Tag Archives: Autistic Tendencies

Question?: Pdd Symptoms

Paul asks…

Can someone please explain to me in detail what Autism is?

And what the symptoms are? That would be awesome!

admin answers:

Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain, impacting development in the areas of social interaction and communication skills. Both children and adults with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities. One should keep in mind however, that autism is a spectrum disorder and it affects each individual differently and at varying degrees – this is why early diagnosis is so crucial. By learning the signs, a child can begin benefiting from one of the many specialized intervention programs.

Autism is one of five disorders that falls under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by “severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development.”

Autism is a spectrum disorder, and although it is defined by a certain set of behaviors, children and adults with autism can exhibit any combination of these behaviors in any degree of severity. Two children, both with the same diagnosis, can act completely different from one another and have varying capabilities.

You may hear different terms used to describe children within this spectrum, such as autistic-like, autistic tendencies, autism spectrum, high-functioning or low-functioning autism, more-abled or less-abled; but more important than the term used to describe autism is understanding that whatever the diagnosis, children with autism can learn and function normally and show improvement with appropriate treatment and education.

Every person with autism is an individual, and like all individuals, has a unique personality and combination of characteristics. Some individuals mildly affected may exhibit only slight delays in language and greater challenges with social interactions. They may have difficulty initiating and/or maintaining a conversation. Their communication is often described as talking at others instead of to them. (For example, monologue on a favorite subject that continues despite attempts by others to interject comments).

People with autism also process and respond to information in unique ways. In some cases, aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior may be present. Persons with autism may also exhibit some of the following traits:

~Insistence on sameness; resistance to change
~Difficulty in expressing needs, using gestures or pointing instead of words
~Repeating words or phrases in place of normal, responsive language
~Laughing (and/or crying) for no apparent reason showing distress for reasons not apparent to others
~Preference to being alone; aloof manner
~Difficulty in mixing with others
~Not wanting to cuddle or be cuddled
~Little or no eye contact
~Unresponsive to normal teaching methods
~Sustained odd play
~Spinning objects
~Obsessive attachment to objects
~Apparent over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain
~No real fears of danger
~Noticeable physical over-activity or extreme under-activity
~Uneven gross/fine motor skills
~Non responsive to verbal cues; acts as if deaf, although hearing tests in normal range.

For most of us, the integration of our senses helps us to understand what we are experiencing. For example, our sense of touch, smell and taste work together in the experience of eating a ripe peach: the feel of the peach’s skin, its sweet smell, and the juices running down your face. For children with autism, sensory integration problems are common, which may throw their senses off they may be over or under active. The fuzz on the peach may actually be experienced as painful and the smell may make the child gag. Some children with autism are particularly sensitive to sound, finding even the most ordinary daily noises painful. Many professionals feel that some of the typical autism behaviors, like the ones listed above, are actually a result of sensory integration difficulties.

There are also many myths and misconceptions about autism. Contrary to popular belief, many autistic children do make eye contact; it just may be less often or different from a non-autistic child. Many children with autism can develop good functional language and others can develop some type of communication skills, such as sign language or use of pictures. Children do not “outgrow” autism but symptoms may lessen as the child develops and receives treatment.

One of the most devastating myths about autistic children is that they cannot show affection. While sensory stimulation is processed differently in some children, they can and do give affection. However, it may require patience on the parents’ part to accept and give love in the child’s terms.

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Dealing With Autism

One of your children has just been diagnosed with autism. The feelings you may be experiencing might be very confusing and possibly even conflicting. You may not even know much about autism, except that it explains why your child has been throwing tantrums without cause and refuses to hug you. You thought maybe those were just their little quirks and that they would grow out of it, but these “quirks” never went away. When a child in your life is diagnosed with autism, the world can suddenly become a very scary place, especially if you know very little about the disorder.

The good news is that more and more information about autism and the autistic spectrum is being released every day, and understanding the disorder that eludes you becomes easier with time and much research. The bad news is that a person can never really be rid of their autistic tendencies. However, the disorder can be managed through therapy and diet.

You should first be aware of the fact that there are many different types of autism. Asperger’s syndrome is generally known as a high-functioning autism disorder. Unfortunately, no one knows for sure what causes children to become autistic, but the disorder usually appears during the first three years of their lives. There are some babies who show symptoms when they are born, and others who seem to be developing normally at first but start showing symptoms somewhere between 18 and 36 months. Another unfortunate fact is that autism is more likely to develop in boys than girls – about four times more common.

Signs of an autistic disorder may be subtle at first, but they do eventually become more pronounced and difficult to handle. You should take your child to be evaluated immediately if the following symptoms occur:

Your child does not babble or make baby noises by their first year.
He or she does not point, grasp, or make other gestures by their first year.
Your child does not speak single words by the time they are 16 months old.
They cannot say a two-word phrase on their own (not including if they are repeating what someone says to them) by their second year.
Your child loses any language or social skill at any age.

