Tag Archives: Facial Expressions

Question?: Asperger Syndrome

Laura asks…

Can someone please explain to me what Asperger syndrome is?

I made a new friend and she told me that she had Asperger syndrome I read a little about it online but I still don’t fully understand it 🙁 can someone help me? Please no rude answers!

admin answers:

I have Asperger’s basically I find it hard to make friends (socialize) , I stick to a very fixed routine which I cannot break. People with Asperger’s often have 1 to 3 obsessions (like Astrology, Trains etc) with me it is the Weather & Animals. Not everyone with Asperger’s is the same. They are tend to clumsy and find it very hard/impossible to make eye-contact with someone. I am of average-intelligence like most Asperger’s suffers. They can be ultra-sensitive to sounds, smell or light. They often take things rather literally like “I feel like killing you” the person with Asperger’s may take this literally and get frightened, although I have learnt that is is just a figure of speech. We find is difficult to read other people’s facial expressions and body language. I could name more traits but I’m too tired. One more thing they often have excellent memories especially with date of births, childhood memories etc. I hope you and your friend have an excellent time together forever.
Take care. Good-bye.

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Question?: Pdd Autism

James asks…

We have a 12 yr old with PDD/autism and we need suggestions on getting him to mind and stop lying.?

He was diagnosed with PDD last year finally and that answered some questions we had. He constantly does things that he knows is wrong and he constantly lies. It is so frustrating for us we just don’t know how to handle this, all the ways we have tried is not working. He is 12 yrs old but his phys. eval. put him mentally at 6 to 7 yrs old. He has ADHD, Anxiety disorder, Dyslexia, Numerical Dyslexia, Definent Disorder, which really makes it bad. If you have any suggestions please let me know.

admin answers:

There are several things to consider.
1. Is he lying to get your attention or to get out of potential trouble?
2. How are you responding to the lying and misbehavior? If you are getting very angry and giving him lots of attention for the behavior, that alone could be reinforcing it.
Things you might do:
1. Give him a TON of attention when he is doing the right thing.
2. When he is caught in a lie, be calm and firm. Do not show angry facial expressions. Impose whatever consequences you have decided to use. Do this every time.
3. These children are highly visual, so take some pictures of him doing the right thing and make a chart. At the beginning of each day, go through the things that are right. Tell him he will get a star every time he chooses to do the right thing. Set a goal for how many stars he needs to get to receive the reinforcer. Show him a picture of the reinforce. Set the goals low at first so he is able to get the reinforcer. Then fade it by requiring more stars. Do this SLOWLY!
4. When he makes the wrong choice, take him to the chart and show him what the right choice would be. Tell him kindly that you regret that he made the wrong choice and that you can’t give him a star. If it is possible, let him try again to make the right choice and then give him a star.
5. Use a highly valued reinforce and make sure you set his goal low enough at first so that he gets the reinforcer. Be sure when giving a star or reinforcer, to praise him lavishly. This will help him pair a tangible with an intangible and eventually, you may be able to fade out the tangible.

I hope something like this works for you.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms 18 Months

Chris asks…

Can my son develop autism after 2 years of age?

My nephew was misdiagnosed for many years. Finally, at age 10 they figured out he had high level autism. They thought he had speech issues and sent him to classes for years. My son, now 18 months old, doesn’t have any of the symptoms that I’ve been reading online. My question is, could he develop autism say after 2 years of age. So far, all I’ve read for signs and symptoms go up to age 2.

-No big smiles or other warm, joyful expressions by six months or thereafter

-No back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles, or other facial expressions by nine months or thereafter

-No babbling by 12 months

-No back-and-forth gestures, such as pointing, showing, reaching, or waving by 12 months

-No words by 16 months

-No two-word meaningful phrases (without imitating or repeating) by 24 months

-Any loss of speech or babbling or social skills at any age

So far, he can do all these. Should I not worry?

admin answers:

There are various classifications and degrees of autism. Some are unable to talk conversationally, while others have virtually no ability to speak.

