Tag Archives: Disruptions

Question?: Schizophrenia Types

Jenny asks…

What distinguishes schizophrenia from other types of mental illness?

admin answers:

Schizophrenia like Bi-Polar or Uni-Polar are diseases just like diabetes or heart disease. They are caused by disruptions of the brain chemicals and the neurotransmitters. Schizophrenia is different because it causes one to have hallucinations, hear voices in their heads and sometimes paranoia that has to be treated.

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Question?: Asperger Syndrome Quiz

Nancy asks…

What is it like having an autistic / asperger’s syndrome student in your class?

admin answers:

My mother works with autistic kids at an elementary school, and she says the three biggest issues are disruptions, accomodations, and acceptance. An autistic student may inadvertantly do or say things that are socially inappropriate, like taking another person’s toy without asking. The teacher may need to devote more attention to this student, which means less attention to other students. If the student receives accomodations, like having an education assistant in the classroom, this would draw attention to his differences. The other students may be jealous that the autistic student gets extra time on quizzes, or leaves the classroom sometimes to go to his social skills group, or whatever the case may be. And of course, some of the other students will not accept their autistic classmate as part of the class unit. They might exclude, tease, or bully him. Having an autistic kid in the class can be a very good thing, though. It exposes the students to different types of people, and teaches them about diversity, patience, and tolerance.

Each autistic person is different, though. The student’s personality and level of functioning affect what he or she is like in the classroom. I have Asperger’s, and I was always very well-behaved in class and polite to my classmates. My Asperger’s had little to no effect on my classmates; most of them probably never guessed I had a disorder. I’ve had classes with other people on the spectrum, though. Some kept to themselves and rarely said anything, some were disruptive and constantly in trouble, and some seemed a bit odd but mostly got along fine.

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New Genes Contributing To Autism And Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders Uncovered By Researchers Studying Chromosomal Abnormalities

Main Category: Autism
Also Included In: Genetics
Article Date: 24 Apr 2012 – 0:00 PDT

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When chromosomes replicate, sometimes there is an exchange of genetic material within a chromosome or between two or more chromosomes without a significant loss of genetic material. This exchange, known as a balanced chromosomal abnormality (BCA), can cause rearrangements in the genetic code.

Researchers from 15 institutions in three countries including Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and the Broad Institute found that due to these rearrangements, BCAs harbor a reservoir of disruptions in the code that could lead to autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders. The researchers also uncovered 22 new genes that may contribute to or increase the risk of autism or abnormal neurodevelopment.

The study will be published in the print issue of Cell on April 27, 2012.

The researchers used a strategy that involved directly sequencing BCAs to reveal genes at the breakpoints and show that these genes are related to autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.

This study is part of a larger, ongoing collaborative endeavor, the Developmental Genome Anatomy Project (DGAP), to identify genes critical in human development.

The researchers discovered that the genetic code can be disrupted at various distinct sites and still result in autism. The disruptions occur in several different groups of genes, including those already individually suspected to be associated with abnormal neurodevelopment; those which illuminate a single gene as important in large regions previously defined as genomic disorders; as well as those associated with psychiatric disorders that can have much later onset than neurodevelopmental disorders.

“BCAs provide a unique opportunity to pinpoint a gene and validate it in a disorder,” said Cynthia Morton, PhD, BWH director of cytogenetics, and principal investigator of DGAP. “These discoveries can illuminate biological pathways that may be a window to a new therapy. We are all grateful to the individuals and their families who make these fundamental findings possible through their participation as subjects in these studies.”

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our autism section for the latest news on this subject. This research was supported by the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative; Autism Speaks; Massachusetts General Hospital ECOR Fund for Medical Discovery Award; and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Human Services including the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Human Genome Research Institute. NIH and NIMH grants included P01-GM061354, R21-HD065286 and F32-MH087123.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

MLA

Brigham and Women’s Hospital. “New Genes Contributing To Autism And Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders Uncovered By Researchers Studying Chromosomal Abnormalities.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 24 Apr. 2012. Web.
24 Apr. 2012. APA
Brigham and Women’s Hospital. (2012, April 24). “New Genes Contributing To Autism And Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders Uncovered By Researchers Studying Chromosomal Abnormalities.” Medical News Today. Retrieved from
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/244432.php.

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.


‘New Genes Contributing To Autism And Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders Uncovered By Researchers Studying Chromosomal Abnormalities’

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Children With Autism and Structure

Children with autism have many struggles placed before them in life. You as a Parent of a child with autism want nothing but the best for them. One of the best ways you can help your child is to provide them a home environment in which they feel safe and secure. You can do this through structure and consistency. Through all of the chaos that children with autism feel, you can help keep them grounded. Follow a few simple steps and your home life could be very calm and serene. Well at least as serene as it can be with a child of any sort keeping you on your toes.

