And Symptoms

David asks…

Do children with autism have a bigger shaped head?

I am researching autism in children under 3 right now. My friend and I have been discussing my son. We believe, my son is showing signs of autism. My friend said he has autistic children in his family and those children have big heads. Like rounder in the back of the head.

Does anyone know if this is typical in autism?

admin answers:

It’s typical of autism.

Http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/12/071208092451.htm

In fact, all children who suffer severe stress in early infancy–premature birth, caesarean birth, surgery or severe illness shortly after birth, etc– experience rapid neuronal overgrowth.

The big exception is a supposed form of autism called “Rett Syndrome” where one of the symptoms is microcephaly.
Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rett_syndrome

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Causes

Mark asks…

is rett syndrome caused by a single gene or more than one gene?

admin answers:

Its is hard to say, Please read the following it seems like a lot but it’ll give you a better idea:

Most cases of classic Rett syndrome are caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. This gene provides instructions for making a protein (MeCP2) that is critical for normal brain development. The MeCP2 protein likely plays a role in forming connections (synapses) between nerve cells. Researchers believe that this protein has several functions, including regulating other genes in the brain by switching them off when they are not needed. The MeCP2 protein may also control the production of different versions of certain proteins in nerve cells. Although mutations in the MECP2 gene disrupt the normal function of nerve cells, it is unclear how these mutations lead to the signs and symptoms of Rett syndrome.

Males with mutations in the MECP2 gene often die before birth or in infancy. A small number of males with a MECP2 mutation, however, have developed signs and symptoms similar to those of classic Rett syndrome. Some of these boys have an extra X chromosome in many or all of the body’s cells. The extra X chromosome contains a normal copy of the MECP2 gene, which produces enough of the MeCP2 protein for the boys to survive. Other males with features of Rett syndrome have mutations in the MECP2 gene that occur after conception and are present in only a fraction of the body’s cells. In rare cases, researchers have discovered that the MECP2 gene is abnormally duplicated in boys with intellectual disability and some developmental problems characteristic of Rett syndrome.

Mutations in the CDKL5 gene cause an atypical form of Rett syndrome in females called the early-onset seizure variant. The CDKL5 gene provides instructions for making a protein that appears to be essential for normal brain development. Although the function of this protein is unknown, it may play a role in regulating the activity of other genes. Researchers are working to determine how mutations in the CDKL5 gene lead to seizures and the features of Rett syndrome in affected girls.

Also the following is what someone had written on the rettnet

“Rett syndrome is a clinical diagnosis. This means saying someone has Rett
syndrome depends on their clinical picture, regardless of whether a mutation is present or not. To determine whether a mutation is
responsible in your daughter would require one or both parents to be
tested looking specifically for the mutation. Typically one parent (either one) is tested first. If not found in the 1st parent, proceed to testing the 2nd parent. If a mutation is found in either parent, it is likely a polymorphism which is
a non-disease producing variation. If no mutation is found in eitherparent, then it likely to be signficant and responsible for whatever
difficulties she demonstrates. Again, Rett syndrome is a clinical diagnosis, so it is possible to have a non-polymorphism mutation in this
gene and not have Rett syndrome”

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Question?: Rett Syndrome In Boys

Helen asks…

What is Rett Syndrome?

What is the disorder and how do you get it?
What are the symptoms and how is it diagnosed?
How is it treated? Are there any possible cures?

admin answers:

Its a genetic mutation in the MEPC2 gene on the x-chromosome (which is why most boys who have it will die before birth or in ealry infancy, b/c they only have one x & girls have 2 so if one is “bad” the other still one keeps her alive)

usually diagnosed through a blood test, looking for said gene mutation. If mutation is not found it can be diagnosed thorough the “stages” criteria (go on there website retthelp or rett.org) there are 4 stages- the first one usually over looked b/c the symtpoms are usually milder then the rest.

Treatment is according to sympotoms but can range from scoliosis surgery, GI tube being put in, Anti-seizure medicines, physical therapy, eye gaze communication, & many more
People also try alternative/holistic treatments like accupuncure, massage therapy, etc..

There is no cure…YET!!
They have been able to genetically engeneer a mouse to have Rett syndrome & have been successful in reversing it 100%
& there is always hope that one day I will wake up & hear that its been cured in a living human being. Also they are trying to raise money to try EVERY drug on the market on Rett syndrome mice to see what effects it may have on the syndrome.

