Tag Archives: Diagnosis Of Autism

Question?: Pdd Autism

Paul asks…

What is Autism exactly-I have an autistic sister?

I would like to understand her situation better. I don’t live with her so when ever I do see her (which is like maybe once every 5 months, if that) she’s a little hard to handle. She’s very hyper. And she’s got more problems other than just autism.

But what is autism exactly? I just want to understand my baby sister more.

admin answers:

Autism is a severe developmental disorder that begins at birth or within the first two-and-a-half years of life. Most autistic children are perfectly normal in appearance, but spend their time engaged in puzzling and disturbing behaviors which are markedly different from those of typical children. Less severe cases may be diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) or with Asperger’s Syndrome (these children typically have normal speech, but they have many “autistic” social and behavioral problems).

It used to be thought that autism is just a fate that you accept.The good news is that there are now a wide variety of treatment options which can be very helpful. Some treatments may lead to great improvement, and others may have little or no effect, but a good starting point would be the parent ratings of biomedical interventions, which presents the responses of over 25,000 parents in showing the effectiveness of various interventions on their own child.

ARI’s Diagnostic Checklist, Form E-2, was developed by Dr. Bernard Rimland to diagnose children with Kanner’s syndrome (which is also known as ‘classical autism’). Many parents and professionals have also used the E-2 checklist to assist in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). You can print out, complete the checklist, and then mail it to ARI for scoring. Our staff will analyze the responses and send you a score along with an interpretation. The checklist is available in 17 different languages. There is no charge for this service.

How Common is it? For many years autism was rare – occurring in just five children per 10,000 live births. However, since the early 1990’s, the rate of autism has increased exponentially around the world with figures as high as 60 per 10,000. Boys outnumber girls four to one. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 1 in 150 children is diagnosed with autism.

What is the Outlook? Age at intervention has a direct impact on outcome–typically, the earlier a child is treated, the better the prognosis will be. In recent years there has been a marked increase in the percentage of children who can attend school in a typical classroom and live semi-independently in community settings. However, the majority of autistic persons remain impaired in their ability to communicate and socialize.

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Question?: Autism Signs In Older Children

Michael asks…

How do you determine a learning disability?

Is it based on IQ and if so how is this tested if a child is non verbal. We are getting our official diagnosis of our son next week and know it will be severe autism and learning disability. We can choose to accept or not the diagnosis, I agree with the autism one but how can a learning disability diagnosis be secure in a 3.5 yr old if he doen’t speak.

admin answers:

Learning disabilities are generally broken down into four major categories including spoken language, written language, arithmetic, and reasoning. Because one cannot ‘see’ a learning disability, it is often called the ‘hidden disability.’ This makes assessment somewhat more difficult to determine and often leaves many individuals with learning disabilities to suffer in silence and isolation.

Learning disabilities typically originate in childhood and if identified early, parents and teachers can use various interventions to help the child cope with his or her disability. Some important signals that parents can look for that may be a sign of a learning disability include: difficulty understanding and/or following directions; poor memory; failure to master major milestones in scholastic development on time (i.e. Reading, math, writing) usually resulting in poor performance in school, problems with reversing letters and/or numbers, lack of hand-eye-movement coordination, and other behaviours that seem out of the ordinary when considering the child’s age and developmental stage.
It will be hard for you to consider the following but it is very important: forget about stigma; later you will need to claim DLA and Mobility; a diagnosis of Autism on its own won’t guarantee this but a double diagnosis will make it easier.
You will know your own child and any medical diagnosis will not change that but it may make life easier in the future.

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Question?: Autism Signs In Toddler Girls

Jenny asks…

3 month old Autism advice?

Hello,

My 3 month old daughter is unfortunately showing the signs of Autism. Our Pedi is asking us to wait 2 more weeks to see if she starts to make better eye contact and starts to smile but in my gut, sadly, I feel like this will be the diagnosis. We have already called a specialist who wont be able to see us until August.

My question to the group, is there any advice in terms of treatment or exercises I can do with the baby to help her along? I feel helpless and want to do anything I can to help my little girl.

Thank you in advance for your replies
I truly appreciate the posts so far. 2 follow ups 1. We had her eyes checked last week and she passed with flying colors. 2. According to several websites early signs of Autism can be detected in 3 months http://www.parents.com/baby/health/autism/autism-month-by-month-guide/

Thank you all again!

admin answers:

I am by no means totally educated on the fact, but I am fairly certain that autism is not something that is diagnosed in infants. It becomes apparent in toddler hood and a lengthy observation period follows before a true diagnosis of autism. If your baby is unresponsive to stimuli and not smiling, there could be literally hundreds of other reasons. Your baby is only 3 months old, I would not stress out until you know a bit more information. But please try and relax in the knowledge that autism is not apparent in a 3 month old baby.