One of the first things you should do is set up a schedule for your child with an autism spectrum disorder. Make a pictorial schedule and place somewhere the child can see and refer to it often. Stick by the schedule, try to make sure that the days typically remain the same. You will want to use pictures, as a lot of children with autism are visual learners. If an occasion should arise that you need to change the schedule, try preparing the child in advance. Possibly try rehearsing with them the situation that is going to arise that will interrupt the schedule. You will surely want to do some preparing around big events such as holidays and birthdays. These will be huge disruptions in the normalcy of their schedule. The concreteness of the schedule will help your autistic child feel safe.

Speaking of safe, you will want to set up a place set aside specifically for the child. This will be their safety area. This should be a place where they can go to relax free from any stressors. Maybe this is a chair in the den, or someplace quiet. Make sure this spot is theirs, and theirs alone. This maybe where they need to go when they feel overwhelmed. You will want to clearly define this place so your child know where to go.

Being consistent is also a big key. How you interact with children with autism should remain consistent. This will further their sense of safety and comfort. If something is off limits, it should be off limits all the time. Don’t be wishy washy when it comes to your child with autism. This may only confuse them, and make them feel unsafe, or turbulent.

Your actions will directly contribute to how secure you child with autism feels. Make sure you follow these simple steps and you should do well by your child.

More information and resources about Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders can be found at my website http://www.autismspectrumresources.blogspot.com/.

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Discovery Of Biomarkers For Autism Could Lead To Diagnostic Test

Main Category: Autism
Article Date: 26 Mar 2012 – 2:00 PDT

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An important step towards developing a rapid, inexpensive diagnostic method for autism has been taken by Uppsala University, among other universities. Through advanced mass spectrometry the researchers managed to capture promising biomarkers from a tiny blood sample. The study has just been published in the prestigious journal Nature Translational Psychiatry.

There are no acknowledged biomarkers for autism today. Researchers at Berzelii Centre and the Science for Life Laboratory in Uppsala who, in collaboration with colleagues at Linnaeus University in Sweden and the Faculty of Medicine in Tehran, Iran, who have discovered some promising biomarkers.

Many diseases are caused by protein alterations inside and outside the body’s cells. By studying protein patterns in tissue and body fluids, these alterations can be mapped to provide important information about underlying causes of disease. Sometimes protein patterns can also be used as biomarkers to enable diagnosis or as a prognosticating tool to monitor the development of a disease. In the current study disruptions of the nervous system were in focus when the scientists studied protein patterns in autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

To identify potential biomarkers (peptides or proteins), the researchers performed a detailed protein analysis of blood plasma from children with ASD compared with a control group. Using advanced mass spectrometric methods, they succeeded in identifying peptides consisting of fragments of a protein whose natural function is in the immune system, the complement factor C3 protein.

The study is based on blood samples from a relatively limited group of children, but the results indicate the potential of our methodological strategy. There is already a known connection between this protein and ASD, which further reinforces the findings, says Jonas Bergquist, professor of analytical chemistry and neurochemistry at the Department of Chemistry – BMC (Biomedical Centre) in Uppsala.

The hope is that this new set of biomarkers ultimately will lead to a reliable blood-based diagnostic tool.

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our autism section for the latest news on this subject. Read the article. http://www.nature.com/tp/journal/v2/n3/full/tp201219a.html
Autism spectrum disorder is a collective name for neuropsychiatric disturbances that lead to functional impairment in at least two of the three areas that characterize autism:
-reciprocal social interaction
-reciprocal verbal and non-verbal communication
-imagination and behaviour

ASD comprises:
-Autism
-Asperger’s syndrome
-Disintegrative disorder (Heller’s syndrome)
-Atypical autism
The study was funded by the Swedish Research Council, among other financiers.
Uppsala University

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

MLA

Uppsala University. “Discovery Of Biomarkers For Autism Could Lead To Diagnostic Test.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 26 Mar. 2012. Web.
28 Mar. 2012. APA

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.


posted by Living With Autistic Children on 26 Mar 2012 at 7:57 am

As a mother of triplets who are all on the spectrum I am keeping an eye on research because it may help my children in the future. It would be super if Autism could be detected with a blood test. Looking forward to hearing more about this down the road.

| post followup | alert a moderator |


‘Discovery Of Biomarkers For Autism Could Lead To Diagnostic Test’

Please note that we publish your name, but we do not publish your email address. It is only used to let you know when your message is published. We do not use it for any other purpose. Please see our privacy policy for more information.

If you write about specific medications or operations, please do not name health care professionals by name.

All opinions are moderated before being included (to stop spam)

Contact Our News Editors

For any corrections of factual information, or to contact the editors please use our feedback form.

Please send any medical news or health news press releases to:

Note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. For more information, please read our terms and conditions.


