Asperger Syndrome and Definition

Asperger syndrome is one of the autism spectrum disorders…Asperger syndrome and definition: The child’s ability to socialize and communicate effectively is affected. The condition is characterized by an inability to interact or communicate socially.

Some of the typical asperger syndrome and definition characteristics include:

* Uncoordinated motor movements and clumsiness.

* Poor posture

* Social impairments

* Limited interests and sometimes unusual preoccupations

* The need for repetition and ritualistic obsessions, like lining up possessions, collecting timetables and so on…

* Inability to communicate effectively lack of ability to understand wit, humor, puns and slang words

* Inability to read body language or facial expression…lack of eye contact

* Inappropriate behaviors

* Speech and language deficits…odd use of language and sometimes language can be delayed.

* Appearing to lack the ability to understand others feelings and emotions…one sided friendships…there way or no way!

As with autism there is no cure for asperger syndrome. That said there are things you can do to help those asperger individuals.

Asperger syndrome and definition:

Generally an asperger individual will display limited facial expressions. Mostly the asperger individual will have excellent rote memory, and will also display an intense interest in one maybe two topics to the exclusion of anything else.

These interests can sometimes be with the strangest of things; for example a bus timetable, a clock some marbles etc.

An asperger person may appear preoccupied with their own agenda to the exclusion of anything or anyone else.

Children with asperger syndrome have a better chance of living independently than those children with autism or other conditions on the spectrum.

Treatments and therapies are used for the asperger person as well as social skills training, educational intervention and medications.

I want to focus if I may on social skills training…Research suggest one of the main disabilities faced by asperger syndrome people is their lack of social awareness and deficits in social skills and communications.

If an individual with aspergers is going to live independently, and live as near a normal life as possible, this area needs to be looked at…and techniques and resources need to be put in place, to aid the individual with aspergers, achieve this goal.

There are resources that can help achieve this long term goal. One of those resources is the use of autism social skills stories, or asperger social skills stories.

These excellent resources are designed to help the asperger or autistic person understand and deal with situations and activities that the rest of us take for granted like tooth brushing or catching a train or bus.

The asperger social skills stories are a blueprint to independent life and those things we take for granted like…shopping trips or flushing toilets.

An asperger individual may be confused by certain situations and struggle to understand things like friendships, being a good sport and so on..

These are areas that asperger social skills stories can benefit them with clear precise information and instruction.

For a variety of topics that the asperger individual is finding confusing or that may be making them anxious or aggressive.

Immediate download of pictorially rich asperger social skills stories visit:www.autismsocialstories.com/asperger_adolescents

offering asperger and autism social skills stories all all topics, activities and behavior
visit www.autismscoailstories.com
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Ain Shams University Faculty of Arts Department of Psychology the Relationship Between Marital Adjustment & Personality Traits in Autistic

Introduction:
The marital adjustment provides the chance to a happy family and helps both the husband and wife to cope successfully with the changing situations despite the contradicting aspects in the personality of both the husband and wife. Of the situations that need coping and adaptability is the presence of an autistic child as a member of the family; Autism is one of the childhood disturbances which is characterized by an inability in the social interaction and an inability in the communication and the imaginative playing, and a decreased extent of activities and interesting which usually appears before the third year of age the agreement and understanding among family members, especially the parents, is a principal factor in the development of this child in the training program which is very important for the autistic child and his parents in which the child is been trained to depend on its self to be autonomic and developing his skills at general which the stress of parents as aresult of the child’s development degree may be affected by the nature of the marital adjustment between parents and the nature of the parents’ personality traits (depression, anxiety, or obsesses )

The study problem:-
The study problem is determined within responding to the following questions:-
1- Are there statistically significant differences between mean scores of the autistic children group on training program utilized in pre and post test?
2- Is there statistically significant relationship between marital adjustment in the autistic child’s parents and its developmental rate in the training program?
3- Is there statistically significant relationship between personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) of the autistic child’s parents and the development degree of the autistic child in the training program?
4- Are there statistically significant differences between mean scores of children of martially adjusted parents and maladjusted parents in the post – test of the training program.
5- Are there statistically significant differences between mean scores of children of high and low in personality traits (depression, anxiety. & compulsive obsessions) in post – test of the training program.

