Tag Archives: Gestures

Question?: Autism Symptoms In Infants

George asks…

What are the symptoms of a child with autism?

how do you know your child is autistic?

admin answers:

If your baby otherwise seems to be growing and developing normally, then that is probably not a sign of autism. Among other normal developmental milestones that you would expect at this age include that your baby smiles, is usually comforted or soothed when she is picked up, follows objects past the midline of her face, make ‘ooo’ and ‘aah’ type cooing noises, and maybe has begun laughing. You should definitely discuss it with your Pediatrician if you don’t think your baby’s behavior is normal though.

The symptoms you describe could also be seen in infants with high muscle tone, especially if her muscles usually seem extra stiff. This is something that you should also discuss with your Pediatrician, but it isn’t really related to autism at all.

Among the early signs and symptoms that parents and Pediatricians look for to alert them that a child needs further evaluation for autism include:

* not smiling by six months of age
* not babbling, pointing or using other gestures by 12 months
* not using single words by age 16 months
* not using two word phrases by 24 months
* having a regression in development, with any loss of language or social skills

Infants with autism might also avoid eye contact, and as they get older, act as if they are unaware of when people come and go around them, as you can see in this autism screening quiz.

Keep in mind that autism usually isn’t diagnosed until about age 3, although some experts believe that some children begin to show subtle signs as early as six months of age.

There is also an autism study that showed that some children with autism had abnormal brain growth. Specifically, they had a smaller than average head size at birth (at the 25th percentile), but then had a period of rapid head growth during which their head size moved up to the 84th percentile by age 6-14 months. But rapid head growth is not a sign in all kids with autism.

In general, if you are concerned about your child’s development, especially if you think that they might have autism, you should talk to your Pediatrician and consider a more formal developmental evaluation.

And keep in mind that when a child arches her back a lot, it can be a sign of gastroesophageal reflux (Sandifer Syndrome), although you would usually expect other symptoms, like spitting up and being fussy.
Getting An Evaluation
One of the frustrating things that occurs when parents think something is wrong with their child’s development is that they may be told ‘not to worry’ or that they ‘should just wait.’ Experts think that it is better for parents to trust their instincts and get their child evaluated if they think that they aren’t developing normally. This guide from First Signs is a good resource for parents trying to share their concerns with their Pediatrician.

Your local early childhood development program may also be able to do an evaluation if you are concerned about your child’s development.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms 18 Months

Chris asks…

Can my son develop autism after 2 years of age?

My nephew was misdiagnosed for many years. Finally, at age 10 they figured out he had high level autism. They thought he had speech issues and sent him to classes for years. My son, now 18 months old, doesn’t have any of the symptoms that I’ve been reading online. My question is, could he develop autism say after 2 years of age. So far, all I’ve read for signs and symptoms go up to age 2.

-No big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions by six months or thereafter

-No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, or other facial expressions by nine months or thereafter

-No babbling by 12 months

-No back-and-forth gestures, such as pointing, showing, reaching, or waving by 12 months

-No words by 16 months

-No two-word meaningful phrases (without imitating or repeating) by 24 months

-Any loss of speech or babbling or social skills at any age

So far, he can do all these. Should I not worry?

admin answers:

There are various classifications and degrees of autism. Some are unable to talk conversationally, while others have virtually no ability to speak.

Autism varies widely in its severity and symptoms and may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affected children.

Many people with Autim also have unusual ways of learning, paying attention, or reacting to different sensations. The thinking and learning abilities of people with Autim can vary – from gifted to severely challenged.

Autism begins before the age of 3 and lasts throughout a person’s life. It occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups and is four times more likely to occur in boys than girls.

Scientists aren’t certain what causes autism, but it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role.

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome In Adults

Maria asks…

Do people with certain developmental conditions get worst as they age?

My son was diagnosed with learning disability when he was on his teens? He showed weird behaviors, did repetitive gestures, and is fixated on some things in his 20s. He is now suspected to have Aspergers Syndrome. He is now 26 yrs old and has shown new weird behaviors he did not manifest before. I’m worried he might get worst as he grows older. Pls help.

admin answers:

Asperges should not get worse. But treatment may not be as effective now that your son is an adult as it would have been if he were diagnosed earlier. You should seek further treatment nonetheless.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In 3 Year Old

Betty asks…

How do i know if my 2 year old has autism?