View the original article here

Discovery Of Biomarkers For Autism Could Lead To Diagnostic Test

Main Category: Autism
Article Date: 26 Mar 2012 – 2:00 PDT

email icon email to a friend   printer icon printer friendly   write icon opinions  

not yet rated5 stars
An important step towards developing a rapid, inexpensive diagnostic method for autism has been taken by Uppsala University, among other universities. Through advanced mass spectrometry the researchers managed to capture promising biomarkers from a tiny blood sample. The study has just been published in the prestigious journal Nature Translational Psychiatry.

There are no acknowledged biomarkers for autism today. Researchers at Berzelii Centre and the Science for Life Laboratory in Uppsala who, in collaboration with colleagues at Linnaeus University in Sweden and the Faculty of Medicine in Tehran, Iran, who have discovered some promising biomarkers.

Many diseases are caused by protein alterations inside and outside the body’s cells. By studying protein patterns in tissue and body fluids, these alterations can be mapped to provide important information about underlying causes of disease. Sometimes protein patterns can also be used as biomarkers to enable diagnosis or as a prognosticating tool to monitor the development of a disease. In the current study disruptions of the nervous system were in focus when the scientists studied protein patterns in autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

To identify potential biomarkers (peptides or proteins), the researchers performed a detailed protein analysis of blood plasma from children with ASD compared with a control group. Using advanced mass spectrometric methods, they succeeded in identifying peptides consisting of fragments of a protein whose natural function is in the immune system, the complement factor C3 protein.

The study is based on blood samples from a relatively limited group of children, but the results indicate the potential of our methodological strategy. There is already a known connection between this protein and ASD, which further reinforces the findings, says Jonas Bergquist, professor of analytical chemistry and neurochemistry at the Department of Chemistry – BMC (Biomedical Centre) in Uppsala.

The hope is that this new set of biomarkers ultimately will lead to a reliable blood-based diagnostic tool.

Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click ‘references’ tab above for source.
Visit our autism section for the latest news on this subject. Read the article. http://www.nature.com/tp/journal/v2/n3/full/tp201219a.html
Autism spectrum disorder is a collective name for neuropsychiatric disturbances that lead to functional impairment in at least two of the three areas that characterize autism:
-reciprocal social interaction
-reciprocal verbal and non-verbal communication
-imagination and behaviour

ASD comprises:
-Autism
-Asperger’s syndrome
-Disintegrative disorder (Heller’s syndrome)
-Atypical autism
The study was funded by the Swedish Research Council, among other financiers.
Uppsala University

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

MLA

Uppsala University. “Discovery Of Biomarkers For Autism Could Lead To Diagnostic Test.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 26 Mar. 2012. Web.
28 Mar. 2012. APA

Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.


posted by Living With Autistic Children on 26 Mar 2012 at 7:57 am

As a mother of triplets who are all on the spectrum I am keeping an eye on research because it may help my children in the future. It would be super if Autism could be detected with a blood test. Looking forward to hearing more about this down the road.

| post followup | alert a moderator |


‘Discovery Of Biomarkers For Autism Could Lead To Diagnostic Test’

Please note that we publish your name, but we do not publish your email address. It is only used to let you know when your message is published. We do not use it for any other purpose. Please see our privacy policy for more information.

If you write about specific medications or operations, please do not name health care professionals by name.

All opinions are moderated before being included (to stop spam)

Contact Our News Editors

For any corrections of factual information, or to contact the editors please use our feedback form.

Please send any medical news or health news press releases to:

Note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. For more information, please read our terms and conditions.


View the original article here

How To Help A Child With Aspergers

As a teacher an ample knowledge regarding a child with aspergers would benefit you.  It would be advantageous if you would understand the needs and wants of children with the syndrome. Kids who have this syndrome have issues with communication; they don’t interact well with their classmates. Interaction skills are very essential. They are crucial to a child’s improvement. Kids need to be equipped with the necessary social skills that they might excel later on in life. The speech pattern should be improved, and teachers must find a way to help these children upgrade their social and interaction skills.

Children with the syndrome don’t usually maintain eye contact. Eye contact is essential to improve nonverbal communication. Its of utmost importance to find ways to help children comprehend that eye contact should be sustained while talking with others. It can help them to build trust and confidence among their peers. Kids will have a hard time maintaining their social group if they will not gain the social esteem that a child should have. The tone of voice and natural way of speaking is essential. A child must be educated on the importance of expressing their emotions well without resorting to violent outbursts.

Children have various levels of maturity, several kinds of treatment and ways of educating need. All these require to be mastered so that one will become an effective teacher. Its rewarding to be able to help a kid with Aspergers relate well with others.

The goal is to prevent the negative perception that a kid could exhibit if he or she did not comprehend something. Kids with Asperger may be vulnerable to changes and disruptions in their daily life. A small change will trigger their behavior and they may react in an unpleasant manner. Kids with the syndrome tend to react in a different way. They have their own sense of right and wrong and this could result to a confused state. Its a need for teachers and parents to help them get to know and recognize why they should undergo changes.

