Tag Archives: Children Autism

Sensory Activities for Autistic Children

Autism, a disorder that creates behavioral, social, and communication challenges, exists within the Autism Spectrum group of disorders. Autism can affect the child’s ability to integrate input coming from different senses. Sensory integration therapy can help a child by stimulating and challenging all of his or her senses. Some sensory activities for autistic children can also help a child learn to tolerate different tactile experiences. In addition, the children can learn to have fun while being creative.

Some autistic kids are overly sensitive to touch; some prefer touching and stroking soft, smooth items for hours. Many children with ASD cannot tolerate the feel of new clothes, or scratchy textiles. Still others pat and explore the faces of their caregivers.

Some sensory activities for autistic children include rubbing or stroking their skin with different textures. Use firm pressure to stimulate the deep pressure receptors and to avoid exciting the nervous system. Other ways of encouraging building tolerance to rough or scratchy textiles can include play with sandpaper shapes and letters, or plastic or wooden blocks with raised letters. Create a sensory board with clippings of all different types of fabric and other materials that are made up of different textures: sandpaper, string, smooth glass, corduroy, aluminum foil that’s been crinkled up and then straightened out, and cardboard.

Another sensory activity to have the child perform is to play with colored rice. This project is both tactile and artistic; the goal is to help build tolerance to different textures while creating a work of art, which makes it a favorite of many sensory activities for autistic children. Take one cup of dry white rice, one teaspoon of rubbing alcohol, a medium-sized bowl and a spoon, aluminum foil or waxed paper, and three to four drops of food coloring. Use the rice:rubbing alcohol:food coloring ratio for each color you’d like. Put the rice in the bowl, add the rubbing alcohol, and drip on the food coloring, making sure to stir well between each drop. When the rice is the intensity you like, spread it onto the foil or waxed paper and allow it to dry. Repeat it with the other colors. To make art with the rice, have the child draw a picture or word onto card stock or bristol board, then trace the image or word with white glue, one section at a time. The child can drizzle the colored rice onto the glue. As with many sensory activities for autistic children, some kids may become overwhelmed if they have too much colored rice at once. Try placing a small amount of rice into a small paper cup and refill as necessary.

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Autism in America

Autism has always been a tough issue to talk about because, many times, people do not understand what autism really is and how it works. A recent shift in media has showcased autism and its effects. Television shows such as Parenthood, have dedicated entire episodes to the issues that children with autism, such as the character Max, face while growing up. Washington has also taken notice and has created legislation that allows research about autism to continue. Most recently, President Obama signed a new piece of legislation that will let autism research continue for the next three years. The original law was passed in 2006, but expired last week. The Combating Autism Reauthorization Act of 2011 will provide researchers $231 million to continue their work and hopefully find better solutions to help our autistic children.

Autism, which was first recognized in 1943, is an assortment of communication, social and behavioral disorders. At its worst, it can leave a child trapped in an unsolvable shell; however, a large number of autistic people are high-functioning have the ability to make tremendous strides through treatment. Some of the frequent characteristics of autism are behavior social skill deficits, limited interest and repetitive behavior. Still, scientists don’t know exactly what causes it – genetics alone?, a virus or a toxin? – or why the numbers continue to skyrocket.

Autism has been on the rise within the past decade and for reasons that are unknown. Today, just about 1 in 110 American children have an autism spectrum disorder; however in the 1990s the rate of autism was about 5 in 10,000 people. According to Autism Speaks, autism is now “more common than childhood cancer, juvenile diabetes and pediatric AIDS combined.” Some researches believe that the rise in numbers links to changes in diagnostic criteria and better diagnosis over the years, but the increase is still too dramatic for that to be the only cause. Another possibility, which is highly controversial, is the debate over the etiology centers on vaccines. Suspicion about childhood vaccines rose because young children frequently exhibit autistic behaviors around 18 months of age, after receiving the shots. Nothing has been officially proven, however, so researchers are continuing to work hard to find an answer.

So when it comes to education, what options does a person with autism have? Well, it really depends on the severity of the autism. If a child is low-functioning, then parents may chose to put him or her in a special education school where that child can receive individualized help both academically and socially. If the child is high-functioning then he or she could be fine at a main-stream school. The biggest factor that almost all autistic children need, no matter what type of school they are in, is a structured learning environment. The child needs clear expectations, as well as a routine. The child should also stay away from high anxiety environments that may cause them to become stressed and have an aggressive or explosive behavior outburst.