Autism varies widely in its severity and symptoms and may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affected children.

Many people with Autim also have unusual ways of learning, paying attention, or reacting to different sensations. The thinking and learning abilities of people with Autim can vary – from gifted to severely challenged.

Autism begins before the age of 3 and lasts throughout a person’s life. It occurs in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups and is four times more likely to occur in boys than girls.

Scientists aren’t certain what causes autism, but it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In Adults

Donald asks…

How can you tell if some one has autism?

What are the symptoms?

admin answers:

Autism – Symptoms
Core symptoms
The severity of symptoms varies greatly between individuals, but all people with autism have some core symptoms in the areas of:

Social interactions and relationships. Symptoms may include:
Significant problems developing nonverbal communication skills, such as eye-to-eye gazing, facial expressions, and body posture.
Failure to establish friendships with children the same age.
Lack of interest in sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people.
Lack of empathy. People with autism may have difficulty understanding another person’s feelings, such as pain or sorrow.
Verbal and nonverbal communication. Symptoms may include:
Delay in, or lack of, learning to talk. As many as 40% of people with autism never speak.1
Problems taking steps to start a conversation. Also, people with autism have difficulties continuing a conversation after it has begun.
Stereotyped and repetitive use of language. People with autism often repeat over and over a phrase they have heard previously (echolalia).
Difficulty understanding their listener’s perspective. For example, a person with autism may not understand that someone is using humor. They may interpret the communication word for word and fail to catch the implied meaning.
Limited interests in activities or play. Symptoms may include:
An unusual focus on pieces. Younger children with autism often focus on parts of toys, such as the wheels on a car, rather than playing with the entire toy.
Preoccupation with certain topics. For example, older children and adults may be fascinated by video games, trading cards, or license plates.
A need for sameness and routines. For example, a child with autism may always need to eat bread before salad and insist on driving the same route every day to school.
Stereotyped behaviors. These may include body rocking and hand flapping.

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Symptoms

Donna asks…

What is the difference between being awkward or having Asperger’s?

According to the Internet, people with Asperger syndrome are very awkward in social situations and have a hard time understanding body language. What would be the difference between just being an awkward person, or having Asperger‘s? (As in mannerisms, behaviour, etc.)

admin answers:

Asperger‘s syndrome is quite complex and affects people in many ways. There are countless symptoms that may be in place, but the thing is that the exact combination of symptoms varies a lot between individuals and nobody has all of the known symptoms. Awkwardness is just one of the many characteristics that most people with Asperger‘s syndrome have, but that doesn‘t mean that everyone who is awkward has Asperger‘s syndrome.

One of the main symptoms of Asperger‘s syndrome is poor social skills. People with Asperger‘s syndrome have difficulty reading into people and situations. They have difficulty understanding things like body language, facial expressions, tone of voice etc. And may use unusual or little body language themselves. They tend to be unaware of various unwritten social rules and are not good at picking up social cues, subtle hints and such. Therefore they are often awkward in social situations and don‘t know exactly what‘s expected of them or how to fit in.

Among other common symtoms of Asperger‘s syndrome are sensory issues (being hypersensitive or hyposensitive to certain textures, light, sounds, smells, touch, taste etc.), obsessive interests, a strong need for routines or sameness, difficulty dealing with changes, poor motor skills and many more.

So Asperger‘s syndrome is a lot more than plain awkwardness.

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Question?: Autism Symptoms In 3 Year Old

Betty asks…

How do i know if my 2 year old has autism?