I believe there are possible cures..but as of right now we just dont have it

Also as a side note: the range of severity greatly depends on how many of the mutated x’s are activated/deactivated

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Question?: Autism Symptoms 18 Months

Linda asks…

At what age does the risk for developing autism go down?

Or is there a cut off age when a child/baby is no longer in the danger zone (so to speak) for getting autism?

admin answers:

Autism is not something that a child “gets” or is at a risk of “getting”. They’re either born with it or they are not.

The signs are not always evident in early infancy, but once the child doesn’t reach certain developmental milestones on time they usually undergo an evaluation and can in some cases be diagnosed with autism.

Autism is often detected between the ages 18 months and 3 years, but sometimes it’s diagnosed later than that. It can be a tricky task to diagnose autism, so sometimes the diagnosis is not confirmed until later, but usually there will be suspicion that something may be wrong.

For more information see http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/searching-for-answers/symptoms

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In Infants

Donna asks…

can autism be detected before the symptoms start?

i have a project due friday on autism and this is one of the questions

admin answers:

No at this point. There are no genetic or biological tests doctors can use to detect autism. Even though it’s a neurological disorder, it is still diagnosed based on someone’s behavior and symptoms. Researchers are working on early intervention programs that detect subtle signs of autism early in infancy, however. Some symptoms, like abnormal eye contact, may be present at just one month of age.

In response to Jerry: The symptoms don’t “start” when a person is a few years old. For one thing, the symptoms must be apparent by the age of 3. And the symptoms are still present even if they are not interpreted as symptoms. When I was just a couple months old, my parents noticed that I didn’t make eye contact or follow their gaze, but they didn’t think it was anything to be concerned about. Symptoms in infants are very subtle and easily overlooked, which is why the diagnosis is typically made around age 3, once the symptoms are more obvious.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In Teenagers

Thomas asks…

I think my 16 year old daughter is austistic. What are the symptoms?

Of autism in a teenager? before I take her to the doctor to get checked out id like to know how to tell if im just bs,ing or its the real deal .

admin answers:

Symptoms

Children with autism generally have problems in three crucial areas of development — social interaction, language and behavior. But because autism symptoms vary greatly, two children with the same diagnosis may act quite differently and have strikingly different skills. In most cases, though, severe autism is marked by a complete inability to communicate or interact with other people.

Some children show signs of autism in early infancy. Other children may develop normally for the first few months or years of life but then suddenly become withdrawn, become aggressive or lose language skills they’ve already acquired. Though each child with autism is likely to have a unique pattern of behavior, these are some common autism symptoms:

Social skills

Fails to respond to his or her name
Has poor eye contact
Appears not to hear you at times
Resists cuddling and holding
Appears unaware of others’ feelings
Seems to prefer playing alone — retreats into his or her “own world”

Language

Starts talking later than age 2, and has other developmental delays by 30 months
Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences
Doesn’t make eye contact when making requests
Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm — may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
Can’t start a conversation or keep one going
May repeat words or phrases verbatim, but doesn’t understand how to use them

Behavior

Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping
Develops specific routines or rituals
Becomes disturbed at the slightest change in routines or rituals
Moves constantly
May be fascinated by parts of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car
May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and touch and yet oblivious to pain

Young children with autism also have a hard time sharing experiences with others. When read to, for example, they’re unlikely to point at pictures in the book. This early-developing social skill is crucial to later language and social development.

As they mature, some children with autism become more engaged with others and show less marked disturbances in behavior. Some, usually those with the least severe problems, eventually may lead normal or near-normal lives. Others, however, continue to have difficulty with language or social skills, and the adolescent years can mean a worsening of behavioral problems.

Most children with autism are slow to gain new knowledge or skills, and some have signs of lower than normal intelligence. Other children with autism have normal to high intelligence. These children learn quickly yet have trouble communicating, applying what they know in everyday life and adjusting in social situations. A small number of children with autism are “autistic savants” and have exceptional skills in a specific area, such as art, math or music.

God bless u and all your family

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Identifying Early Signs of Autism

Autism symptoms are considered to begin to present themselves at the age of six months. This does not mean that it is not present before this. Autism is a developmental disorder that children are born with. It affects the development and growth of the brain. Unfortunately, it really isn’t noticed until around six months of age because this is when the signs are most noticeable. At this age a child should begin to interact more outward to his/her environment. He will begin to smile and react to stimuli in around the area. A lack of this interaction is one of the first early signs of autism.

