Tag Archives: Flexibility

Question?: Rett Syndrome In Boys

Sharon asks…

A question about genetics. I have a child with ?

PDD-NOS, which is an autism spectrum disorder. I’ve read that normally people have a 1 in 150 chance of having a child with autism, but it jumps up to 1 in 20 for people who already have an autistic child.

My question is, does anyone know what my chances would be of having a child with classic autism or Rett‘s syndrome? I’m not worried about having a child with PDD-NOS or Aspergers, but I do have concerns about having a child with classic autism.
Hi Sally! Last July my son had been checked for Fragile X since he not only has PDD, but also scored low on a few I.Q. tests and has hyper-flexibility in his joints. However, he was not found to have this condition. I thank God, because I was terrified.

He’s seeing the genetics counselor again next Monday (for what, I do not know) but when I had asked the doctor the question, I didn’t receive much more than an answer that I have around a 1 in 20 chance of having another child with an ASD, but wasn’t informed on the risk for having one with classic autism. I was just hoping that possibly someone here knew the risk.

admin answers:

Hi …I am not sure but i was told i ‘might’ have another child with autism if i were to have another baby, i know a lady who has three children two girls and a boy the two older girls both have autism one more severe than the other the boy doesn’t have problems, so i would say yes there is always a chance

Powered by Yahoo! Answers

Researchers Identify Protein Necessary For Behavioral Flexibility

Main Category: Schizophrenia
Also Included In: Autism;  Psychology / Psychiatry
Article Date: 28 May 2012 – 0:00 PDT Current ratings for:
‘Researchers Identify Protein Necessary For Behavioral Flexibility’
3 stars3 and a half stars
Researchers have identified a protein necessary to maintain behavioral flexibility, which allows us to modify our behaviors to adjust to circumstances that are similar, but not identical, to previous experiences. Their findings, which appear in the journal Cell Reports, may offer new insights into addressing autism and schizophrenia – afflictions marked by impaired behavioral flexibility.

Our stored memories from previous experiences allow us to repeat certain tasks. For instance, after driving to a particular location, we recall the route the next time we make that trip. However, sometimes circumstances change – one road on the route is temporarily closed – and we need to make adjustments to reach our destination. Our behavioral flexibility allows us to make such changes and, then, successfully complete our task. It is driven, in part, by protein synthesis, which produces experience-dependent changes in neural function and behavior.

However, this process is impaired for many, preventing an adjustment in behavior when faced with different circumstances. In the Cell Reports study, the researchers sought to understand how protein synthesis is regulated during behavioral flexibility.

To do so, they focused on the kinase PERK, an enzyme that regulates protein synthesis. PERK is known to modify eIF2alpha, a factor that is required for proper protein synthesis. Their experiments involved comparing normal lab mice, which possessed the enzyme, with those that lacked it.

In their study, the mice were asked to navigate a water maze, which included elevating themselves onto a platform to get out of the water. Normal mice and those lacking PERK learned to complete this task.

However, in a second step, the researchers tested the mice’s behavioral flexibility by moving the maze’s platform to another location, thereby requiring them to respond to a change in the terrain. Here, the normal mice located the platform, but those lacking PERK were unable to do so or took significantly more time to complete the task.

A second experiment offered a different test of the role of PERK in aiding behavioral flexibility. In this measure, both normal and mutant mice heard an audible tone that was followed by a mild foot shock. At this stage, all of the mice developed a normal fear response – freezing at the tone in anticipation of the foot shock. However, the researchers subsequently removed the foot shock from the procedure and the mice heard only the tone. Eventually, the normal mice adjusted their responses so they did not freeze after hearing the tone. However, the mutant mice continued to respond as if they expected a foot shock to follow.

The researchers sought additional support for their conclusion that the absence of PERK may contribute to impaired behavioral flexibility in human neurological disorders. To do so, they conducted postmortem analyses of human frontal cortex samples from patients afflicted with schizophrenia, who often exhibit behavioral inflexibility, and unaffected individuals. The samples from the control group showed normal levels of PERK while those from the schizophrenic patients had significantly reduced levels of the protein.

“A rapidly expanding list of neurological disorders and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Fragile X syndrome, have already been linked to aberrant protein synthesis,” explained Eric Klann, a professor in NYU’s Center for Neural Science and one of the study’s co-authors. “Our results show the significance of PERK in maintaining behavioral flexibility and how its absence might be associated with schizophrenia. Further studies clarifying the specific role of PERK-regulated protein synthesis in the brain may provide new avenues to tackle such widespread and often debilitating neurological disorders.”