The study importance:
The importance of the study lies in the study of the relation ship of marital adjustment & personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) in autistic child’s parents and the developmental degree of autistic child in training programs in which our understanding increases about autism, as well as, enriching the researches in this field, specifically, where there is a rarity in researches, which handled programs of developing autistic child skills in the Egyptian Society, specially, self – caring programs .

Childhood examination in the current study aims to recognizing its problems and demands, as well as, the family which is the society nucleus, in addition to, demonstrating its relationship with the marital adjustment which is the nucleus of the upbringing of children with healthy socialization.

Study aims:

The study aims is represented in the following points:-
1- discovering the effect of training program in developing some self-caring skills in autistic children group.
2- discovering the nature of relationship between the marital adjustment in the autistic child’s parents and the developmental rate of the autistic child in the training programs.
3- Discovering the nature of relationship between the personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) in autistic child’s parents, and the developmental rate of the autistic child in training program.
4- discovering the nature of differences between the children of martially adjusted and unadjusted in the post – test of the training program.
5- discovering the nature of differences between children of high and low in personality traits (anxiety, depression & compulsive obsessions) in the post – test of the training program.

Hypotheses:-
1- There are statistically significant differences between mean scores of autistic children group in the training program at pre – & post – test in favor of the post – test in some self-caring skills
2- There is a statistically significant relationship between the score of marital adjustment of autistic children’s parents and the progression degree of the autistic child in the training program.
3- There is a statistically significant relationship between personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) in autistic child’s parents and the progression rate of the autistic child in the training program.
4- There is a statistically significant relationship between differences between mean Scores of the martially adjusted and maladjusted in the post – test of the training program .
5- There are statistically significant difference between mean scores of the children of high and low parents at personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) at the post – test of the training program.

* The study terms:
The study is lined out by the participants, of the study, as well as, the Egyptian population from which this sample is selected, and by study variables as measured by tests and measures used and the statistical techniques employed.
* Study procedures:
(A) participants:-
1- Autistic children group: A number of 23 autistic child aged 6 – 12 years old , selected from “ Abaa wa Abnaa “ center for mentally retarded care, and from “ Al Ebn Al Khas “ center for caring children of mental special needs.
2- Autistic children’s parents group: A number of 46 participant who are originally the parents of the autistic children group; (23)mother & (23) father, aged 30 – 50 yrs. Old)

(B) Study tools: – the study has used the following tools: –
1-Marital adjustment questionnaire:
Authorized by: Moors Manson & Arthur Learner, translated and standardized into Arabic by Adel Ezz El din El ashwal (1989)
2- Beck depression inventory (short form ) Authorized by : Beck Translated and prepared by Ghareeb Abd – El fattah (1990)
3- Taylor manifest anxiety scale Developed by tylor, translated by Ahmed Mohamed Abd – El Khalek .
4- Autism diagnosis criteria in DSM IV for mental disorders (1994)
5- Arabic scale for compulsive obsessions; Developed by Ahmed Mohamed Abd – El Khalek (1992)
6- Family socioeconomic status scale; Developed by Abd – El Aziz El shakhs (1995 A. D) second edit
7- Goddard shapes board test for measuring intelligence
8- Autistic child scale developed by Adel Abdullah Mohammed (2001A.D)
9- Primary data and developmental history sheet Developed by the Author
10- Entrance to the Autistic child sheet developed by the Author.
11- Program of developing some self caring skills for the autistic child developed by the author

* Statistical manipulation: –
The following statistical procedures have been employed
1- Spearman rankings correlation coefficient
2- WilKockson test (w)
3- Mann – Whitney test (U)