By the age of nine months a child should begin to proactively interact with his/her parents. He/she will babble at them, point at things, and return their smiles. The lack of this interaction with the parents is another early sign of autism. At one year of age a child should be crawling, pulling himself up on things and working towards walking unheeded if he/she is not already. The child should be saying a word or two and be able to somewhat communicate with his/her parents about what they want or need.

Definitive signs of autism will have set in by two to three years of age. This means by the age of one, if autism is the cause of your child’s developmental delays you will be noticing a great difference in his/her emotional and cognitive patterns. The young child may appear not affectionate, slow, and inattentive. He/she can seem stubborn and willful; mostly this is caused because of their need to stick to a strict schedule, one that they feel comfortable with. By the time your child reaches the age of one, you will probably already be fully aware of his/her developmental disorder. In fact, a doctor should already have been consulted and a treatment method discussed.

Your child’s pediatrician will ask specific questions about his/her development at the regular checkups throughout their infancy and toddler years. The doctor will be able to detect early signs of autism and let you know what you should be aware of. Treatment should not be thought of as a cure. A child, who has autism or any of the disorders falling in that spectrum, is faced with dealing with them for a lifetime. Treatment is focused on developing within the child the necessary skills he/she will need to live a comfortable life, at least as normal as possible. Depending on the severity of the child’s symptoms he/she may or may not need supervision and care for the rest of their life. This is something your doctor will discuss with you as well. The sooner you set up a plan of action the easier it will be to fall into that routine for everyone.

Just because your child is developing at a slower rate than his/her peers does not necessarily mean he/she has autism. Be aware of the early signs of autism if your child’s development is a concern for you. But don’t overstress yourself about it. Simply keep an eye on how your son/daughter is developing and consult with his/her pediatrician if any concerns arise.

For the latest videos and training information on child development as well as books and curricula on Autism please visit childdevelopmentmedia.com.

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Can I Recognize Signs of Autism in Infants?

Early signs of autism can be detected in children under the age of 24 months, however this early it is an inexact science. Children develop at different rates. Of course, all children should still basically fall in and around the developmental milestones set up by specialists in child development. A child’s pediatrician will ask you standard questions at each checkup regarding your child’s development.

If he/she notices something that may be off, further tests and research may be needed. Also, if you notice what you think may be early signs of autism in your child, vis. no eye contact or smiles or reactions to stimuli around six months of age, no reciprocated feelings of happiness expressed towards you at nine months of age, the lack of babbling and interest in their surroundings by one year, slow communication development, if any of these signs persist well past the gray area of the developmental milestone, be sure to consult with your pediatrician.

While, a doctor is remit to diagnose any disorder within the autism spectrum before two years of age, if it is a possibility, then treatment of a sort can begin. Early recognition of developmental difficulties will make it much easier to help your child manage them as he/she grows older. Even if it isn’t autism, activities involving social interaction, activities geared towards helping a child become familiar with their environment and to take active interest in it, and the setting of a basic schedule so as to give the child some structure and safety net in their life, will help with developmental delays. If detected during infancy this also gives the parent a good amount of time to come to terms with the changes their life is going to go through.

The biggest factor in dealing with Autism is patience. Children with developmental disorders need to feel the nurture and compassion from their caregivers as early on as infancy. They may not respond in ways that you feel are normal, but a loving patient attitude from the parent, caregivers, etc. will help the child to feel safe and confident in their world. This is a great ease on their mind and will actually help them to learn, grow, and develop. Fear is one of the biggest adversaries of personal growth-physical, mental, and emotional. It is the responsibility of the adults in any child’s life to alleviate this debilitating emotion.

Remember, just because your child is experiencing some developmental delays does not mean that the final prognosis is Autism, or any other developmental disorder. Children develop at different rates, it can’t be stressed enough. Some even learn to walk skipping the crawling milestone completely. And as long as your child is effectively communicating with you even if not in full sentences when he/she is supposed to, does not mean the child has a disorder.

Don’t be afraid to talk this over with your child’s pediatrician though. Any worries or fears should be discussed because it is the primary physician that will best be able to alleviate your fears. This in turn will help you to give your child a more stable, comfortable environment, whether or not the child has autism.

For the latest videos and training information on child development as well as books and curricula on Autism please visit childdevelopmentmedia.com.