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our schizophrenia section for the latest news on this subject. The study’s other co-authors were: Mimi Trinh, who recently completed her Ph.D. in NYU’s Center for Neural Science; Hanoch Kaphzan, a former post-doctoral fellow in NYU’s Center for Neural Science and now at the University of Haifa in Israel; Ronald Wek, a professor at Indiana University School of Medicine; Philippe Pierre, a group leader at France’s Université de la Méditerranée; and Douglas Cavener, a professor at Penn State’s Department of Biology.

New York University

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:


New York University. “Researchers Identify Protein Necessary For Behavioral Flexibility.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 28 May. 2012. Web.
1 Jun. 2012. APA

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.

‘Researchers Identify Protein Necessary For Behavioral Flexibility’

Please note that we publish your name, but we do not publish your email address. It is only used to let you know when your message is published. We do not use it for any other purpose. Please see our privacy policy for more information.

If you write about specific medications or operations, please do not name health care professionals by name.

All opinions are moderated before being included (to stop spam)

Contact Our News Editors

For any corrections of factual information, or to contact the editors please use our feedback form.

Please send any medical news or health news press releases to:

Note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. For more information, please read our terms and conditions.

View the original article here

Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies – Home Schooling And Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies

Making the decision to home school any child is difficult – if not daunting – for any parent, and truly those that have children provided special needs, these kinds of as Down syndrome. Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies

Do the benefits of educating a child at home outweigh those of an education within the public sector? How can one be sure that homeschooling is appropriate for their child? These questions can only be answered by each individual considering the option. However, once the decision for home schooling has been made, there are several things that should be done that will help your child reach their maximum potential in this educational arena.

First and foremost are the child’s individual needs and their learning process. What spectrum, or how severe, is their learning disability? How are their interaction skills with others? What goals are sought and how do you get there? Because each child is different, an individualized plan is critical.

The Individualized Education Program, also known as the IEP, is required for all children that attend a public school. This assessment is also essential for children being home schooled. The IEP analyzes the child’s specific needs and helps to identify a specific program with goals and effective strategies for learning as well as teaching. The plan allows for flexibility so that the child can learn at their own pace and their success can be measured more effectively. Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies

There are several steps involved for the IEP, as well as measurement and re-evaluations, but this highly effective tool is beneficial for students, parents and caregivers alike. Information on the IEP, the steps involved and what can be expected can be found at the below website (1) Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies

The second strategy for creating a successful and positive home schooling education is the environment in which the child will be learning. Having a separate area in the home is essential to the homeschooled student. This area should be used only during the educational process, and at no other time. This area helps to establish the mindset of learning time, just as being at a school or in the library, helps a child to make the correlation between quiet and reading time versus the cafeteria at lunch. The room should be filled with the required learning tools and materials. Some parents also include items that can be used as rewards once a child has successfully completed a given task, or the learning session. The National Home Education Network (NHEN) has excellent resources, links and information for home schooling along with forums, support and help for those just beginning the process or those that have been homeschooling for years. (2) Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies program now!

Feeling lost without solutions? Down Syndrome Teaching Strategies is a proven Autism Solution for your Child. Try The Program and change child’s life forever!
Article Source

Autistic Programs – A Wide Range Of Therapy Programs

Autistic Programs

Sadly, a definitive cure for autism, a disabling neurological disorder, has yet to be found. Affected children can grow up undergoing from speech impairment, difficulties in social interaction, abnormal learning and an inability to enjoy several of life’s experiences that we all take for granted. It has continued demonstrated who early diagnosis and intervention can aide to minimize the situation and therapies can submit the unfortunate patient a assured measure of independence and verify him or her how to cope. Autistic Programs

Numerous options are available within a wide variety of therapy programs. Treatment is very much dependent on an individual’s needs and most professionals agree that it is best started no later than the age of two. Sometimes a combination of treatments and programs will yield the best results, but it should be known that the condition generally requires treatment for the life of the patient and the caregiver should maintain flexibility of approach. Autistic Programs

Generally speaking, treatments and therapy programs can be broken down into four distinct areas – behavioral, supplemental, dietary and medical. Some of these represent established programs, whilst others are experimental and it is important to remember that there are a lot of avenues to explore as the chase for the definitive cure goes on. Behavioral therapies deal with modification techniques, to assist the patient to gain job skills and to enable them to function in their environment. Autistic Programs

For example, Applied Behavior Analysis, or ABA, entails the teaching of skill oriented activities. Patients are rewarded as they learn fun skills and their behavior skills develop. This is a highly structured program, with intensive one-on-one interaction between a child and a therapist. This form of treatment is generally suggested to be the most effective, but many critics think that the approach is somewhat “robotic” and does not encourage the child to be spontaneous in adapting to the real world. Autistic Programs

As opposed to applied behavior analysis, pivotal response therapy is considered to be more natural, taking place in a more relaxed environment, and supporters of this method believe that this approach can trigger a ripple effect to other behaviors, achieving a better all round result. When it comes to supplemental therapies, many people with autism respond favorably to sensory stimulation. Autistic Programs

Patients are encouraged to hold objects with various textures or listen to music, for example. The Tomatis method entails the playing of a loop of music to a child for several hours a day with the goal of improving attention and concentration. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autistic Programs program now!