The study results: –
By responding to the hypotheses, the study results have been represented as follows :-
1- There are statistically significant differences between pre – test and post – test in the autistic children group at the training program in favor of the post – test .
2- There isn’t any statistically significant relationship between personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) of autistic child’s parents and at which extent the autistic child is progressing in the training program .
3- There isn’t any statistically significant relationship between personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) in the autistic child’s parents and the progression degree of the autistic child in the training program.
4- There are statistically significant differences between mean scores of children of maritally adjusted mothers and mean scores of children of maritally maladjusted mothers, meanwhile, There weren’t any statistically significant differences between mean scores of children of the martially adjusted and maladjusted parents at the post –test of the training program.
5- There aren’t statistically significant differences between mean scores of children of those high and low in personality traits (depression, anxiety & compulsive obsessions) in the post – test of the training program.

 
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Autism Parent Training – 2 Autism Screening Tools That Every Parent Should Know About!

Autism Parent Training

In 2007 the Center for Disease Control’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network (ADDM) discovered which 1 in 150 8 year olds in different features of the nation hold an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Years ago autism was declared to crop up in 4 to 5 per 10,000. This means that the prevalence of autism has increased to epidemic levels in the persist a large amount of years. This is the reason why most any parent needs to be educated around autism screening tools, in case their child is showing signs of autism. Autism Parent Training

This article will discuss 2 autism screening tools the I provide are many effective in diagnosing autism. Autism is a complex developmental disability that usually appears during the first three years of a child’s life. It is defined by a unique set of behaviors and is considered a “spectrum disorder.” What this means is that a child can have different symptoms that go across a spectrum. Autism is often diagnosed by physicians, health care workers, or special education personnel.

Two effective screening tools to diagnose autism are the CHAT which stands for the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, and the CARS which stands for the Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Both will be discussed now, as well as who can use these tools to diagnose autism.

1. CHAT Checklist for Autism in Toddlers is a short questionnaire which is filled out by the parents and a primary health care worker (usually the child’s Doctor). The CHAT is recommended to be given to all children at their 18 month check up. The Chat consists of two sections: the first nine items are questions answered by the parents and the last five items are observations made by the primary health care worker. These items look at behaviors which if absent at 18 months, put a child at risk for a social-communication disorder. These behaviors are: a. joint attention, including pointing to show and looking to where a parent is pointing, and b. pretend play. The items are then scored, and a determination of pass or fail is given. Children who fail are rescreened in one month, and if they fail again should be referred to a specialty Dr. or Clinic for further testing. Autism Parent Training

2. CARS Childhood Autism Rating Scale is a 15 item behavior Rating Scale that helps to identify children with Autism and to distinguish them from other children with a disability. Professionals such as physicians, special educators (after age 3), school psychologists, speech pathologists and audiologists who have had only minimal exposure to Autism, can easily be trained to use the CARS. This is one of the reasons that I like it so much, it does not take lengthy training before use.

Each of the 15 items covers a particular characteristic, ability, or behavior. The person performing the CARS will ask the parents questions. based on the 15 items. The parents answers will be used to give the child a score. Children who score above a given point are categorized as having autism. The CARS also gives a determination if the child has mild, moderate, or severe autism, based on the child’s score on the CARS.

This is a wonderful bonus for parents because it helps them understand what their child’s needs are related to having autism. By understanding what effective autism screening tools are available, parents will be able to ask their Doctor to use one of the screening tools, if they are concerned. If your child fails either of these tests, you should take them to a specialty clinic or physician, who is experienced in treating children with autism.

They should order a complete battery of tests to determine what your child’s strengths and weaknesses are, as well as what special education services they need. Do not take these screening tools in lieu of further testing, but it will help you get started. Good Luck! Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Parent Training program now!

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History Autism – Important Facts Involving the History of Autism

History Autism

Although the history of autism likely initiated well during a century ago, autism wasn’t formerly recognized as its own condition, it was originally confused provided another mental disorder, schizophrenia. For many years, it was also believed that autism was the result of one, basic cause. Today, it is known that autism does not only have one cause, and nothing about the disorder is basic. History Autism

For instance, although all autistics have issues with social development, some may be highly gifted and learn to live independently, while others are mentally unable to grasp concepts and are completely dependent. However, you may be wondering, how did the history of autism develop and where did it all begin? The following are the main facts that outline the major breakthroughs in autism history.

