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Types Of Autism Revealed

The term “autism” is a generalized term which falls inside a larger medical category oftentimes called “the 5 Pervasive Development Disorders”. Autism is the most common type of development disorder and can appear in a range of  types and severity of condition. This has led to the term “Autism Spectrum Disorder” which can be often used to identify and discuss the differing types of autism. What this implies is that someone diagnosed as having autism will have one of several different types of autism which have features that are comparable in some respects and different in others.

Inside the Autism Spectrum Disorder there exists four subcategories of autism which are Asperger Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified or “PDD-NOS”. Seeing as each of these are types of autism they all share some general autism traits.

It is generally acknowledged that autism is related to the brain or what some are now calling “mindblindness”. At some point between birth and the first two-and-a-half years of age there’s a serious development problem inside the brain that prevents parts of the brain from functioning as one. As the child gets older they find it more and more difficult to communicate and connect to other people around them in what we deem a normal and socially acceptable manner. Dependant upon how bad the brain disorder was early on in life will determine how serious the type of autism is when the child becomes older.

What we have discussed thus far has told us that all types of autism are linked to a condition within the brain. Now we will look at how each of the types of autism are different.

1. Asperger Syndrome (AS)

indicated by impaired speech and communication skills
restrictive patterns in the manner the individual behaves and thinks

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Children with Asperger Syndrome often exhibit very obsessive behavior towards a single subject or topic and refuse to focus on anything else. This makes it very difficult for them to socialize with others, especially their peer group and they find it hard to talk and interact normally. Also very common is delayed learning when it comes to motor skills like riding a bike, being able to catch a ball or even climbing on playground equipment. The child is usually thought of as being clumsy and inept.

2. Rett Syndrome

symptoms tend to be noticed earlier on in a child’s life than other types of autism
generally is encountered only in girls and unexpectedly begins to surface some six to eighteen months after a normal infant development pattern

A baby with Rett Syndrome exhibits a slow down or oftentimes even a loss of customary development skills that were already developed before Rett Syndrome. Added signs of this infant disorder may include problems learning to walk, increased delay in learning basic motor skills and often there is a lessening in skull growth rate.

3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD)

less common type of autism
occurs later than other types of autism, not until around age 3 or four
frequently a dramatic loss of social, communication and other kinds of skills

A child afflicted with CDD generally has demonstrated normal development well beyond that phase where other types of autism may become evident. Everything appears fine, until unexpectedly around the ages of 3 or 4 the child in a short time begins to have difficulty speaking normally, doing social activities with others and begins to fall behind in normal skill development for their age group. In very severe cases this may even lead to mental retardation.

4. Pervasive Development Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

generally the mildest type of autism and is usually diagnosed around 4 years old
core features are problems with social interaction and communication

A child with PDD-NOS enjoys the company of other people but has a difficult time reacting appropriately and making genuine connections with their friends. For example they find it difficult to relate to the feelings of others, and as such would not know how to appriopriately react if someone is laughing or crying. Areas of difficulty with respect to communicating with other people include a restricted vocabulary, repetitive language, narrow interests and poor nonverbal communication.

As you can see the definition of autism just isn’t so simple as many people presume it to be. Differing autism features have given rise to a number of different types of autism that will impinge on children and adults in a wide range of ways, often depending upon how severe the condition is for that person.

It is extremely important to understand that the above facts about autism, together with the types of autism discussed, are merely general guidelines and are in no way intended to be a medical diagnosis. If you believe that your son or daughter may have autism, then please seek out medical advice from a physician.

Take action now to find out more about what is autism disorder and learn to help your child and yourself as a concerned parent or an adult dealing with autism. Visit our website now to learn more about the types of autism and much more. Articles on autism, videos and links to other resources including books on autism. Let us help you as we have already helped hundreds of other concerned parents with autistic children as well as adults with autism .
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Tips for potty training an autistic child

Any issue surrounding potty training an autistic child will be similar to those issues you would meet when potty training a typically developing child.

However the issues faced with potty training an autistic child may in some cases be larger and less easy to overcome.

Generally reported by parents of autistic children are their child’s sensitivities and fears surrounding potty training. Most autistic children will have autistic sensory issues. The noise the toilet makes can cause fear in many autistic toddlers.

The rushing or whirling water leaving the toilet can upset an autistic child. As well as these other sensitivity issues can cause fear and anxiety in the autistic toddler.

Some autistic toddlers may fail to recognize the feelings or cues that will alert them to the fact that they need to use the potty or toilet. This can be exasperated at times when the child may have a change of schedule or routine this can cause the autistic toddler to sometimes forget the feelings or cues when they need to use the potty.

Dependant upon the severity of the child’s disability, age, and his or her environment, potty training success may occur in as little as a few weeks. It’s also not uncommon for the process to take several months or more.

Many parents of autistic toddlers become confused as to when they should begin potty training their child, as with typically developing children most kids become aware of needing to go potty. They may become distressed after soiling themselves, they may alert you to the fact they need to go etc. this is the same for autistic kids.

However parents of autistic kids should also bear in mind their autistic child’s psychological age and disabilities, and should not try to force the issue until their child is of an age psychologically to be able to cope with potty training routines.

Some of the signs of physical readiness you may notice can include your autistic infant expressing their need urinate or have a bowel movement by the change in their facial expressions, posture or by what they say. Maybe they are staying dry for at least 2 hours at a time, and having regular bowel movements.

Once you feel your autistic infant is ready to begin potty or toilet training you should make everyone involved in your child’s care aware of your decision to begin potty training.

Many parents of autistic kids have found great support and help by using social stories for potty training in autism.

These are easy to download from the internet and provide your autistic child with visual images and cues to how and when to use the potty.

Reports and studies show social stories for potty training in autism have contributed to great success rates for parents of autistic kids. These short visually rich pieces of text can be easily implemented and help parents teach potty training to autistic children by means of visual representations of the skill.

It has been proven that autistic children respond well to visual supports and cues. This makes social stories to teach potty training to autistic children an excellent tool when going through this difficult time in a child’s life.

To understand more about potty training an autistic infant and to download potty training social skills stories visit:

http://www.autismsocialstories.com/potty

For other social stories including hygiene skills and preschool autism social stories visit:

http://www.autismscoialstories.com/preschool

OR http://www.insideautisticminds.com

social stories are used to teach various social and communication skills and behaviors to children and young people with autism and related disabilities.
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