Of course, these are not the only things you should be looking out for. If you do encounter any of these problems, please take your child to a doctor for autism evaluation immediately, because it is highly likely that your child has developed an autistic disorder of some kind. Do not be fearful, though. There are a few things you can do in order to help your child work through their disorder. First, you should start a gluten-free and casein-free (or dairy-free) diet, as this may be helpful in managing their behavior. You should also choose a good therapist who understands your child’s syndrome, and meet as often as possible. If you need medical insurance in order to pay for therapy, make sure you look at health insurance quotes in order to get the best rate.

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About Asperger Syndrome

Thought these spectrum disorders can affect two children with the same diagnosis in varying manners they may share certain behaviour patterns and can exhibit a wide range of abilities and skills. As a result these children show “low functioning,” “high functioning,” pervasive developmental disorders” and “autistic tendencies”. Kids with AS usually show the symptoms with “high functioning” autism.

About Asperger Syndrome

This disorder was named after the Viennese paediatrician, Hans Asperger in 1940. He first described a group of behaviour patterns which were apparent in some of his patients, mostly males. He noticed that though these boys had normal language development and intelligence, they had impaired social skills, had poor co-ordination and could not communicate very effectively with others.

According to the Asperger Syndrome Coalition of the United States, the onset of AS is much later than in autism or at least it is diagnosed later. Most kids are diagnosed between the ages 5 and 9, though many are diagnosed after age 3 as well. It is very difficult to understand the symptoms of a child with AS and so it is better that you let an experienced doctor or other health professionals make the diagnosis. It is not unheard of thought that a child is diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) before being diagnosed with AS at a later stage.

Symptoms and Signs

Minimal or inappropriate social interactions Most conversations are almost always revolving around themselves rather than others They have a lack of “common sense” They have “scripted,” “robotic,” or repetitive speech Obsession with complex topics such as patterns or music Problems with reading, math, or writing skills are apparent They have average to below-average nonverbal, cognitive abilities, though their verbal cognitive abilities are usually average to above-average odd behaviours or mannerisms awkward movements

Note: Unlike kids with autism, those with AS might show no delays in their language development. They usually have advanced vocabulary and good grammatical skills at an early age. However, they typically do exhibit a certain language disorder — they might have trouble using language in a social context and might be very literal.

Treating Asperger Syndrome:

As Asperger Syndrome behaviours and patterns can vary from child to child there isn’t a typical treatment regimen, but these following treatments could benefit your child as they can benefit greatly from the right programme which needs to be structured keeping the child’s needs in mind. You could contact Beach’s Therapy for a therapist to help you out at www.beachstherapy.com.au.

Miaranda Raines has worked as a counsellor with various organisations and has helped a large number of individuals. Her articles are an outcome of her own experiences in the field and are enlightening.

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Define Autism – Understanding Methods of Treating Autism

Define Autism

The first evolution in treating autism is developing an understanding of how autism is. One out of most any 150 births is estimated to result in a child affected by this neurological “spectrum disorder”. This disorder affects the expected functions of the brain who affect social interaction and communication skills. Autism is considered a “spectrum disorder” because it has the ability to affect each individual differently, resulting in various combinations of behavior issues with varying degrees of severity. Define Autism

This results in children displaying different levels of autism and is reflected in the various references to the disorder such as autistic tendencies, high or low-functioning autism and more or less enabled. It is important that anyone interested in treating autism not pay too close attention to the term used to define a child’s specific level of autism, as every child has the ability to improve their condition with treatment and education. The symptoms of Autism disorders are varied and are often times confused with symptoms of Asperger’s Disorder.

Although both disorders fall under the larger umbrella of “Pervasive Developmental Disorders” and share some of the same traits, each is a very different disorder. Where autism is a neurological disorder, Asperger’s sufferers show far fewer neurological problems than their autism counterparts. They also display a higher verbal IQ than performance IQ in testing, the exact opposite of autistic IQ testing results. These differences between these disorders are very important to those developing ways to treat autism, as different approaches are needed for each disorder. Define Autism

The main goal in treating autism is to provide an autistic child with the ability to function within their environment. Often times various types of treatment are used in combination to help them achieve this. Treatments such as behavior modification, communication therapy and dietary modifications are used to help improve the mental and physical symptoms of autism. The most common type of treatment is based on applied behavior analysis.

This theory is based upon the idea that behavior that is rewarded is more likely to be repeated then behavior that is ignored. This type of treatment directly addresses the obsessive and repetitive tendencies of autistic spectrum disorders. In addition to obsessive behaviors, most autistic children show great resistance to change. The combination of these two behaviors results in a very great need for structure in their lives. Using behavior modification techniques that are highly-structured and skill-oriented can greatly improve an autistic child’s chance of improvement.

The more controlled the treatment, the better the child will cope with it. Part of the treatment is also controlling the environment the treatment is conducted in. To ease the obsessive behavior and resistance to any type of change, intense one-on-one treatment and extensive caregiver participation is best.

The most important thing in treating autism is to recognize that each child, while having the same diagnosis, will exhibit very different symptoms. Each path of treatment will vary but will need to incorporate the basic needs of autism sufferers, such as routine and scheduling, as well as the needs of each individual child. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Define Autism program now!

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