Like almost all students, autistic students all learn at their own pace and must have customized learning plans to help them reach their highest potential. Many times, autistic children undergo one-on-one learning with teachers and para-professionals that are specifically trained in autistic education. The problem is that if a school does not have those resources then parents are often responsible for covering the costs on the one-on-one learning and it is not cheap.

However, as autism awareness grows, so do the number of resources. There are now a number of schools specifically designated for children with autism. These schools have teachers and staff who are specifically trained to help children with autism, no matter how severe it is. The schools are designed for students who have not been mainstreamed. These schools are now popping up in almost every state and have the ability to help autistic children not just academically, but also socially and emotionally.

Another resource for children with autism is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). ABA is a data-driven method of instruction that highlights the break down of skills into their component parts and teaching students by means of a variety of prompting and positive reinforcement. Each specific skill is considered mastered only after the data confirms that conclusion. By constructing associated skills in a corresponding manner, ABA has been proven to have the physical effect of “re-wiring” brain circuitry in people with autism of all ages. In other words, if the therapy is completed the right way it results in actually teaching the child “how to learn.”

Even though we may not have a cause or a cure of Autism, the growing support for research has given the autistic community hope for the future. The increasing numbers of resources for autistic students in school, as well as the attention form the federal government will bring this country that much closer to solving this puzzle.

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Understanding emotional transfer in children with autism spectrum disorders

Understanding emotional transfer in children with autism spectrum disorders Sign In to gain access to subscriptions and/or My Tools. sign in icon Sign In | My Tools | Contact Us | HELP SJO banner Search all journals Advanced Search Go Search History Go Browse Journals Go Skip to main page content

Home OnlineFirst All Issues Subscribe RSS rss Email Alerts Search this journal Advanced Journal Search » Understanding emotional transfer in children with autism spectrum disorders Sander Begeer

VU University Amsterdam, S.Begeer{at}psy.vu.nl Mark Meerum Terwogt
VU University Amsterdam Carolien Rieffe
Leiden University Hedy Stegge
VU University Amsterdam Tjeert Olthof
VU University Amsterdam Hans M. Koot
VU University Amsterdam Abstract The present study examined the understanding of emotional transfer in 11 children with autism, 20 children with PDD-NOS and 31 typically developing children, aged 6 to 12 years. Children were asked about their emotional responses to successive, conflicting emotional situations. All children reported that preceding emotional situations would influence their emotional response towards a successive situation. Children from the typically developing group reported a stronger influence of preceding negative versus positive emotions. However, children with autism reported equal effects of preceding positive and negative emotions, and children with PDD-NOS were relatively unaffected by the preceding emotions. These findings may indicate a scripted understanding of emotions in children with autism in contrast to a more personalized understanding of typically developing children.

autism high-functioning emotional transfer advanced emotion understanding emotion scripts © The Author(s), 2010. Add to CiteULikeCiteULike Add to ConnoteaConnotea Add to DeliciousDelicious Add to DiggDigg Add to FacebookFacebook Add to Google+Google+ Add to LinkedInLinkedIn Add to MendeleyMendeley Add to RedditReddit Add to StumbleUponStumbleUpon Add to TechnoratiTechnorati Add to TwitterTwitter What’s this?

« Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Published online before print October 5, 2010, doi: 10.1177/1362361310378322 Autism November 2010 vol. 14 no. 6 629-640 » Abstract Full Text (PDF) All Versions of this Article: current version image indicatorVersion of Record – Dec 13, 2010 1362361310378322v1 – Oct 5, 2010 What’s this? References Services Email this article to a colleague Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Request Permissions Request Reprints Load patientINFORMation Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Scopus Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Begeer, S. Articles by Koot, H. M. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Begeer, S. Articles by Koot, H. M. Related Content Load related web page information Share Add to CiteULikeCiteULike Add to ConnoteaConnotea Add to DeliciousDelicious Add to DiggDigg Add to FacebookFacebook Add to Google+Google+ Add to LinkedInLinkedIn Add to MendeleyMendeley Add to RedditReddit Add to StumbleUponStumbleUpon Add to TechnoratiTechnorati Add to TwitterTwitter What’s this?