• 1912 – Eugene Bleuler – a Swiss psychiatrist was the first to recognize a pattern in schizophrenic individuals who seemed to be self-absorbed. Bleuler referred to this self-absorption as “autism”; he was the first to create and use this term. However, he was not the first in the history of autism to recognize autism as being a separate mental disorder from schizophrenia. History Autism

• 1943 – Leo Kanner – an Austrian-American child psychologist was the first to recognize autism as an independent mental disorder. Kanner described a group of 11 children having the following common characteristics: o Displaying anguish with changes o Problems with social interaction o Delayed echolalia (vocally repeating the sounds or words of another) o Good memory o Overly sensitive to specific stimulants, particularly sound o Problems with food o Difficulty being spontaneous o Notable intellectual potential Kanner labeled the behaviors of these 11 children as having early infantile autism.

• 1944 – Hans Asperger – an Austrian scientist and pediatrician, wrote about his experiences with a group of children he came to call autistic psychopaths. Asperger noted many of the same traits in the children that Kanner studied. However, the one trait he did not mention was the delayed echolalia. Instead, he noted that his group of children spoke like “little grown-ups”. Asperger also mentioned their clumsy motor skills that were different from the average child. If the name Asperger looks familiar, this is because he plays a major role in the history of autism in regards to Asperger Syndrome, now recognized as a specific type of high functioning autism.

• 1967 – Bruno Bettelheim – An Austrian-American child psychologist and writer wrote The Empty Fortress: Infantile autism and the birth of the self. Within his work, Bettelheim discussed three therapy session he had with children whom he called autistic. Bettelheim claimed that the autistic disorder was the result of their mother’s coldness. It was his belief that parents should not be involved in the children’s therapy. This lack of understanding of the condition left many parents wrongly feeling they were somehow to blame.

• 1970’s – Autism knowledge and research spread to Sweden. The Erica Foundation in Sweden began education and therapy for autistic children. During their research, it was discovered that autism was more complex than initially realized. This led researchers down a new path, making them realize, for one of the first time in the history of autism that there was more than one, general cause of autism.

• 1980’s – Autism research really took off and more researchers were becoming convinced that the typical reasons were related to neurological disturbances, which may be on occasion combined with other genetic factors such as chromosomal aberrations, metabolic disturbances, or illness.

For information on recognizing and treating autism sign up for the free Autism newsletter below. The history of autism still continues to this day, as researchers are still on a quest to determine the cause and the most effective treatment. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through History Autism program now!

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Autism Symptom Checklist – The Importance of Keeping an Autism Symptoms Checklist

Autism is a neurological disorder that may lead to drastic damage at behavioral, communication and social interactions level. Usually verified during the first periods of life, autism is believed to be a serious condition the present determines abnormalities in the development of children. Autism Symptom Checklist

The above all autism symptoms can sometimes be observed at birth. However, the presence of these kinds of a disorder is typically shown later, at ages virtually one or two years. Children with autism may encounters milder forms of the disorder, or, on the contrary, they may be affected by a large amount of severe forms of autism. Autism is a disorder that affects the way people relate to others, perceive and express feelings, communicate with other people, behave and adapt to new situations.

At the first sight, a person who suffers from autism appears to be normal and in fact, autistic people aren’t very different from people not affected by the disorder. Some autistic people have average and above average IQ’s, and the disorder affects people regardless of their intelligence level. People with autism usually focus their intelligence towards working with numbers, excelling in areas like mathematics. Despite the fact that many autistic people are very intelligent, they are unable to express themselves or to properly relate to other people. They usually have low emotional intelligence and behaviors targeted towards the self. Parents suspecting that their children might be affected by autism should pay careful attention to autism symptoms.