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Question?: Schizophrenia In Children

Lisa asks…

Can mental illnesses such as autism and schizophrenia be passed on to children?

My fiance and I both of family members who suffer from these ailments, my sister has autism, and her mother has schizophrenia. When we decide to have children of our own, is their a higher chance that they might suffer from these conditions? Also, is my soon to be wife at risk of becoming schizophrenic herself? She is 19 and currently in good mental health.

admin answers:

Unfortunately neither of those conditions are particularly well understood.

It is true that there are believed to be genetic influences in both of them, but there are also many other factors that researchers are looking at. Exactly how much genetic influence is not clear at all, and a genetic history certainly doesn’t mean that children will develop them.

On the positive side, there is no evidence whatsoever that autism is influenced by vaccinations – something which has become internet folklore and has been disproven by recent large-scale scientific studies. Also early diagnosis of autism is becoming better, and autistic children who get early intervention therapies are showing great improvements.

Schizophrenia normally doesn’t develop until adulthood. Its cause is pretty much a mystery but research is concentrating on brain development. It certainly seems to have a genetic component, but research suggests that its onset can be signficantly affected by environmental factors like psychological stress.

With one known case in your family of each (and on different sides), and yourselves being presumably healthy, it doesn’t sound like the genetic risk is very significant for any children you might have. Remember also that these two conditions, while both affecting the brain, are unrelated so the risk is not increased by having one of each in the family.

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Question?: Treatment For Autism 2012

Donald asks…

If you are a parent/sibling/grandparent with or of a child with special needs…?

How open are you to sharing your story about his/her educational experience (good or bad) to be published in a text for future educators or practicing teachers?

I am currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree to be a intervention specialist for children with moderate to intense needs. I will graduate this year, 2012, and I am very interested in publishing a book of parent stories, whether the stories have to deal with the education system, families, growing up, initial reactions, etc.

What I am looking for is an answer to: How many families/parents/grandparents/siblings will openly share their story to enhance the education of others?

Thank you in advance for your interest and time.

admin answers:

I think you’ll find a great number of people who are willing to. I have a daughter with autism and belong to a mom’s group that has about a dozen or so moms who are able to meet Wednesday afternoons (there are other groups that run at other times so this is just a small subset of moms who are stay at home or have flexible work schedules), and I’ve found every single one of them remembers how hard it is to face something as daunting as a diagnosis of autism and finding your way through treatments, dietary help, and education that everyone is more than happy to share their experience and advice about their experiences.

You’re probably looking for people in the US (I’m in Canada) and I’ve only just started out with Junior Kindergarten so far (in a special school too – we only have to start facing the public system starting in September which we are not looking forward to), but if you can find the support groups out there you will find plenty of people more than willing to help you if they know it will help other parents in similar situations.

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Question?: Pdd Nos Symptoms

Donald asks…

my 6 yr old was just dxd with pdd-nos we had her iep at school yesterday, but i need some advice?

need help understanding pddnos what is my child allowed to have in school? whats types of behavior are similar to other kids, need to talk to someone with a child with same issues

admin answers:

I taught a few students diagnosed with PDD-NOS and for the most part they had what is called SDD – Significant Developmental Delays. This means they may be behind in growth or hitting typical milestones in development. One of my students was very intelligent; however, he did not interact well among his peers socially. With each child, behavior varies. Here’s some more information below…

Hope this helps!

Pervasive Development Disorders (PDD)
Home > About Autism > What are Autism Spectrum Disorders? > Pervasive Development Disorders (PDD)

Defining AutismPervasive Developmental DisorderLearn the SignsRelated Disorders

Pervasive Development Disorders (PDD)
The term “PDD” is widely used by professionals to refer to children with autism and related disorders; however, there is a great deal of disagreement and confusion among professionals concerning the PDD label. Diagnosis of PDD, including autism or any other developmental disability, is based upon the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association (Washington, DC, 1994), and is the main diagnostic reference of mental health professionals in the U.S.

According to the DSM-IV, the term “PDD” is not a specific diagnosis, but an umbrella term under which the specific diagnoses are defined.