Parents along with teachers need to learn as much as they would with regard to the syndrome. Every year there is a new research regarding the subject which will help them in dealing with varying circumstances. One needs to be prepared and willing to undergo learning and unlearning so as to get to the results they want.  To help a kid with aspergers experience a happy life, love and understanding helps a lot.

To discover your best resource of parental information as it refers to raising kids with aspergers check out http://www.parentingaspergerscommunity.com
Article Source

Get To Know More About Children With Aspergers

Children with Asperger’s have a different way of understanding and reacting to the stimulus around them. They have a diverse way of picking up nonverbal social cues regarding their facial expression and body language.

Children with Aspergers may want to consume very specific type of foods. Parents who have children with Asperger’s need to train themselves that they might adapt well to the demands of their kid. Change and other disruptions in the day to day schedule of household chores and activities should be done in a slower pace so as to give kids with Asperger’s time to adjust. Independent tendencies in behavior are commonly observed with kids who have this condition, they have a way of making their own set of guidelines to follow, and this might not usually follow the conventional route.

Children who have Asperger syndrome would be excellent academically; many tend to have average and superior IQ scores. It may take a while for children with Aspergers to blend in with a certain group. The tendency to understand things in a literal manner might often be a character that describes kids with Asperger.

Inspite of the fact that some kids have gained the ability to socialize, most of them aren’t adept to maintaining long time bonds with their friends. Any child with Aspergers is vulnerable to come across anxiety due to the inability of most associations to adjust to their requirements. Obsessive compulsiveness might also be seen with children who have the syndrome.

There are very few physical manifestations that can be attributed to the syndrome, which is why it would be difficult to detect if a child is experiencing it. It is not detected easily and several kids will grow up experiencing the syndrome without it being diagnosed. Interacting with persons who are experiencing Asperger’s may be challenging. Kids who have the syndrome may seem withdrawn and distant. They would often be misunderstood in various aspects of their life.

The requirement for more understanding and further research has to be given so as to prevent the frustration that some are experiencing due to the lack of information regarding Asperger syndrome.

To discover your best resource of parental information as it refers to raising kids with aspergers check out http://www.parentingaspergerscommunity.com
Article Source

Autism Anxiety Overload

The renowned autism expert Tony Atwood is fond of putting it this way: “Autism is anxiety looking for a target.” Autism and anxiety go hand-in-hand. Autism affects a person’s ability to communicate with others or to understand the world around him, and that’s bound to cause anxiety and panic sometimes.

Anxiety becomes even worse when there is a change in the autistic child’s routine. Even positive and “fun” changes, like a school field trip or a visit to the zoo, can increase anxiety and aggressive behaviors.

For parents, the best course of action is to anticipate upcoming changes and help your child prepare for them. Many parents find it helpful to use stories and pictures to prepare children for impending disruptions. If it’s a field trip to the zoo, for example, use pictures to show your child what he’ll see at the zoo, what the zoo will be like, and what sort of things to expect. Do this each day for three or four days prior to the trip. That way, when the trip actually happens, the child won’t be entirely out of his element, but will already understand and appreciate some of what will be happening.

Other changes in the routine are less enjoyable but still necessary. Getting a new teacher can be traumatic, as can moving to a new house. If at all possible, try to spread out the major changes. If you move to a new house, try to do it during the summer, so that your child won’t have to deal with the added anxiety of getting a new school and new teacher mid-year.

You can also introduce your child to the concept of “change” in a positive way by practicing with non-negative things. For example, just for practice, give him a little extra TV time instead of homework time one night, to show that changes in the routine can often be fun and good. Then practice with a neutral change (homework after dinner instead of before dinner), then with a negative one (changing play time into chore time). This process can help your child grow accustomed to the idea of change and learn to adapt without becoming anxious.

For continual, ongoing anxiety, many parents have begun using anti-anxiety medications for their autistic children. Usually, the medications are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and are also used for obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression. Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft and Anafranil are all common for anxiety in autistic children.

For behavioral problems, antipsychotics such as Haldol, fluphenazine and chlorpromazine can be prescribed. These can reduce aggression in autistic kids, but sometimes also cause sedation and muscle stiffness.

All patients are different. You and your doctor should monitor your child’s progress very closely, using the lowest dose of medication possible, to see if what improvements it makes and whether there are any adverse reactions. Medication should be the last resort for autism, not the first one. There are a number of natural remedies available if you don’t want to go down the drug route. But try behavioral and dietary modifications first, to see what improvements can be made naturally.

There are many more resources and information about diagnosing, controlling and treating Autism in, The Essential Guide To Autism – for more info – Click Here