If autism symptoms are spotted soon, the damage done by the disorder can be controlled. Autistic children that receive the appropriate treatment, special care and attention, are less likely to develop severe forms of the disorder. Therefore, speed is vital in detecting the first autism symptoms. Parents that notice abnormalities in the behavior of their children should consider keeping track of autism symptoms with the help an autism symptoms checklist. It is best to keep an autism symptom checklist and to verify the responsiveness of children earlier than the age of two years, in order to be able to intervene in the development of the disorder. Autism Symptom Checklist

Here is an autism symptoms checklist presenting the most common autism symptoms to small children and babies:

– inappropriate verbal and non-verbal communication skills;

– strong resistance to environmental and behavioral change (autistic children don’t let people interfere with their routine, engaging in repetitive, stereotype behaviors and activities; they also have low adaptability to new situations);

– hyper-activity or hypo-activity (autistic children usually have extreme behaviors; they are either very active, being difficult to calm down, or passive, avoiding any interactions and showing little responsiveness to stimuli);

– inability to understand and act in the presence of danger (autistic children usually don’t seem to be aware of potential dangers);

– poor imitational skills (inability of imitating simple gestures or facial expressions);

– low responsiveness to the hearing of their own name;

– difficulties in social interactions, avoidance of making eye contact with people;

– the tendency of engaging in activities and behaviors that may result in self-harm (banging their heads against their cribs, excessively scratching their skin);

– poor emphatic skills (children with autism experience difficulties in relating with other people; they also can’t express their compassion or understanding to people in distress).

These autism symptoms presented above are the most common signs of abnormalities that children with the disorder might present and it is very important to spot them as soon as possible. Autism Symptom Checklist

This autism symptoms checklist should guide you in revealing the presence of autism during children’s first years of life. Don’t let your child suffer anymore! Lead your child out of his world through Autism Symptom Checklist program now!

Signs Of Autism In A Toddler – Identifying The Signs Of Autism

Signs Of Autism In A Toddler

How a child socially interacts at an early age is one of the key signs of autism. These children will often not respond to their names or will be unable to smile or even look at the people who are talking to them. They will dislike most forms of affection such as cuddles or kisses and will often avoid any form of eye contact. More signs of autism include not being able to play with others socially or even lack the ability to play imaginary games.

Key warning signs include not being able to make friends or not showing any form of anxiety around strangers. This specific lack of anxiety may occur during the first year of infant development. They will also not be anxious when being separated from their mothers this is due to the inability to feel empathy towards others.

Signs of autism in a toddler will most likely be of a verbal nature due to autism mostly being confirmed in toddlers when they are between three or four years of age. They will be unable to sustain any form of conversation, certain phrases or sayings that the average child will be able to say during this growing phase will not be used by children with autism. They will instead acquire repetitive natures in certain areas. For instance, an increasing obsession with particular articles. If one should encounter a child with autism, they will mostly likely appear as if they are deaf. This is not always the case, but due to their lack of responsive and communication abilities this deduction is often made. Signs Of Autism In A Toddler

A child usually speaks after achieving the first few milestones in early childhood development. However, with children diagnosed with autism one side could be complete lack of verbal skills resulting in not being able to talk at all. Another sign of autism can be the parroting of certain phrases or words they hear repeatedly, resulting in an obsession. They will also tend to confuse pronouns such as “I” or “We”, often exchanging the one for the other in limiting conversations.

A child with autism will develop certain limited interests or display movements of a repetitive nature. They will also be highly inflexible when it comes to certain rituals they wish to follow. Due to this they over focus their attention on certain objects of their choice.

Another symptom is that children with autism can become increasingly sensitive when it comes to senses such as taste, smells or sounds. This will cause frustration for the child and could cause erratic outbursts. They will also think nothing of harming themselves as in some cases their sensitivity to physical sensations are numbed.

In recent research it is shown that twenty percent of children with autism suffer negative changes between early child development and abilities that are totally impaired. Knowing the signs of autism will ensure that you are properly educated on the origins as well as treatments and symptoms of autism, which will ultimately prevent your child from regressing should the necessary treatment be administered. Signs Of Autism In A Toddler


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Signs And Symptoms Of Autism In Toddlers – An Autism Symptoms Checklist

Signs And Symptoms Of Autism In Toddlers

People that suffer from autism seem to live in their own worlds, they reject any contact with other persons and they do not socialize at all. Unfortunately we know so little about this disorder so the only thing we can do for autistic people is to try to understand them and to make them feel good, because there is no known cause or cure for autism.