I am curious because since he turned 2 his speech development has slowed down tremendously, he pretty much knows mommy, dada, ball, and bye, and will continually repeat them. I have been doing some of my own research but it is hard for me to really know because of the fact that i am his mother. He has a younger brother who turned 1 in August and at first his doctor said that it was because of his brother that he wasnt talking, but the 1 year old says more than my 2 year old, i just dont understand. If anybody can help me it would be greatly appreciated!

admin answers:

School districts do not assess children under the age of 3 years old so that is not an option yet. I also would not rely to heavily on a peditrician as very few are aware of the early signs and symptoms of autism and will say things like it will come with time or he is just a boy so he is a late talker etc. Besides language what are your other concerns. Does he use the limited language he has functionally? When he syas ball is it becaue he sees a ball or wants a ball? A child can have a simple language delay that is easy to fix and is usually totally fixable. Signs of autism include not playing with toys appropriately, not using gestures, facial expressions to communicate, not showing shared enjoyement or joint attention. When your child is playing with his favorite toy does he look at you to see if you are watching? If something funny, silly or scary happens does he look at your face to see your reaction? IF you play peek a boo or some similar game does he try to get you to do it again or do more of something fun. Also you can look for stereotypic behavior, hand flapping rocking, spinning objects over and over again, watching just the wheels on the car or truck instead of the whole toy?
These kind of social pragmatic indicators are more important for discerning autism compared to perhaps a simple speech delay. IT is not too early to investigate speech services. A speech person who specializes in working with young children does speech all with toys on the floor and play based so the kids don’t know they are in therapy and they give you wonderful ideas about how to bring out language in your child in daily activities and routines in order to further develop speech. Seek out other professionals. A developmental pediatrician or psychologist might be able to do a formal assessment. NOw adays many area have autism clinics at the children’s hospital or through MR/DD service providers taht serve children with disabilties birth through death. Where I live it is called the regional center but there are similar providers with different names depending where you live. Good luck.

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Pictures

Paul asks…

Why is my 2 yr old not talking or paying attention?

I have a 2 yr old, she is very active, interacts with others, looks at me when she needs something. As far a physical abilities shes great and slowly shes starting learn new things, but she is still not talking she will bable in her own language but never try to focus on what we are saying. She is in speech therapy as well as developmental therapy and no there is not sign of autism nor hearing problems. I am concerned what else it could be. Also, she does understand the meaning of no and let’s go. Most of the time when I call her she will not look at me and if she does she will turn back around to continue what she is doing. She does follow signs and gestures but when I point to something she will look at me and my finger but not the direction my finger is going in. If I tell her come here she will only do it at times and other times she will just ignore. Any idea what this could be? I talked to the pediatrician and she could not figure it out as well. Any other tests that could be done or is just a delay? I also tried showing her family pictures and I know she will not be able to name the people but she does not show any interest or show that she even knows them she will quickly turn the page. im assuming most kids would at least have a smile on their face or point or something if they saw a familiar face or even stare for a little bit. Help!
Ashley- I already spoke to her doctor

admin answers:

Since you’ve spoke to her doctor can you take the next step, ask to see a developmental ped?

Take the opportunity to rule out conditions such as Angelman, Fragile X or Rett Syndrome (these conditions are genetic, ruling them in or out is important it may alter your therapy plan, syndromes might also have medical conditions you should be aware of and with research treatment, related to the core deficiencies of these syndromes is rapidly evolving).

Sources provided below on the conditions listed above. Good luck, I hope you find your answers.

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Question?: Autistic Definition

Steven asks…

Why is it hard for someone with Aspergers to understand idioms and other phrases?

I want to know in detail why they have trouble with idoms. Basically from what I heard, when you talk to someone with Aspergers, you have to “Say what you mean and mean what you say”.

If you just memorize the idioms, won’t know it’s an idiom and know it’s definition?

btw, do people with Aspergers also have trouble with names like “Burger King”? Do they really think it’s “a place for the king of burgers” in their mind, or what?

admin answers:

Aspergers is a form of autism. 1 of the main characteristics of autism is language and communication .A high functioning person with autism
( aspergers) will have similar language skills as ‘Raymond (rainman) Babbit and “Forrest Gump” DId you see those movies? Dustin Hoffman had more autistic triats because of his headbanging, daily routines, and stimming but his monotone voice and taking everything said literally is classic aspergers. Forrest was also monotone, seldom laughed, awkward socially and couldnt understand anything in abstract. Your burger king comment is cute and its possible some people with aspergers think that or had to learn that its just a name. IT depends on their level. Its not just idioms that they cannot grasp, slang words, facial expressions, gestures etc, are difficult also. For ex; ‘ The flick was bad, bro” He may not know ‘flick’, bad is bad and you must be speaking to your brother. Or an angry face or worried face will not be known, and that nod we do to mean ” Lets go” ….. He’ll stay!

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Question?: Autism Signs And Symptoms

Ken asks…

Can someone explain what autism is to me?

What exactly is autism? What are the different types? What are the characteristics of people who do have autism?

Thanks.

admin answers:

Hi there,

Thank you for your query. A picture is worth a thousand words.