Diagnostic labels are used to indicate commonalities among individuals. The key defining symptom of autism that differentiates it from other syndromes and/or conditions is substantial impairment in social interaction (Frith, 1989). The diagnosis of autism indicates that qualitative impairments in communication, social skills, and range of interests and activities exist. As no medical tests can be performed to indicate the presence of autism or any other PDD, the diagnosis is based upon the presence or absence of specific behaviors. For example, a child may be diagnosed as having PDD-NOS if he or she has some behaviors that are seen in autism, but does not meet the full criteria for having autism. Most importantly, whether a child is diagnosed with a PDD (like autism) or a PDD-NOS, his/her treatment will be similar.

Autism is a spectrum disorder, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. As a spectrum disorder, the level of developmental delay is unique to each individual. If a diagnosis of PDD-NOS is made, rather than autism, the diagnosticians should clearly specify the behaviors present. Evaluation reports are more useful if they are specific and become more helpful for parents and professionals in later years when reevaluations are conducted.

Ideally, a multidisciplinary team of professionals should evaluate a child suspected of having autism. The team may include, but may not be limited to, a psychologist or psychiatrist, a speech pathologist and other medical professionals, including a developmental pediatrician and/or neurologist. Parents and teachers should also be included, as they have important information to share when determining a child’s diagnosis.

In the end, parents should be more concerned that their child find the appropriate educational treatment based on their needs, rather than spending too much effort to find the perfect diagnostic label. Most often, programs designed specifically for children with autism will produce greater benefits, while the use of the general PDD label can prevent children from obtaining services relative to their needs.

Behaviors:
The central features of Autistic Disorder are the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication, and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. The manifestations of this disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. Autistic Disorder is sometimes referred to as Early Infantile Autism, Childhood Autism, or Kanner’s Autism (page 66).

A. A total of six (or more) items from (1), (2), and (3), with at least two from (1), and one each from (2) and (3):

Qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following:
Marked impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction .
Failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
A lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people (e.g., by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest)
Lack of social or emotional reciprocity
Qualitative impairments in communication as manifested by at least one of the following:
Delay in, or total lack of, the development of spoken language (not accompanied by an attempt to compensate through alternative modes of communication such as gestures or mime)
In individuals with adequate speech, marked impairment in the ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others
Stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language
Lack of varied, spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level
Restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, as manifested by at least one of the following:
Encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus
Apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals
Stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g., hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole-body movements)
Persistent preoccupation with parts of object
B. Delays or abnormal functioning in at least one of the following areas, with onset prior to age 3 years:

Social interaction
Language as used in social communication
Symbolic or imaginative play
C. The disturbance is not better accounted for by Rett’s Disorder or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Genetics

Nancy asks…

what is autism?

like how do you get it, what happens when you have it?
what is it?

admin answers:

Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Autism is characterized by impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. Other ASDs include Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS). Experts estimate that one in 67 children will have autism. Males are four times more likely to have autism than females.

What causes autism?
Scientists aren’t certain what causes autism, but it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role. Researchers have identified a number of genes associated with the disorder. Studies of people with autism have found irregularities in several regions of the brain. Other studies suggest that people with autism have abnormal levels of serotonin or other neurotransmitters in the brain. These abnormalities suggest that autism could result from the disruption of normal brain development early in fetal development caused by defects in genes that control brain growth and that regulate how neurons communicate with each other. While these findings are intriguing, they are preliminary and require further study. The theory that parental practices are responsible for autism has now been disproved.

How is autism diagnosed?
Autism varies widely in its severity and symptoms and may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affected children or when it is masked by more debilitating handicaps. Doctors rely on a core group of behaviors to alert them to the possibility of a diagnosis of autism. These behaviors are:
impaired ability to make friends with peers
impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others
absence or impairment of imaginative and social play
stereotyped, repetitive, or unusual use of language
restricted patterns of interest that are abnormal in intensity or focus
preoccupation with certain objects or subjects
inflexible adherence to specific routines or rituals.

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Question?: Treatment For Autism In Toddlers

Richard asks…

Autism question: young toddler already showing signs?

I have a young toddler showing some signs of autism already. The pediatrician has brought it up briefly and will prob setup some sort of screening test for it soon. I believe if he has it its not at the highest level.

I personally don’t know a ton about Autism, are there different levels of Autism?

Can it get worse or better with therapy?

What causes Autism and is there any medication to help in the future?

I always thought Autism was another name for a learning disability.

admin answers:

There are definitely different levels of autism. It can range from severe autism all the way to some simple learning disabilities. My son was diagnosed with PDD NOS at age 2, which is a mild form of autism. He basically has speech delays and some “quirks” in his personality as we call it.