Current Issue January 2012, 16 (1) Current Issue Alert me to new issues of Autism Submit a ManuscriptSubmit a Manuscript Free Sample CopyFree Sample Copy Email AlertsEmail Alerts Rss FeedsRSS feed More about this journal About the Journal Editorial Board Manuscript Submission Abstracting/Indexing Subscribe Account Manager Recommend to Library Advertising Reprints Permissions society image The National Autistic Society Most Most Read Social StoriesTM to improve social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review Peer interaction patterns among adolescents with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) in mainstream school settings Emotional, motivational and interpersonal responsiveness of children with autism in improvisational music therapy Evidence-Based Practices and Autism Inclusion for toddlers with autism spectrum disorders: The first ten years of a community program » View all Most Read articles Most Cited Diagnosis in Autism: A Survey of Over 1200 Patients in the UK The Prevalence of Anxiety and Mood Problems among Children with Autism and Asperger Syndrome Anxiety in High-Functioning Children with Autism The CAST (Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test): Preliminary Development of a UK Screen for Mainstream Primary-School-Age Children Outcome in Adult Life for more Able Individuals with Autism or Asperger Syndrome » View all Most Cited articles HOME ALL ISSUES FEEDBACK SUBSCRIBE RSS rss EMAIL ALERTS HELP Copyright © 2012 by The National Autistic Society, SAGE Publications Print ISSN: 1362-3613 Online ISSN: 1461-7005

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Autism Graphics – Educational Software For Autistic Children

Autism Graphics

With technology becoming more important and useful every day, a variety of education application aimed at children amid autism is now available. Many general educational software titles can moreover be custom for autistic children. Autism Graphics

Because sensory output out of a computer can merely be adjusts (i.e., volume can be turned even greater and lower, the screen can be brightened or darkened, etc.), autistic borrowers usually find this type of technology easy to use when other techniques may fail. Introduce your child to the coming up software to improve the ability of them in their education.

For young children, programs that focus on sounds are successfully used for many autistic children. These programs teach phonics through songs and games. Some of the most highly acclaimed software programs include the following:

• Sound Beginnings (1 and 2) – can be made voice-specific for every child and includes a headset so the child can “talk back” to the computer Autism Graphics

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• Speaking for Myself – includes many graphics with words and sounds and also has options teaching Rebus and Makaton signs with videos

• Musical Leaps and Bounds – teaches language nonverbally with the use of music Other programs for this pre-school age range help children begin to learn skills such as the alphabet, counting and simple math, and spatial relationships. Check out titles such as Kidspiration, Jemima, Touch It, and Thinkin’ Things 1.

As your child grows and matures, introduce more age-appropriate software into their learning routine. Elementary school age autistic children benefit greatly from the program Fun with Feelings, software which uses video and visuals to identify emotions.

Problem Solvers is another wonderful title for children in elementary school. It was designed by a parent of an autistic child, so is specifically targeted for this learning disorder. Problem Solvers engages a child in the W-questions (Who, What, When, Where, and Why) and works on auditory processing, comprehension, and conversation skills. Other age-appropriate titles you may wish to consider for you elementary school aged autistic child include:

• School Routines and Rules – teaches with visuals skills a child needs to learn to interact in schools

• All About Ourselves – helps autistic child work on verbal and visual skills while learning about the body Autism Graphics

• Choices, Choices – includes many situations to encourage autistic children to develop social skills and awareness Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Graphics program now!

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Autism Store – 10 Great Toys For an Autistic Child

Autism Store

Have you believed a toy for autistic child? Regardless if a child has autism, another disability or not, all children love toys. Of course, no child is alike. Therefore, what may be enjoyed by one child may not hold the financial of another. Thus, the trick is to figure out which toys your autistic child will enjoy tinkering with, and will help them develop skills. The following are 10 great toys for autistic children. Autism Store

The first 5 are suggestions are for children age 3-7 and the second 5 are for children age 8 – 12. Following each basic toy description is examples of where you can find them – Ages 3-7

1. Paints and/or coloring pencils with large paper – This is a great way for an autistic child to express him/herself in color. Knowing what colors your child responds to may be helpful when it comes to learning. Check Toys R’ Us, Sears, or Wal-Mart.

2. Building blocks – any toy for autistic child that can be stacked helps them improve their motor skills. Great toys to consider include “Lego”, alphabet blocks, colored shapes, etc. Check Toys R’ Us, Sears, or Wal-Mart

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3. Stories with Repetition and/or Rhyme –These books help in the development of speech skills. Good book examples you can consider include “Dr. Seuss” and “Mother Goose Nursery Rhymes”. Book stores, online at Amazon.com, or your local library.