Autism manifests itself soon after the birth of a child, and it’s important that the ones around him, usually the family or the teacher detect the ones affected and seek help for them. The sooner an autistic is discovered the better for him/her, because autistics need special treatment and they need to be supervised, for they are not aware of what is right and what is wrong in most cases.

But autism is a special condition, and it’s pretty hard to determine its symptoms so that you can recognize them. Autism is a term that refers to a wide-area of disorders with many signs and symptoms. We can only hope that in the future a treatment for autism will be found, but until then we need to discover the autistic persons early so that they are treated properly d no problems occur. Here follows an autism symptoms checklist that contains all the signs that were noticed in multiple cases of autism and therefore are the most common: Signs And Symptoms Of Autism In Toddlers

-autistics have great problems with speaking, they can’t express themselves because their language skills are very poor

-they are avoiding to touch or to be touched by other people; they also avoid any eye contact

-they don’t like the company of others and they like to be alone, they have their own world

-autistic children play very different from the other children and their way of playing seems strange

-they have an increased sensitivity to bright lights and loud noises

-sometimes they seem to be deaf and they don’t even respond to their own name

-they focus at a single object for hours

-they appear to have a reduced sensitivity to pain but they don’t show any fear in some cases, for example if a car travelling at high-speed is heading straight in their direction

-the children who suffer from autism don’t like to cuddle and they don’t smile if they are smiled at

This autism symptoms checklist contains the most encountered symptoms of the disorder but autism manifests differently from case to case so it does not have a certain pattern. But if you see that a child presents at least 3 or 4 signs mentioned above then there are chances that he is autistic. Signs And Symptoms Of Autism In Toddlers


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Autism In Toddler – Is Your Toddler Diagnosed Autistic?

Autism In Toddler

Autism, High functioning Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder Non Specific (PDDNOS) Which autism spectrum diagnosis has your child received?

I understand this is a very anxious time for you. You’ve found out your child has Autism, a developmental disorder which until recently you may never have even heard of. I know too, that like many other parents that when he was much younger, you felt something was wrong, but no-one would listen to you. They said you were over-anxious or a new parent and told you to wait and see. Well you waited, and this is how it turned out!

There is no blood test for Autism, no MRI scan. Diagnosis is through observation and parent interview using DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994).

A diagnosis of autistic disorder is given when an individual displays 6 or more of 12 symptoms listed across three major areas

social interaction
communication
stereotypical behaviour

When a child display similar behaviours but does not fully meet the specific criteria for autism, they may receive a diagnosis of Pervasive Developmental Disorder-NOS (PDD not otherwise specified). Autism In Toddler

Back in 2003 Ned Bachelder, the father of an autistic son wrote this:

‘I’m not going to claim that having an autistic child is a wonderful, life-affirming experience, that every day is a new beginning, that it makes me feel more alive. On the whole, it is a wearying, grinding, frustrating experience. It means constantly re-evaluating possibilities, (usually) lowering expectations, and planning for the worst.’

I hope it doesn’t have to be like that for much longer. Autism is diagnosed earlier now, thanks to increased public awareness by parents like Ned and amazing charities set up to fight for the cause. It may be no consolation for you however to have become part of the statistics of 1 in 110 children who have an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Especially when scientists appear no nearer to finding a cure.

Now you have your diagnosis, you have the answer to your question ‘what is wrong with my child.’ If not right now, then very soon you will likely be asking ‘What can I do about it?’

Early intervention has been shown to be effective. Every child with autism is different, but often display delay in gross and fine motor skills, attention, speech and language, and self-help skills. Parents report an awkward gait, difficulty mastering stairs, and even a fear and hatred of cutlery as the child continues to finger feed into preschool years.