The sooner your child is diagnosed and starts therapy, the better they will do later on. I highly recommend asking your pediatrician for a referral to a developmental pediatrician or neurologist. There is testing they can do (even at young ages) to see if your child falls on the autism spectrum, and then will recommend therapies/treatments.

Therapy definitely helps immensely. I have several friends who had mildly autistic children, and with intensive therapy, the no longer carry a diagnosis of autism. Its possible to overcome mild cases, or the diagnosis will change to something like ADD, etc.

There is no known cause for autism, but is mainly thought to be either genetic. Depending on what your child’s issues are, there are some medications out there that can help.

Like I said, I highly recommend getting your child evaluated by a developmental pediatrician or neurologist ASAP. I wish you the best of luck!!

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Question?: Rett Syndrome Research

John asks…

What are the chances of my children having autism?

If my wife and her sister are autistic (the rest of the family is fine) , what are the chances that our children will be autistic? Is it true that autistic people often have normal children?

admin answers:

Do they actually have a diagnosis of autism, if so have genetics been ruled out. Old school (remember there is a great deal of on-going research) with a history of autism in the family there was an 10% increased risk.

If there is a genetic condition that results in a diagnosis of autism or if it results in the individual having numerous characteristics of autism the odds could change drastically. A visit to a genetic counselor might not be a bad idea – rule out conditions such as Angelman, Fragile X or Rett Syndrome.

If there are female relatives with a history of early menopause, or older relatives with a history of Parkinson Disease or balance/gait problems with dementia I’d make Fragile X a priority to rule out (these are conditions more prevalent in the fragile X carrier population.) Females with Fragile X (carrier or full-mutation) have a 50/50 chance of passing it on with each pregnancy.

Anyone can have “normal” children and keep in mind we might all define “normal” differently.

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Autism In The News, 2012, Week 30

Finding and classifying autism for effective intervention

blog.oup.com7/30/12

People are finding autism in their families, pediatric offices, day cares, preschools, playgrounds, and classrooms. Individuals with autism are now portrayed in movies, television shows, news reports, and documentaries.

The diagnosis of autism is being hotly debated in the media, academic medical centers, universities, autism centers, and advocacy agencies.

How Autism is Changing the World for Everybody

io9.com7/26/12

There’s not much doubt that autism, along with Asperger Syndrome, is finally becoming accepted as a normal part of the human fabric. Even if some people still see autism as a condition that needs to be “treated,” it’s increasingly obvious that people on the autism spectrum are finding ways to succeed in our neurotypical-based society.

Not only that, but autistic people are changing the nature of our society as well — in many ways, for the better.

Autism Speaks: Celebrity Supporters

www.looktothestars.org3/6/06

Celebrity supporters of Autism Speaks, including Ricky Gervais, Maroon 5, and Yoko Ono.

Thanks Guys! (PS: Yoko Rocks!) 

Doc Talk: No truth to link between vaccines and autism – Kansas.com

news.google.com

Kansas.comDoc Talk:

The idea that the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine or any thimerosal containing vaccine causes autism is not a scientific controversy.

It is an urban myth that exploded in 1998 when a British surgeon named Andrew Wakefield performed intestinal biopsies on eight autistic children and claimed he found measles virus from their MMR vaccinations. His study has repeatedly been used to claim that the MMR causes autism. However, there was no scientific credibility to Wakefield’s study for a number of reasons:

Autistic students to benefit from e-learning tool – Times of India

news.google.com

Taking advantage of the fact that students with autism are good at using technology, including computers and mobile, the city-headquartered Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is developing an e-learning tool for these children.

The tool has loads of animated lessons supported by sounds and music, multimedia characters and colourful presentations, which promise to engage students with autism in the learning lessons.

Tattoo event raises funds, awareness for autism – Nashua Telegraph

www.nashuatelegraph.com7/30/12

When Kyle Leblanc, 19, and his sister Alicia, 23, from Billerica, Mass, entered Mayhem Ink on Saturday, they had no idea a benefit for autism was happening.
“It was a nice surprise,” Alicia Leblanc said. “I think it’s wonderful that they are doing something like this. They need to do more things like this.”
Kyle, who said he’s “wanted to get (a tattoo) for a long time,” was getting his first tattoo, a Celtic cross in honor of his grandfather who passed away last month. His sister was getting the same tattoo.
The Leblancs were happy to say that their tattoos would help raise money for autism.

Isn’t that a fun way to raise funds. 

Have you checked out our Facebook Page at https://www.facebook.com/pages/Autism-Aspergers-Syndrome-in-Laymans-Terms/224419747646443?ref=hl
A “Like” would be appreciated :-) Tagged as: autism awareness

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