4. Mix and Match toys – Toys that involve sorting and grouping together matching numbers, colors, shapes, etc. help improve cognitive skills. One interesting toy for autistic child is “Match & Spell 3 – Letter Word”. This game teaches a child how to spell basic words by putting together matching colored cards that create a picture of the word. This game can be found online at the autism toy store stars4kidz.com. Autism Store

5. Toys that light up – Toys such as the “flashing molecule ball” are good for visual stimulation. When the ball is squeezed, the colorful balls light up and flash. Check online at stars4kidz.com or Toys R’ Us.

Ages 8 – 12

1. “Calculator Cash Register” – This is a perfect pretend toy for autistic child. This particular toy comes with a working calculator, pretend money (bills, coins and credit cards). This toy encourages creativity and math skills. Check online at Stars4kidz.com or local toy stores.

2. Musical toy instrument – If your child has an interest in music, consider getting a toy instrument such as drums, guitar, recorder or piano with sheet music. These toys teach cognitive, motor, creative and sensory skills. Check local toy stores, Toys R’ Us or Wal-Mart Autism Store

3. Picture books – Picture books such as “I Spy” are great ways to engage your child’s imagination. “I Spy” has a collection of picture riddle books based on different themes. Check your local bookstore, online at amazon.com, or library. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Store program now!

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Autism Book – Types of Books For Autistic Children

Autism Book

When you know one amidst an autistic child, you may be wondering what are safe presents, and that ones you should want to skip. This will depend on the child, and a parent can probably tell you what is good and what is not. Many times clothes and loud toys are not a good idea, as you don’t can identify how properties will respond to the textures or the noises associated with them. Autism Book

There are a large amount of times when books for autistic children are easily the ticket, but you could remember who there are particular the are better as opposed to others, and the reasons for this are relatively simple. One of the first things to consider when you want to buy books for autistic children is the material the book is made from. This might be something that would not be a consideration for a child without autism, but it is a matter of importance.

Some children with autism love to tear paper. They will do this repeatedly. If you get them a book made with paper pages, they will probably rip it to shreds. Instead, find the large block books that are made from cardboard. They will not be able to rip these nearly as easily, though it is possible. If they chew on things, you might want to skip the cardboard as well and go for the types that are made of pliable plastic. Be careful not to choose the ones with squeaky inserts, as they might be sensitive to those noises. Autism Book

When choosing a type of book, you may want to ask the parent what the child prefers. If the child loves to sit and hear stories, they would probably love to get books that are about children and animals. They may simply enjoy something that is full of pictures. These pictures can be about anything, but for most young children, pictures of other children, babies, or animals are popular. Autism Book

There are some that have a theme, such as space or farm, that can be used to teach association. When it comes to older children, you should ask the parent what to get. They know better than anyone what their child likes, and they also know the level of intellect. Some autistic children are highly intelligent, and they will need something to stimulate their mind. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Book program now!

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Autism Behaviour Strategies – 15 Autism Strategies For Managing Autistic Children

Autism Behaviour Strategies

Managing an autistic child can be difficult at times, that is why suffering autism strategies in place can make the change between coping and feeling overwhelmed. The strategies don’t undergo to be difficult or complex, it’s in essence simply a question of ensuring so your child feels secure, comfortable, and calm, so that properties can develop and enhance in a sure environment. Autism Behaviour Strategies

It’s important to remember that a number of the behaviors autistics display are those that they have developed in order to provide security and certainty to the world that surrounds them. Some of the behaviors that an autistic child naturally develops are designed to shut out situations they find too difficult to cope with. Thus applying the right approach can help a parent reach their autistic child instead of being shut out.

The following is a list of 15 different autism strategy suggestions parents can utilize to help them manage their children with autism spectrum disorders:

1. Provide a predictable environment and daily routine

2. Prepare your child in advance for any changes that need to occur to the routine, don’t spring surprises on them. Keep in mind changes should only be made when absolutely necessary.

3. Activities should have structure.

4. Distractions should be kept to a minimum, especially when communicating, so don’t try competing with the TV or lots of background noise when giving instructions.

5. Ensure you have your child’s full attention when trying to communicate with them.

6. When giving instructions they should be simple and direct so there is no room for misunderstandings. Autism Behaviour Strategies

7. When instructions are given, you need to allow enough time for your child to process them. Autism strategies require patience – don’t rush your child.

8. Try using visual aids like flash cards or picture books when communicating as these can help get your message across and cement understanding.

9. Try to be as consistent as possible with everything you do involving your autistic child. This includes punishments.

10. If an autistic individual is not coping, he/she requires a “safe” place where they can retreat in order to calm down and de-stress.

11. If your child is not coping with a situation, consider if underlying causes (I.E. confusion, stress, fear, pain or over-stimulation) could be a factor and try to remove that cause.