I am curious because since he turned 2 his speech development has slowed down tremendously, he pretty much knows mommy, dada, ball, and bye, and will continually repeat them. I have been doing some of my own research but it is hard for me to really know because of the fact that i am his mother. He has a younger brother who turned 1 in August and at first his doctor said that it was because of his brother that he wasnt talking, but the 1 year old says more than my 2 year old, i just dont understand. If anybody can help me it would be greatly appreciated!

admin answers:

School districts do not assess children under the age of 3 years old so that is not an option yet. I also would not rely to heavily on a peditrician as very few are aware of the early signs and symptoms of autism and will say things like it will come with time or he is just a boy so he is a late talker etc. Besides language what are your other concerns. Does he use the limited language he has functionally? When he syas ball is it becaue he sees a ball or wants a ball? A child can have a simple language delay that is easy to fix and is usually totally fixable. Signs of autism include not playing with toys appropriately, not using gestures, facial expressions to communicate, not showing shared enjoyement or joint attention. When your child is playing with his favorite toy does he look at you to see if you are watching? If something funny, silly or scary happens does he look at your face to see your reaction? IF you play peek a boo or some similar game does he try to get you to do it again or do more of something fun. Also you can look for stereotypic behavior, hand flapping rocking, spinning objects over and over again, watching just the wheels on the car or truck instead of the whole toy?
These kind of social pragmatic indicators are more important for discerning autism compared to perhaps a simple speech delay. IT is not too early to investigate speech services. A speech person who specializes in working with young children does speech all with toys on the floor and play based so the kids don’t know they are in therapy and they give you wonderful ideas about how to bring out language in your child in daily activities and routines in order to further develop speech. Seek out other professionals. A developmental pediatrician or psychologist might be able to do a formal assessment. NOw adays many area have autism clinics at the children’s hospital or through MR/DD service providers taht serve children with disabilties birth through death. Where I live it is called the regional center but there are similar providers with different names depending where you live. Good luck.

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome

Steven asks…

what are the symptoms of Asperger syndrome?

i need to know what the symptoms of Asperger Syndrome are. if antone may know please let me know.

admin answers:

If you have Asperger’s Syndrome, you might…

…Not pick up on social cues and may lack inborn social skills, such as being able to read others’ body language, start or maintain a conversation, and take turns talking.

…Dislike any changes in routines.

…Appear to lack empathy.

…Be unable to recognize subtle differences in speech tone, pitch, and accent that alter the meaning of others’ speech. Thus, your child may not understand a joke or may take a sarcastic comment literally. Likewise, his or her speech may be flat and difficult to understand because it lacks tone, pitch, and accent.

…Have a formal style of speaking that is advanced for his or her age. For example, the child may use the word “beckon” instead of “call” or the word “return” instead of “come back.”

…Avoid eye contact or stare at others.

…Have unusual facial expressions or postures.

…Be preoccupied with only one or few interests, which he or she may be very knowledgeable about.

…Be overly interested in parts of a whole or in unusual activities, such as designing houses, drawing highly detailed scenes, or studying astronomy. They may show an unusual interest in certain topics such as snakes, names of stars, or dinosaurs.

…Talk a lot, usually about a favorite subject. One-sided conversations are common. Internal thoughts are often verbalized.

….Have delayed motor development. Your child may be late in learning to use a fork or spoon, ride a bike, or catch a ball. He or she may have an awkward walk. Handwriting is often poor.
Have heightened sensitivity and become overstimulated by loud noises, lights, or strong tastes or textures. For more information about these symptoms, see sensory integration dysfunction.

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Question?: Autistic Definition

Steven asks…

Why is it hard for someone with Aspergers to understand idioms and other phrases?

I want to know in detail why they have trouble with idoms. Basically from what I heard, when you talk to someone with Aspergers, you have to “Say what you mean and mean what you say”.