View the original article here

Autism – Causes and Treatments

Autism is one condition that requires speech therapy treatment. However, autism is often misunderstood and thought of to be something that can be left untreated. However, that should not be how things work. Autism presents a lot of problems, but the intensity of these problems could be decreased if given the correct treatment.

A lot of terms are commonly heard in relation to autism, such as: classic autism, infantile autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Atypical PDD, Autistic like, PDD-NOS, Asperger’s Syndrome and high functioning Autistic.

What Is Autism
Basically, Autism is a neurological disorder. It is classified to be a Pervasive Developmental Disorder. The main characteristic of Autism is that it affects three major areas in relation to speech and language. This triad is the impairment of the child’s: social interaction, communication and imaginative play.

Pervasive Developmental Disorder is actually an umbrella term for Autistic Spectrum Disorders. With the use of the term pervasive, it is emphasized that the disability’s range of deficits is beyond psychological development. On the other hand, the term developmental puts emphasis that the occurrence of the condition is during the child’s development rather than later in life.

Autism is actually only one condition under this umbrella. Other conditions include Rett’s Disorder, which is a neurodevelopmental disorder that begins to show its symptoms during early childhood or infancy.

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Another is Childhood Disintegrative Disorder; it somewhat resembles Autism but the difference is the first two to four years of the child’s life is rather normal, then the symptoms start to show.

Asperger’s syndrome is also in this umbrella. It is sometimes called high functioning autism. Lastly, PDD-NOS or Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not otherwise specified is also related to Autism. These are children that present symptoms similar to but don’t quite match the other conditions.

What Causes Autism
Even though a lot of research has been done, there is no identified single factor that causes Autism. Several factors are said to play a part in the occurrence of Autism. One of these is brain disorder. Recent studies show that there is a difference in the brains of people with Autism. Their cerebellum seems to be smaller than normal, and their limbic system is impaired.

Chemical imbalances are also said to play a part here. It was found that in some cases, symptoms came from food allergies, chemical deficiencies, hormonal imbalances or elevated brain chemical levels.

Heredity is also an important factor. A lot of genetic disorders have Autism as a symptom. An example would be the fragile-X syndrome. Other factors include pre-, peri-, post-natal trauma, brain damage complications and MMR immunization.

Whatever the cause may be, the child with Autism should be given the same structured training in able to stimulate his learning, language and social skills.

Diagnosis
For a child to be diagnosed of having Autism, he should first qualify for the Diagnostic Criteria for Autistic Disorders according to the DSM-IV.

Treatment
Due to the triad of Autism effects on the child, speech therapy becomes a vital part of Autism management. However, other members of the team are also needed such as pediatrician, pediatric neurologist, child psychiatrist, psychologist, occupational therapist, behavior therapist, and educators like schoolteachers or Special Education teachers.

Role Of Speech Therapist In Autism Rehabilitation
The Speech Therapist assesses hearing. He also evaluates whether the speech and language difficulties of the child is really due to Autism or another disorder. This can be taken from analyzing the child’s expressive language, receptive language, oral-motor functions, voice quality, articulation and fluency, auditory processing and pragmatic skills.
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Autistic Pdd – Guide to Pdd-NOS, Rett’s and CDD to Help You

Autistic Pdd

Autism spectrum disorder has other categories, which can be referred to as Pervasive Developmental Disorders. This content looks like it’s closely at and discusses three of them. Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified, also known as PDD-NOS. Autistic Pdd

This is a condition that is a lot more like classic autism than Asperger’s because the patient actually has symptoms in all three areas of the spectrum – behavioral, social, and communicative. However, they the symptoms are not severe enough for a full autism diagnosis. As a result, you know that it is not autism, but you don’t know what else it is. This is what accounts for the NOS (Not Otherwise Specified) suffix of the name of the disorder. Autistic Pdd

Rett’s Syndrome is a condition like autism as well, but one that affects only girls. Also, in addition to the classic autism symptoms that the sufferer experiences, there are also characteristic jerky hand movements, loss of motor and language skills, and seizures. Eventually, the patient may die as a result of irregular breathing, which suggests that this condition is a bit more severe than classic autistic disorder. Autistic Pdd

Also, there is the Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, or CDD. When you suffer from classic autism, you likely have it from infancy, but when it is CDD, you may have lived a normal life for two to four years before anyone even has a clue. You should know that the prognosis for CDD is worse than for high functioning autism because it also involves, in addition to the basic symptoms, loss of toilet use, self-care, and language. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autistic Pdd program now!

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