12. When the stress levels of an autistic have reduced, encourage them to return to group activities or situations.

13. Speak to the school to see if a buddy system could be introduced to help provide academic and social support. This involves pairing autistic kids with non-autistic peers.

14. Before attempting to alter or discourage a behavior that you think is inappropriate, carefully consider if this is necessary, as the behavior you are trying to diminish may be replaced by something worse. Autism Behaviour Strategies

15. Don’t take autism behaviors personally, find ways to de-stress yourself and remember that laughter is often the best medicine when you’re at your wits end. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autism Behaviour Strategies program now!

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Autism Curriculum – Distance Learning Homeschool Curriculum For Autistic Students

Autism Curriculum

Many mortgage holders that affix children with autism, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or Asperger’s Syndrome make the opportunity to homeschool their children. They can make the choice for a variety of very personalized reasons, but the majority of families choose homeschooling as it supplies a guarded environment for the children. Autism Curriculum

It supplies them to teach this children according to their distinct learning styles. Homeschooling additionally allows families to create a curriculum the challenges the children and proposals them variety that they might not get in a traditional school environment. If you are considering homeschool your child with ASD, Asperger’s or autism, consider a distance learning school as the core of your homeschool curriculum. Autism Curriculum

An accredited distance learning homeschool will be able to accommodate the learning needs of your child. An assessment will be made of your child, and a learning profile will be constructed. If you child with ASD has trouble with auditory processing, the curriculum he will follow at a distance learning school can be very visually based. If your child has trouble with processing speed, accommodations can be made for your child to work at his own pace. The distance learning homeschool experience is very flexible. Autism Curriculum

It is likely that your child with Asperger’s or ASD will be completing a high school degree and going on to college. The majority of students attending an online high school are involved in a college prep curriculum. The distance learning homeschool will help you develop a curriculum that meets the graduation requirements, but also one that interests and challenges your child. Many children with ASD have specialized interests. Autism Curriculum

Some are interested in the sciences, some in math or history. Because a distance learning homeschool is not bound by the limitations of a traditional high school in terms of scheduling, a curriculum can be developed that focuses on the specialized interests of your child. Because distance-learning homeschools have the ability to tailor their curriculum to meet the special needs of your child with Asperger’s or ASD, many families choose to enroll their children. A distance learning high school will have many specialists on staff to help guide your child and help him choose the courses that will best suit his needs and interests. Autism Curriculum

Those same specialists will help ensure that any accommodations that need to be made for your child with Asperger’s or ASD are carried out and followed through with. The online distance-learning environment makes it easy for homeschool families to be very involved with their child’s learning. Parents can monitor progress and participation. Don’t let your love ones suffer anymore! Lead them out through Autism Curriculum program now!

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Autism Video – Best Games For Autistic Children

Autism Video

Here are a few good games console for kids with autism, plus free of charge site games, board games, video games, etc. As you know, children who undergo based on data from autism undergo specific interests, at least one. Find out how it is and start based on what i read in there. Autism Video

1. The Wii. This game is all about movement. Auistic children make the same movements as his person, it’s helpful for controling his character. Plus, it’s simple, for there are very few buttons. Many kids with autism love it. It’s an fantastic invention.

2. Free site games: starfall This website adapts to children from 3 to 6 years old. It can read stories and teach sounds and letters. autismteachingtools There are some color bingo and sound matching games on this site page. Autism Video

3. Computer games, such as mysteries, puzzle games, or strategy games (such as Age of Empires or Age of Mythology). They are fun and not as graphic as some video games.

4. Board games. Candyland is a good one. It helps children to learn counting and turntaking. The game “Sorry” can help kids with rules and number identification. Scrabble and simple Charades can help with social skills, too.

5. Games for a group of students: “Around the world”. One student stands in back of another (who is seated at his desk). You say (let’s say you are doing verbal opposites), “BIG”, and the two children who are “it” have to come up with the verbal opposite. First one who says it moves on to the next seat. Loser has to take the winner’s seat. Reward anyone who makes it all the way around, or after however many correct answers works for your group.

6. Go fish. This game works on language, memory and attention. And it’s fun to play.

7. Try the old fashio tetris. Buy Nintendo DS at an electronic store and ask the saler for games that wouldn’t trigger a tantrum, games that are calmer. Autism Video

8. Video game. Vice City and GUN are rated M, which is the second highest video game rating. Basically,it’s not a good idea for autistic kids to play video games with too much violence. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Video program now!

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