If you just memorize the idioms, won’t know it’s an idiom and know it’s definition?

btw, do people with Aspergers also have trouble with names like “Burger King”? Do they really think it’s “a place for the king of burgers” in their mind, or what?

admin answers:

Aspergers is a form of autism. 1 of the main characteristics of autism is language and communication .A high functioning person with autism
( aspergers) will have similar language skills as ‘Raymond (rainman) Babbit and “Forrest Gump” DId you see those movies? Dustin Hoffman had more autistic triats because of his headbanging, daily routines, and stimming but his monotone voice and taking everything said literally is classic aspergers. Forrest was also monotone, seldom laughed, awkward socially and couldnt understand anything in abstract. Your burger king comment is cute and its possible some people with aspergers think that or had to learn that its just a name. IT depends on their level. Its not just idioms that they cannot grasp, slang words, facial expressions, gestures etc, are difficult also. For ex; ‘ The flick was bad, bro” He may not know ‘flick’, bad is bad and you must be speaking to your brother. Or an angry face or worried face will not be known, and that nod we do to mean ” Lets go” ….. He’ll stay!

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Symptoms

Mandy asks…

What Are The Symptoms For Aspergers Syndrome?

My mum said she has a friend with Aspergers syndrome and says that i’m very similar to her. Does anyone know the symptoms so I can see if it does sound like me?

admin answers:

Signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms of Asperger’s syndrome include:

Engaging in one-sided, long-winded conversations, without noticing if the listener is listening or trying to change the subject
Displaying unusual nonverbal communication, such as lack of eye contact, few facial expressions, or awkward body postures and gestures
Showing an intense obsession with one or two specific, narrow subjects, such as baseball statistics, train schedules, weather or snakes
Appearing not to understand, empathize with, or be sensitive to others’ feelings
Having a hard time “reading” other people or understanding humor
Speaking in a voice that is monotonous, rigid or unusually fast
Moving clumsily, with poor coordination
Having an odd posture or a rigid gait

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Autism – The Importance of Facial Expressions to an Autistic Child

Part of the problem that Autistic children face in the area of communication is that they are unable to decipher facial expressions in others. A child with Autism will watch you cry, sometimes even wipe your tears off, but for the most part, will have no idea that you are unhappy. A large part of communication for most people is their body language and this includes facial expressions so the fact that the Autistic child can’t understand this increases the difficulty in communication.

There are methods whereby you can actually enable some Autistic children to read facial expressions thereby increasing their own awareness of how people around them are feeling.

Repetition can help the child with Autism learn. By going over the same thing in different settings and at different times you are rooting it in their brain for them to pull out as necessary.

You can make a list of the different frequently used expressions and have it on a small card with the picture beside it for them to refer to in the beginning. The most common being a smile, sad, angry, laughing, scared and thinking face. This helps the child with Autism reference to something.

Another thing that you can do is discuss it with them in language that they can identify with e.g. “When you pat your puppy, you smile right, that means that you are happy.” The child identifies good things like patting the puppy, eating icecream and other things that he/she enjoys as being happy.

Then you can start to reference it to other people so the Autistic child will actually start to look to other people’s faces to see what their expressions are saying e.g. “When you throw food on the floor, does that make your Mom smile?.” When you get a no answer, you could say, “Then your mom is not happy, what does your Mom’s face look like?” And then go on to discuss with the Autistic child the possible meanings of what their mother’s face meant, angry, sad etc.

By doing this, you are reaffirming to the child with Autism that he/she can have more of an idea what a person is feeling by looking at the other person’s face. It actually works two-fold as it also increases eye contact while increasing the Autistic child’s communication skills.

Sometimes the Autistic child will expand on this on their own by asking people if the expression on their face is actually what they are feeling which is great as it shows that they are learning and starting to read expressions for themselves.

Long term, it will lead to the Autistic child being able to understand and communicate more effectively. This will lead to fewer miscommunications and more chances that the child with Autism has to explore not only their own feelings but, to be more sensitive to the feelings of others.

Donna Mason has been a Registered Nurse for the past 16 years. She is the mother of 6 children, 3 of whom have varying degrees of Autism. For more information on Autism signs and symptoms, and to learn more about this mother’s battle in the fight against this misunderstood condition, visit us on the web at: http://www.autisticadventures.blogspot.com

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