Do visit:- http://www.displaysforschools.com/autism.gif

In short, Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-biological condition, the cause of which is not yet fully known. It is generally assumed that autism has complex genetic links combined with environmental triggers. It is a spectrum and people with autism may be mildly or severely affected depending on where in the continuum there conditions lie. Autism has been on epidemic rise, currently affecting 1 in every 166 children. It is generally diagnosed at the age of three.

As for the symptoms, I’ll quote from a contributor named Smart Kat.

“The top three signs of autism are;
1. Social Impairment such as;
a. No eye contact, pointing, or gestures to communicate.
B. Doesn’t show off items. “Look at what I have!” type behaviour, or otherwise share interest or enjoyment with others.

2. Impairments in Communication such as;
a. Delay in, or total lack of speech
b. Or with Asperger’s, marked impairment in the
ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others.

3. Repetitive movements, patterns of behavior & interests such as;
a. Hand-flapping, rocking, etc.
B. Obsessions with objects or parts of objects.
C. Prefers to organize or line up items rather than actually “play” with them.
D. Inflexible adherence to routines & rituals. (My niece will throw a fit if the bus driver doesn’t stop at every normal stop even if the child at that particular stop didn’t come to school that day, therefore doesn’t need to be dropped off.

There is not blood test, brain scan, or genetic testing that can determine if a child is autistic. Observation is necessary.”

There already exist at Y!A a number of posts that contain the exactly the same contents of your own query, however. You may like to check the best responses posted there, too.

Best wishes,
Mother of a child with autism.

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Question?: Autism Signs In Toddler Girls

Mary asks…

does autism in the family?

I am adopting a child who’s mother is mentally retarded, she also has another kid who has autism. What are the chances of this baby having autism or anything else. What are signs of it?

admin answers:

Yes, autism does run in families. The current thinking is that a sibling has a greater chance of developing autism with a close relative with the disorder, but there may be contributing environmental factors. Some of these factors might be exposure to high levels of mercury, digestive problems such as enzyme deficiencies, perhaps a virus, etc. There are some things you can do to lessen the odds of your baby developing full-blown autism, and I’d be happy to list a few.

1. Consider a delayed schedule for routine immunizations. There is some evidence that children at risk for autism may not be able to process the mercury present in vaccinations very well, which may affect the brain development.

2. Try a gfcf diet for a few weeks if you have a toddler, and see if his general behavior becomes more social and healthy. This is especially important if the child has frequent diarrhea. This is a sign that he is not digesting his food properly, which can seriously impact his development and behavior! There is a lot of info on the gfcf diet online for you. For an infant, consider soy formula, which is slightly less allergenic to these kids than dairy.

3. Stay away from large amounts of artificial and dyed foods. Autistic kids tend to be very sensitive to red dyes in particular.

4. Be aware of early signs of autism at around 12-15 months, such as the child not communicating through grunts or gestures, not pointing at things he wants you to see, and having a lot of trouble winding down at night or when stressed out. Feel free to email me if you need more help at that point, or have any questions.

5. Autism is four times more common in boys than girls. There is no real probability out there for siblings, but I’ve heard 1/32, 1/20, etc. I’d say that many siblings would be “sensitive” to developing autism, but for some reason, not all of them do.

I am the wife of a man with Asperger’s syndrome, (a form of high functioning autism) and the mother of three kids, one of whom has moderate-severe autism. We caught it early and he is making huge amounts of progress with proper treatment, so early intervention is key. Explore the use of digestive enzymes, which are a food product and are very safe, and don’t be afraid to ask other moms with autistic children for advice. Oftentimes, they know a little bit more than the doctors do when it comes to play therapy of nutritional supplements that can be helpful. Try the autism research institute and Dr. Bernard Rimland for a balanced perspective on the disorder.

Feel free to email me for more info.

Sunriseblessings@yahoo.com

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Question?: Autism Signs And Symptoms

Robert asks…

What is Autism and what are the signs/symptoms?

I’m trying to understand Autism a little more. I don’t know anyone personally with it, just wondering if someone could describe it in simple terms. I’ve had people tell me they “know what it is” but cant really describe it.

admin answers:

Autism affects each person on an individual basis, so the symptoms are unique to each individual, they can be in any combination and range anywhere from mild to severe. There are also different forms of autism each ranging from mild to severe. There are other conditions that can co-exist with the autism, other conditions that have similiar symptoms, and some condtions that share some symptoms of autism. The link below has information about each form of autism including characteristics, diagnosing, etc and has information about other conditions that can co-exist with the autism, other conditions that have similiar symptoms, and some condtions that share some symptoms of autism.