Feeling lost without solutions? Autistic Programs is a proven Autism Solution for your Child. Try The Program and change child’s life forever!
Article Source

Stability and Routines for Children With Aspergers Syndrome

Parents of children with Aspergers want to find the best treatment options for this condition. Aspergers cannot be cured however, because it is not a disease. When doctors treat Aspergers, they are actually helping the child to function better in areas where they are experiencing problems. The following are some Aspergers treatments that can be helpful in many cases.

Children with Aspergers are affected greatly by any change in their routine, therefore it is key to keep as much stability in their life as possible. Assigning times for even simple tasks like free time, homework and meal time, will help give them structure in their routine. Raising children can be done either this way or with a more freer style. Regardless your preference, too much flexibility for a child with Asbergers will just confuse them. Life will be less stressful for them with a constant routine.

Be sure to discuss your child’s Aspergers syndrome with their school psychologist. Children with Aspergers can function at high levels in school, as long as you work with the school and determine what services they have available. If your child has any areas of difficulty, either with certain academic subjects, or fitting in socially, the school authorities can sometimes help. From the principals to the teachers, take the time to get to know each as much as possible. For parents of children with Aspergers this is more important than the average parent.

This way the school is more likely to keep you informed regarding the progress your child is making, and you can tell them about any areas of concern.

The adjusting period can be difficult for children with Aspergers, but once past this hurdle many do fine in the average classroom. There are a few that can never get past the adjustment phase though. Adjusting may be difficult due to your child’s particular symptoms or even the school in your are. Some kids will bully children with Aspergers making it hard for them to fit in and adjust to their surroundings. Home schooling can be an option if this is the case, or perhaps a program to teach you and your child special skills, or even a special school. The point is, if the school your child is going to isn’t helping him or her to adjust well to life, you should seek an alternative or at least additional help.

There are many ways to help children with Aspergers learn the necessary skills to function in society. Today you can find lots of options in the form of programs, treatments, organizations, both in your area and online. You and your child can find the right plan with just a little research. We’ve only had room to look at a few of the treatments for Aspergers that are available, but these can be a good starting point. Find the best deviled egg carrier and Deviled Egg Recipes.
Article Source

Routines are Vital For Children With Aspergers Syndrome

Each child with Aspergers syndrome needs a little different treatment because it presents itself in many different ways. There is no one right treatment because one child may need help with their social skills, while the next needs help with their motor skills. Some Aspergers treatments, however, have proven to be effective for many children with this condition, and we’ll be looking at a few of these here.

Routine is vital for kids with Aspergers, since they have difficulty adjusting to changes in their routine. Specific times for homework, meals, bed time and free time will give them structure and help them function better. Parents can choose to either parent this way or allow their children more freedom. Too much flexibility however, for a child with Asbergers can be harmful for them and stress them out. A constant routine is key to lessen their stress level.

Be sure to discuss your child’s Aspergers syndrome with their school psychologist. Children with Aspergers can function at high levels in school, as long as you work with the school and determine what services they have available. The school authorities can help with academic as will as helping your child to fit in socially. All the staff at the school will be able to help your child succeed from the principal to the teachers. This is a good policy for all parents, but especially those of kids with Aspergers.

Not only will you feel more comfortable sharing your concerns, but the school is more likely to keep you informed of your child’s progress.

In some cases, a child with Aspergers may have issues with their balance, coordination, and motor skills. This can make many everyday kids’ activities, such as throwing a ball or, in some cases, even writing with a pen difficult. Such symptoms can also make it harder for these kids to fit in socially. One type of Aspergers treatment, then, is to focus specifically on any physical and motor difficulties the children may have. Physical therapy can be helpful in these cases, by helping the child become more coordinated and confident in their bodies. Not only can this treatment help them enjoy more activities but it can help them appear less awkward to their peers. Children with Aspergers tend to need help in several areas so physical therapy is usually combined with other forms of treatment. There are many Aspergers treatments, although there is no one single cure. The treatments that are used will vary based on the symptoms the child exhibits. The difficulties associated with Aspergers can be helped with the above suggestions. Find information on the finding the best Saddle Blanket for your horse. Stylish Western Saddle Blankets.
Article Source