Many children on the autistic spectrum have problems with chewing and swallowing, are picky eaters and have a restricted diet due to their limited food preferences. They may have a high need for oral stimulation, chewing and mouthing objects long after their peers.

Early intervention does not have to break the bank There are a few simple things you can do right now with your child at home to promote gains for them in gross and fine motor skills, reduce ‘stimming’ behaviours and encourage communication. Autism In Toddler


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Signs Of Autism In Toddler – How Autism Is Different For Every Child

Signs Of Autism In Toddler

Many times people ask ‘what are the signs of Autism?’ Although I try to answer them, I am always concerned at the question. Asking what the signs of Autism are is not as simple as it would seem. It also leads me to believe that many people think there is one set way that children with Autism should look or act.

That definitely is not true. One child with Autism can be dramatically different than the next child. Some children with Autism talk and some do not. Of those who do not speak some can understand and use alternative types of speech and of course some do not.

Many children with the various types of Autism can deal with their personal needs like toileting on there own. Some children will need various levels of support. Of course there is the group of children that continues to use diapers into adulthood. Signs Of Autism In Toddler

Some children with disabilities make eye contact and some do not. There are children with Autism that can and do use humor appropriately. Although there are many people with Autism who do not make eye contact.

Just the same way there are various levels of understanding in all children, it is the same with children with Autism. Autism can be complicated with other disabilities which makes the subject even more complicated. Common co-occurring disabilities can be ADHD or cognitive disabilities. The question ‘What are the signs of Autism?’ is so complex, I worry I do not do it justice. Signs Of Autism In Toddler


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Autism Anxiety Overload

The renowned autism expert Tony Atwood is fond of putting it this way: “Autism is anxiety looking for a target.” Autism and anxiety go hand-in-hand. Autism affects a person’s ability to communicate with others or to understand the world around him, and that’s bound to cause anxiety and panic sometimes.

Anxiety becomes even worse when there is a change in the autistic child’s routine. Even positive and “fun” changes, like a school field trip or a visit to the zoo, can increase anxiety and aggressive behaviors.

For parents, the best course of action is to anticipate upcoming changes and help your child prepare for them. Many parents find it helpful to use stories and pictures to prepare children for impending disruptions. If it’s a field trip to the zoo, for example, use pictures to show your child what he’ll see at the zoo, what the zoo will be like, and what sort of things to expect. Do this each day for three or four days prior to the trip. That way, when the trip actually happens, the child won’t be entirely out of his element, but will already understand and appreciate some of what will be happening.

Other changes in the routine are less enjoyable but still necessary. Getting a new teacher can be traumatic, as can moving to a new house. If at all possible, try to spread out the major changes. If you move to a new house, try to do it during the summer, so that your child won’t have to deal with the added anxiety of getting a new school and new teacher mid-year.

You can also introduce your child to the concept of “change” in a positive way by practicing with non-negative things. For example, just for practice, give him a little extra TV time instead of homework time one night, to show that changes in the routine can often be fun and good. Then practice with a neutral change (homework after dinner instead of before dinner), then with a negative one (changing play time into chore time). This process can help your child grow accustomed to the idea of change and learn to adapt without becoming anxious.

For continual, ongoing anxiety, many parents have begun using anti-anxiety medications for their autistic children. Usually, the medications are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and are also used for obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression. Prozac, Luvox, Zoloft and Anafranil are all common for anxiety in autistic children.

For behavioral problems, antipsychotics such as Haldol, fluphenazine and chlorpromazine can be prescribed. These can reduce aggression in autistic kids, but sometimes also cause sedation and muscle stiffness.

All patients are different. You and your doctor should monitor your child’s progress very closely, using the lowest dose of medication possible, to see if what improvements it makes and whether there are any adverse reactions. Medication should be the last resort for autism, not the first one. There are a number of natural remedies available if you don’t want to go down the drug route. But try behavioral and dietary modifications first, to see what improvements can be made naturally.

There are many more resources and information about diagnosing, controlling and treating Autism in, The Essential Guide To Autism – for more info – Click Here

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