You’re basic symptoms are: http://www.autism-society.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_whatis_char

Insistence on sameness; resistance to change

Difficulty in expressing needs, using gestures or pointing instead of words

Repeating words or phrases in place of normal, responsive language (echolalia)

Laughing (and/or crying) for no apparent reason showing distress for reasons not apparent to others

Preference to being alone; aloof manner

Tantrums

Difficulty in mixing with others

Not wanting to cuddle or be cuddled

Little or no eye contact

Unresponsive to normal teaching methods

Sustained odd play

Spinning objects

Obsessive attachment to objects

Apparent over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain which ties into Sensory Integration- any of their senses can be over or under sensitive

No real fears of danger

Noticeable physical over-activity or extreme under-activity

Uneven gross/fine motor skills

Non responsive to verbal cues; acts as if deaf, although hearing tests in normal range

Aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior

================

It really depends on the individual because autism affects each person differently regardless of what form they have.
Here’s some basic/general things that may help you have a better understanding of autism and how it affects an individual, but again it depends on the individual as how they are affected.

Many have receptive and expressive language disorder so it is best to speak directly to them in plain words and it’s good to speak to them at eye level for example if it is a child.

They interpret language very literally, e.g. If you said ‘that’ll be a piece of cake’ in meaning it will be easy, they would look for the actual piece of cake. Idioms, puns, nuances, double entendres, inference, metaphors, allusions and sarcasm can and will confuse them.

Many have limited vocabulary, sometimes they don’t know what words to use to let someone know they need something or the words in order to describe something which can lead to body language, withdrawal, agitation or other signs that something is wrong.

Many have echolalia, which is saying words or phrases that come from books, people, tv, etc. Over and over again..they may say it but they don’t necessarily understand what they are saying.

Many are very visually oriented, sometimes it is best to show them as well as telling them, and to show them several times, they learn best by consistant repetition. Like for a child a visual schedule helps them through the transistions of their day.

They have trouble with social interactions, most don’t know how to “read” facial expressions, body language or the emotions of others. For a child, structured play activities that have a clear beginning and end are best. Sometimes they don’t know how to start a conversation or enter a play situation.

Many have sensory issues, everyday lights, sounds, odors, tastes, and textures can be very uncomfortable to them and give them a sensory overload; e.g. Certain lights can hurt their eyes, noises can hurt their ears, sweet odors to us can smell awful to them, sweet tasting stuff to us can taste awful to them, something soft to touch can be painful to them to touch. They can also have under sensivity, for example, some have self-injurious behavior, they don’t realize what they are doing should hurt because they can’t feel the pain like we do, or they may be able to tolerate much higher pitched noises than we can because they don’t hear they full volume of the noise as we do.

Meltdowns, blow-ups, tantrums: All their behavior usually a form of communication that they simply don;t know how to communicate as we do. They can occur because one or more of their senses has gone into overload; they are frustrated; etc.. Many things can play into their behavior.

Some must be comfortable around you before they will socialize with you or have contact with you, e.g. When my son began behavioral therapy he didn’t want anything to do with the therapist, didn’t want to be near her or touched by her, after seeing her for a about a month (he seen her 1x a week for a hour) he would socialize with her and would sit on her lap, give her hugs, etc. In a sense, it’s like they have to learn to trust you first.

They usually are very honest and to the point; don’t care about the superficial crap in life and so on.

I also suggest reading a couple of excerpts from books by Ellen Notbohm, one is titled Ten Things Every Child With Autism Wishes You Knew http://graphicpieces.com/autism10thingschild.html , & Ten Things Your Student With Autism Wishes You Knew http://graphicpieces.com/autism10thingsstudent.html , they will give you some basic insight about autism and how it can affect someone and give you a better understanding of autism from their perspective.

I want to state one thing that I don’t feel is totally true, someone stated that people with autism tend to focus on one area, or say excel in one area and yes that is very true in many cases with autism but not with all, some do excel in more areas than one and I say this because my son is one of those who do excel in more than one area.. And some don’t excel in any particular area at all and I feel that is one of the many misunderstandings of autism.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In Infants

David asks…

Why is my 7 month old baby so emotionless and mean?

She is 7 months old. She doens’t like to be with me. She won’t hug me or give kisses. She get frustrated VERY easily and hits her toys. She won’t let me hug her. It’s as if she were indifferent around me, or anyone else for that matter. Is this normal behavior for an infant?

admin answers:

Baby is not suppose to be emotionless babies for a very strong bond with the person who takes care of them most, an emotionless baby is def. A sign of autism

Among the early signs and symptoms that parents and Pediatricians look for to alert them that a child needs further evaluation for autism include:

•not smiling by six months of age
•not babbling, pointing or using other gestures by 12 months
•not using single words by age 16 months
•not using two word phrases by 24 months
•having a regression in development, with any loss of language or social skills
Infants with autism might also avoid eye contact, and as they get older, act as if they are unaware of when people come and go around them

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